• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

God does not play dice, discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

God does not play dice, discuss. The argument that we can prove god exists from the way in which our world is designed has existed for thousands of years. This is known as the design argument, or teleological argument for God. It is an a posteriori argument and considers that the world is not in existence by chance Socrates stated "with such signs of forethought in the design of our living creatures, can you doubt they are the work of choice and design?" However, many modern scientists argue against the existence of God, saying that science can crush the ideas of the God of classical theism, that is, benevolent, omnipotent and omniscient. In order to establish an opinion on whether God in fact does play dice, or whether everything on earth has been designed for its purpose, or maybe even question his existence at all, many theories have to be examined. St Thomas Aquinas argued the theory of design qua regularity, that is, that the regularity and order of the universe proves someone or some force must be at work to maintain this and this force must be God. St Thomas argues that just as a garden is kept in order by a gardener, the world must be kept in ...read more.

Middle

Tennant believed that evolution was caused by God, a natural progression to human life. He argues that how could animals evolve in such a huge change that their lungs jumped from sea to air, without a helping hand from a designer God. All this he described as a posteriori evidence and linked all evidence to create a wider teleogical argument for the existence of god by proof of a designer. "...it consists rather in the conspiration of innumerable causes to produce, by either united and reciprocal action, and to maintain, a general order of Nature." Tennant developed the Aesthetic argument to prove God's existence. This argued that humans possess the ability to appreciate poetry, nature, music, literature and art and these appreciations are not necessary for survival. Therefore, humans did not evolve by needs of survival to appreciate these things (evolution) so there must be a divine creator who rewards humanity with these beneficial and pleasurable enjoyments. Therefore he concludes that there must be a god of design behind the workings of the world. Richard Swinburne decided to use probability and chance theories to work out whether the world came about by chance or design. ...read more.

Conclusion

Kant muses that the universe may be in chaos, but our mind organises it into regularity, and that we cannot be certain of reality. Therefore, without certainty that the universe is regular, the design argument and the existence of a designer and God can be dismissed. In conclusion, I believe that Immanuel Kant's theory is the most acceptable. Without the knowledge of the order of the universe we cannot declare that there is a designer. On the Earth I believe Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, but how the earth came to exist so that it sustained the first living cell, is a comprehension I simply do not wish to undertake. I believe that science eventually will prove all of the theories in support of the God of classical theism wrong. For example, evolution proved wrong the theory that god made the perfect human without chance, and one day perhaps science will prove the theory that God supports evolution wrong. The belief in a God of Classical theism supports a belief that God is all loving, and hence our earth is not free from evil, so the fact God made earth proves against him designing it from a plan. I conclude that if there was a God, he made the earth taking chances, and did not undertake a series of carefully thought out plans. Ruth Naughton-Doe ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. "If God made the world, then he must be absent without leave!" Write an ...

    * Status Of Humans: Evolution suggests that the human race has evolved from apes, thus belittling the human race, whereas the Bible dignifies the human race by saying that we were purposefully created last by God, after everything else had been brought into existence, so that everything would be prepared for us.

  2. 'An analysis of arguments for the existence of God will result in valid philosophical ...

    They are ambiguous and can be interpreted variously. There are strong arguments against the validity of religious experience: they could well be the manifestation of psychological needs.

  1. What does St. Thomas Aquinas consider to be the nature and methodology of the ...

    " (IIa. IIae., 1, 9, ad.i.) Both see the scriptures as having more than one meaning (I.q.1, a.10 and Neuner-Dupuis, 2001.Pp.104-216). Those of scripture and tradition. That whilst the scriptures "were composed by mere human industry" (Neuner-Dupuis, 2001.Pp.104-216). They were approved as they were written with the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, with God as the author.

  2. The Nature of God Religious Studies Coursework. I am going to explain, discuss and ...

    A is building with building-stones; there are blocks, pillars, slabs and beams. B has to pass the stones, and that in the order in which A needs them. For this purpose they use a language consisting of the words 'block', 'pillar', 'slab', 'beam'.

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    Any criticism of God would have to be based along the lines that somehow he should have created more than he did-which seems rather strange. Any criticism of God would be based along the lines that God should have some how created more than he did, but there are many

  2. The Teleological Argument.

    Some American scientists say, 'The world occurred due to the falling of another planet. As the planet disintegrated into a black hole, this threw gas particles into the air, which combined and formed the universe.' Also, in order to survive organisms have to reproduce; this shows that they have a purpose.

  1. Does God exist and if so where is He - where can He be ...

    God is Real - Here is How to Find Him Dear reader, God is real and wants you to know Him personally. But where do we find Him? We find God in Jesus Christ. We can know that there is a God, and who God is, because the eternal God entered history and introduced Himself personally through Jesus Christ.

  2. "Design and the working out of an underlying purpose is evident in the world. ...

    The Philosopher F.R. Tennant developed the Anthropic principle. Tennant believed that there were three types of natural evidence in the world in favour of a divine designer. These are: 1. The fact that the world can be analysed in a rational manner 2. The way in which the inorganic world has provided the necessities required to sustain life 3.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work