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Gap between reason and emotion

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Are reason and emotion equally necessary in justifying moral decision? Moral decision is the principle of concerning right and wrong or good or bad behavior. "Morality is one of those basic aspects of humanity, like sexuality and easting, that cant fit into one or two academic fields" (Jonathan Haidt) How do we justify moral decisions? There are many forms of justifying moral decisions such through the epistemologies of reasons and emotions. However, even though both reasons and emotions are important, they are not equally necessary in justifying moral decision. Reason is a cause or an explanation for something that has happened or that somebody has done. It is also a fact that validates a particular action. Moreover, through reasons, it is also the power of the mind to think in a logical way, and to understand and have opinions. On the other hand, emotion is a strong feeling such as love, fear, or anger that is the part of a person's character that consists of feelings, magnifying certainty on a personal stance. As a result, in this essay, I shall explain how reason is more necessary in justifying moral decisions rather than through emotion, even though emotions are added with reason that will result in a strong justification of moral decision. ...read more.


Through this we are able to see that reason magnifies only upon the affected party, while emotion focuses upon the implementing party. However, according to "the utilitarian theory" of "the greatest happiness of the greatest number" (Woolman, Michael) as this case study's conflict is mainly between Fumika and people in the US, only with the decision of punishment in jail for example, would focus on the well-being of everybody because it wouldn't be an excuse for other coming crimes. Nevertheless, the interrelation between the two epistemologies fills the gap of ambiguity in justifying the Japanese's mother's psychology and America's response to the act. However, through her own reasoning of Japanese Culture, leaving her children alone after her death will even cause them more harm because no one will take care of them and the high shame culture of Japan will make her children be prejudiced on. Moreover, in Japanese Culture, a mother makes choices until her child reaches age ten, whereas according to the American Law, when a child is born, even when they are still in the womb, he/she is already one body alone that should make decisions on his/her own. In addition, emotion is another important factor in justifying moral decisions. Even though these emotions are personal feelings and people usually act emotionally because of reasons and facts related to the problem or decision and is mainly based on "the self-interest theory" (Woolman, Michael) ...read more.


These sympathy and sad emotions are another step in justifying the moral decision because these emotions are only caused by the result of the reasons and the facts that come before in this logical thinking process. As a result, with both of these aspects, reasons and emotions, as they are put in a logical way like premises, it will create a strong justification and conclusion of moral decisions that he has spread to the viewers in this world. As a result, I think reason is a stronger factor and is more necessary to justifying moral decision than motions, however when we act emotionally to reasons and when both of these factors are combined, it will come up to a stronger justification of moral decision. Like in "A Tragedy in Santa Monica" by using both reason and emotion, Fumika gets the punishment she deserves which is counseling without a jail time punishment. Moreover, in "An Inconvenient Truth," Al Gore used both reasons and emotions to justify his message of the ethical and moral decision for environmental aspects that will influence millions of people and other living things in this world. Thus, even though both reason and emotion is not equally necessary to justify moral decision, it is a stronger argument of moral decision if one uses both reason and emotion. With this combination of reason and emotion in a logical way, people's mind will be more influenced to support one's moral decision. ...read more.

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