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Page 1: Introduction Page 2: Shahadah Page 3: Salat Page 4: Salat Page5: Salat Page 6: Zakat Page 7: Saum Page 8: Saum Page 9: Saum Page 10: Hajj Page 11: Hajj As part of the Islam religion, all true Muslims must perform 5 duties, called the Five Pillars of Islam. They are called the Five Pillars of Islam because they effectively are holding up the Islamic religion. Each pillar is as important than the last and Muslims have to abide by them to follow their religion, they are like rules. These are given here in their order: Shahada (Affirmation) The duty to recite the creed: "There is nothing worthy of worship save Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God" Salat (Prayer) The duty to worship the One God in prayer five times each day Zakat (Almsgiving) The duty to give away alms and to help the needy Saum (Fasting) The duty to keep the Fast of Ramadan Hajj (Pilgrimage) The duty to make the pilgrimage to Makkah at least once in a lifetime Shahadah The Shahadah is the first pillar of Islam. Shahadah is the declaration that there is no god but Allah and Prophet Muhammad, his prophet. The first of the five pillars of Islam is the profession of faith in the saying of the words that "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His Prophet". This Shahadah, or evidence, when recited by a person of honesty, completes the first major task for being a Muslim. Through this public occupation of faith, the individual becomes part of the Islamic community. Muslims will say the Shahadah thousands of time during his/her lifetime they will mainly be: They will repeat it many times when they get up in the morning and go to bed at night They will whisper it in the ear of their newborn baby They will teach it to their children when they are old enough to remember and learn it They will also try and make ...read more.


One mithqal is approximately 4.25 grams. The nisab of silver and silver currency is 200 dirhams, which is approximately 595 grams of pure silver. The nisab of other kinds of money and currency is to be scaled to that of gold, 85 grams of pure gold. Zakat is due: 1. Passage of One Lunar Year: Zakat is obligatory after a time span of one lunar year passes with the money in the control of it's owner. Then the owner needs to pay 2.5% of the money as Zakat. 2. Deduction of Debts: The owner should deduct any amount of money he or she borrowed from others; then check if the rest reaches the necessary nisab, then pays Zakat for it. Zakat is not supposed to take away the money and wealth of people. Like other duties, paying zakat is a blessing to all Muslims. Paying it is a test of honsety - a Muslim cannot live a enjoyable life if he does not pay zakat. He knows that he will have to answer to Allah on the Day of Judgement. The Qu'ran tells him that a complete record of his dees is being kept in heaven. That record will show if he has been generous and honest. Saum Saum is the duty to keep the fast of Ramadam The Arabic word 'Saum' in its literally means 'abstain' and when used to refer to the five pillars of Islam then people take it to mean 'Rozah', which actually means fasting. This Rozah under the five pillars happens during the month of Ramadhan. Unfortunately, the word 'fasting' can be a bit strange as for many non-Muslim people the word fasting simply means to go without food and drink for some duration of time. For Muslims, fasting is not just about going without food and drinks for a month, as many things are forbidden during Ramadhan. An example of some of the things forbidden in Islam is given in the following hadith: Fasting is not abstaining from eating and drinking only, but also from vain speech and foul language. ...read more.


Only Muslims are able to enter the city of Makkah. The main objective of every Muslim to head towrd the Ka'bah. He shall walk/run around the shrine seven times in an anti-clockwise direction, saying a prayer each time. The separate laps all start from the Black Stone. Every time he circles the Ka'bah he kisses or raises his arms to the Black Stone, his thoughts are now just of Allah. In the Qu'ran it says that the Ka'bah was first built by Ibrahim and his son, Isma'il. Muhammed the prophet cleared all of the idols out of the Ka'bah and from then on it was used for only worshjip to Allah. Some Muslims believe that the Ka'bah is directly under the throne of Allah in heaven. During the Hajj service a large black cloth covers the Ka'bah. After the service this shall be cut up and sold to the pilgrims as a souvenir of their journey. The next part of the Hajj is the sa'y. This will involve walking seven times between two small hills, Marwa and Safa. This is to remind pilgrims of Hajar. Hajar was Ibrahim's wife, who ran between the two hills in search of water. Pilgrims then travel to the plain of Arafat and the Mount of Mercy, where Muhammad preached his last sermon. The pilgrims stand here and pray from noon until sunset. This is the most important part of the Hajj. Before ending the Hajj, pilgrims go on to Mina, where they spend three days. On each day, they throw seven stones at each of the three pillars. The pillars symbolise the devil. This reminds Muslims of Ibrahim's refusal to listen to the devil. The Hajj is then over and the pilgrims now go back to Makkah to walk or run around the Ka'bah for the last time, Ihram is then over. Some pilgrims will travle on to the tomb of Muhammad in Maddinah. Rhys Owen-Five Pillars Of Islam ...read more.

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