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give account of the social and religious conditions in northern India at the time of the Buddha.

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Introduction

Give an account of the social and religious conditions in northern India at the time of the Buddha. In the time of the Buddha economic developments began to increase . the introduction of iron plough shares and other tools produced agriculture surpluses which led to prosperity and strong trade. The period is characterised by the growth of large towns and the first use of money. one of the main effects of these changes was the creation of new professions, such as trade officials and traders, which had no place in the ancient class system. Life in northern India improved at this time. Population increased dramatically at this time and also the economic growth increase. Nuns and monks depended on ordinary people to help them for food and equipment. It is therefore arguable that urban development was pre-condition for the growth of Buddhist monasteries. ...read more.

Middle

Although the two leaders never met, there are a number of Buddhist scriptures that refer to conversations between the Buddha and some of Mahviras disciples. In Jainism it is taught that law of moral causation or karma is based on actions not intentions, this is the opposite of Buddhism as intentions fill up karma. Alongside these trends of religions there were also ancient religions especially in villages and tribes. these beliefs included local nature spirits and demons. Folk religions had various magical practises, such as fortune telling, palmistry and spells. The Buddha rejected all the religious ideas at his time. Assess this view. In my opinion the Buddha did reject a lot of religious ideas at his time but not all of them and he used some ideas from other religions to form Buddhism. First of all I agree with this statement because he rejected some ideas from other religions including Hinduism. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Buddha also accepted Samsara, which formed from Hinduism. He accepted this idea but modified it slightly. The Buddha also accepted karma he taught actions have consequences. E.g. if you have been good in your previous life you should then have a good life this time, this was also taught by Hinduism so the Buddha also accepted this idea. The Buddha approved meditation similar to the Hindu way but the Buddha taught in a different way that was to deepen the Buddhist view of life. Like Hinduism the Buddha taught people that self-discipline was essential for life as it give respect understanding and respect. Overall I disagree with this statement as the Buddha did not disagree with all religious views. He rejected casts which in my opinion as is correct as everyone is equal and he did change some views from Hinduism but they were for the good. The Buddha also accepted many religious ideas as he accepted reincarnation, karma and many others so he did not reject all religious view. Overall I believe this statement is incorrect. ...read more.

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