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Explain why religious people may have problems with transplant surgery.

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Introduction

(3a) Explain why religious people may have problems with transplant surgery. Transplant surgery is the use of organs taken from one person and put in to another person to replace an organ that is malfunctioning or diseased. A wide range of organs can be transplanted successfully for example hearts, livers and eye corneas, but there organs have to be compatible and drugs usually have to be used to prevent the donated organ being rejected by the host. There are two types of transplant surgery. One involves using organs from a dead person, and the other involves using the organs of a living person which they can live without for example bone marrow or single kidneys. Although transplant surgery is a last resort, it is still very affective and it provides people with hope. Non religious people in favour of transplant surgery would argue that, it is an affective method of curing fatal diseases like heart or kidney malfunction, and for improving people's lives. It uses organs which would otherwise be buried or burned and it gives people a chance to help others after their death. So it brings life out of death. For religious people, transplant surgery raises many difficult issues about our respect for the dead and beliefs in life after death and about the sanctity of life. The sanctity of life is the belief that God created the universe and therefore everything in it is a gift from God and is sacred, including the living and the dead which means that, God is the only one that can give and take life. ...read more.

Middle

physical organs and also Jesus told Christians that they should love their neighbours and treat others as they would wish to be treated by them which justifies transplants Other Christians are opposed to transplant surgery using organs from dead people, but they accept using organs donated by living relatives. They would not allow such organs to be paid for as it is seen to be exploiting the poor which is a sin in the Bible. The reasons for this attitude are based on the Christian belief that organs such as heart are an intrinsic part of the individual who has been created by God, transplanting organs from the dead in to the living is usurping the role of God and humans do not have the right to act as God and organs that can be used from the living are not vital and so can be used to obey Jesus' command to love your neighbour. Some Christians do not allow transplants of any sort and will not carry a donor card. The reason for this attitude is that they believe that the transplants can ignore the sanctity of life, they believe that transplanting organs is usurping God's role and it is considered a great sin to play God and they also agree with all the non- religious arguments against transplants. This has been shown in the high profile case of the Siamese twins Mary and Jodie. ...read more.

Conclusion

Most Christians accept transplant surgery from living and dead people because they would argue that their organs are not needed in the after life, that it brings life out of death and they believe in loving their neighbours which for them justifies the transplant surgery of a living or dead donor. The Christians who accept organs donated only by living close relatives would argue that transplanting the organs from the dead in to the living is usurping or playing the role of God and organs that can be transplanted from the living are not vital so they can still obey Jesus' command of loving your neighbour. Roman Catholics and most Evangelical Protestants do not believe in any sort of transplant. Christians who don't agree with transplant surgery at all believe that transplants ignore the sanctity of life, they believe it is like playing God which is a sin and they also agree with all the non religious arguments against transplant surgery. In Islam most people are opposed to transplant surgery because they believe it is against Gods will. They base their decision on the Shari'ah laws, the Qur'an, the Muslim belief in the sanctity of life and they also agree with the non religious arguments against transplants. However some Muslims allow transplant surgery as long as the donor is a living close relative. They allow it because a fatwa was issued saying that Muslims could carry donor cards, the aim of Islam is to do good and help people and they also agree with the non religious arguments in favour of transplants. ...read more.

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