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God does not play dice, discuss.

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Introduction

God does not play dice, discuss. The argument that we can prove god exists from the way in which our world is designed has existed for thousands of years. This is known as the design argument, or teleological argument for God. It is an a posteriori argument and considers that the world is not in existence by chance Socrates stated "with such signs of forethought in the design of our living creatures, can you doubt they are the work of choice and design?" However, many modern scientists argue against the existence of God, saying that science can crush the ideas of the God of classical theism, that is, benevolent, omnipotent and omniscient. In order to establish an opinion on whether God in fact does play dice, or whether everything on earth has been designed for its purpose, or maybe even question his existence at all, many theories have to be examined. St Thomas Aquinas argued the theory of design qua regularity, that is, that the regularity and order of the universe proves someone or some force must be at work to maintain this and this force must be God. St Thomas argues that just as a garden is kept in order by a gardener, the world must be kept in ...read more.

Middle

Tennant believed that evolution was caused by God, a natural progression to human life. He argues that how could animals evolve in such a huge change that their lungs jumped from sea to air, without a helping hand from a designer God. All this he described as a posteriori evidence and linked all evidence to create a wider teleogical argument for the existence of god by proof of a designer. "...it consists rather in the conspiration of innumerable causes to produce, by either united and reciprocal action, and to maintain, a general order of Nature." Tennant developed the Aesthetic argument to prove God's existence. This argued that humans possess the ability to appreciate poetry, nature, music, literature and art and these appreciations are not necessary for survival. Therefore, humans did not evolve by needs of survival to appreciate these things (evolution) so there must be a divine creator who rewards humanity with these beneficial and pleasurable enjoyments. Therefore he concludes that there must be a god of design behind the workings of the world. Richard Swinburne decided to use probability and chance theories to work out whether the world came about by chance or design. ...read more.

Conclusion

Kant muses that the universe may be in chaos, but our mind organises it into regularity, and that we cannot be certain of reality. Therefore, without certainty that the universe is regular, the design argument and the existence of a designer and God can be dismissed. In conclusion, I believe that Immanuel Kant's theory is the most acceptable. Without the knowledge of the order of the universe we cannot declare that there is a designer. On the Earth I believe Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, but how the earth came to exist so that it sustained the first living cell, is a comprehension I simply do not wish to undertake. I believe that science eventually will prove all of the theories in support of the God of classical theism wrong. For example, evolution proved wrong the theory that god made the perfect human without chance, and one day perhaps science will prove the theory that God supports evolution wrong. The belief in a God of Classical theism supports a belief that God is all loving, and hence our earth is not free from evil, so the fact God made earth proves against him designing it from a plan. I conclude that if there was a God, he made the earth taking chances, and did not undertake a series of carefully thought out plans. Ruth Naughton-Doe ...read more.

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