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GCSE TP Revision

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GCSE T&P Revision

The Nature of God

  • Christians are Monotheists
  • God is Omnipotent, Omni benevolent, Omniscient and Omnipresent
  • The Trinity
  • Forgiveness of God – Salvation
  • Miracles of Good
  • Revelation e.g. divine intervention, visions, Near Death Experiences,   Nature, Miracle both in Bible and in Real World, Jesus
  • Teleological Argument – Watch -  Intelligent Design
  • Cosmological Argument – Initial Cause – Infinite Regression impossible
  • Pascal’s Wager – Better to believe in God
  • Moral Argument -  Morality and Conscience comes from God
  • Immanent God – God is nearby and part of human experiences
  • Transcendent God – God is beyond and outside the material world
  • Personal God – God is has human qualities (e.g. consciousness, free will)
  • Impersonal God -  God is like a force incapable of relationships (e.g. wind

The Nature of Belief

  • Churches: Cross shape (Death and Resurrection of Jesus), Steeple pointing to sky, altar, pulpit etc.
  • Private and Communal Worship
  • Hymns, Bible Reading, Sermons
  • Prayer (incl. Lord’s Prayer) Supplication, Adoration, Confession, Thanksgiving
  • Holy Communion / Mass / Eucharist (Bread and Wine)
  • Symbols
  • Music, Decoration and Art

Good and Evil

  • Moral Evil – Caused by people
  • Natural Evil - God? /Devil?
  • Problem of Evil and Theodicies
  • Devil
  • Augustine: Evil caused by absence of god in world and hearts/Original Sin
  • Irenaeus: Suffering is Soul-making, creates and tests Virtues needed for Heaven
  • Suffering created by: Original Sin, Devil, Free-will, Absence of God, Used to differentiate between pleasure/good, Psychological problems, Punishment
  • People are able to tell good from evil using: conscience, bible, parables, the ten commandments

Religion in Human Relationships

  • Ideally marriage for life, ceremony, wedding vows (bible based), agreements. Marriage is a sacrament, sign of holiness.
  • Genesis, fall of man (because of woman?), creation of woman, women in bible,
  • Divorce vs. Annulments
  • Promiscuity, Contraception, Same Gender Relationships, Body as Temple of Holy Spirit, free will,
  • God created woman out of man (An implied dependency, weakness?)
  • Monogamy and Fidelity

Religion and Medical Ethics

  • Sanctity of Life (Body as Temple), Ensoulment, Breath of Life, God knows us before we are in the womb, Quality of Life, Right to Life
  • Abortions
  • Fertility treatments (IVF), playing God/God wish, Spare embryos
  • Euthanasia (Active e.g. pills vs. Passive e.g. switching off machine)
  • Suicide
  • Animal Research,3 R’s Replace Reduce  Refine, Genesis: Stewardship
  • Pro-Life vs. Pro-Choice
  • “Playing God” and Natural Moral Law

Religion and Equality

  • New Testament: Female Prophets.
  • Women as Priests, Catholics believe Priest represents Christ.
  • Mary Magdalene
  • Love thy neighbour and love all. The Good Samaritan parable
  • Liberation Theology, Jesus seen as a Liberator
  • Evangelical Beliefs: Share Christianity
  • Copy forgiving nature of God, the Lord’s Prayer
  • Ecumenical movement: all denominations working together
  • Exclusivist: Only Christians go to heaven, Fundamentalist,
  • Pluralist: God is truth and truth is individual, Liberal,
  • Inclusivist: “Anonymous Christians” Conservatives, Evangelicals,

Religion, Poverty and Capital Wealth

  • Parable of the Good Samaritan
  • Saint Francis of Assisi, Poor are better off than the rich
  • Charities: Cafod, the Salvation Army, Christian Aid, Tearfund
  • Love Thy Neighbour
  • Correct use of money
  • Monks and Nuns vows of Poverty
  • Amos in Old Testament supported the fair treatment of Poor
  • James in New Testament condemns Favouritism and sees it as a devaluation of Christ’s death. Story: Making poor sit on floor while giving preference to rich.
  • Jesus gives more preference to the donations of the poor than that of the rich Luke New Testament. Jesus is the “good new to the poor.”

Religion, Peace and Justice

  • God sees everyone as equal
  • "See that justice prevails in the courts."Amos shows God wants the legal system to be fair and not biased to the rich.
  • Against social injustice, Old Testament: treat aliens “as yourself”
  • Just War Theory, Thomas Aquinas. Last Resort, Right Intent, Pacifism
  • Conscientious Objectors – object to war but may still help: doctors
  • Do not kill vs. Do not murder in Commandments
  • Righteous anger
  • Punishment: Deterrent, Reform, Protection, Retribution
  • Amnesty International
  • Liberation Theology: Speaking out against social injustice
  • Repentance and Reconciliation

Fundamentalist vs. Conservative vs. Liberal

Situation Ethics > Doing the most loving thing in a situation > Utilitarian

Agape > Compassion

Absolutism vs. Relativism

Intrinsic Value vs. Instrumental Value

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