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Explain what is meant by ethical monotheism

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Introduction

Explain what is meant by ethical monotheism The word 'ethical' as defined by the Chambers Pocket Dictionary means "1. Of or concerning morals, justice or duty. 2. Morally right". The word monotheism is defined as "the belief that there is only one God". So, what is meant by the phrase 'ethical monotheism'? The majority of Jewish people believe that there is some sort of God out there, a higher being than themselves. Rabbi Dr Louie Jacobs says this is "because they have been taught by their ancestors"; perhaps suggesting that it is down to tradition. However, despite this when their belief is challenged, "They are able to show that it is not blind and unthinking". Atheists don't believe that any form of a God exists; they believe that everything (the world and its inhabitants etc) just appeared. ...read more.

Middle

Surely all of humanity could not have been a scientific accident? Dr Rabbi Louie Jacobs answers this question with another question, "but how can the universe be reasonable unless there is a mind in the universe". Belief in one God is at times testing. The existence of a God is always questioned, but it is questioned even more so at times of suffering. As Rabbi Dr Louie Jacobs comments "If God exists... how and why could such a Being tolerate all the pain, misery, and anguish that is often the lot of humanity". This was evident during the Holocaust, when six million innocent Jews were murdered by the Nazis. People everywhere asked, if there is a God, why does He allow such horrors to occur? ...read more.

Conclusion

Jewish people believe that God's providence extends to all people but that God entered into a special Covenant with the ancient Israelites. They do not believe that they were chosen for any special privileges but rather to bring God's message to humanity by their example. In conclusion, for the word monotheism to be considered as Jewish, "the word 'ethical' has to be added" to it. Dr Rabbi Louie Jacobs explains this as "there can be no religion without ethics and no ethics without religion"; they are each based upon each other. Furthermore he continues to say, "Unless ethics and religion are wedded together, neither constitutes the Jewish way" and this Jewish way is, ethical monotheism. ?? ?? ?? ?? Daphna Starr Source: 'Belief in God' Rabbi Dr Louie Jacobs ...read more.

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