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Hajj Coursework

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Introduction

Kayleigh Croasdale Hajj Coursework Mr Eastwood A1 Hajj literally means to travel towards God. The hajj or pilgrimage to Makkah is a central duty of Islam whose origins date back to the prophet Abraham. This once in a lifetime journey brings together Muslims of all races, back rounds and tongues for one of life's most moving spiritual experiences. By participating in hajj Muslims submit themselves to Allah. The hajj to Makkah is a once in a life time obligation for male and female adults whose health and means permit it, or in the words of the Qur'an "upon those who can make their own way there For fourteen centuries, countless millions of Muslims both men and women from all over the world have made the vital pilgrimage to Makkah, the birthplace of Islam. In carrying out this obligation, they fulfil one of the five pillars of Islam or central religious duties of the believer. ." However the journey is not an obligation on children, though some children do accompany their parents on hajj. The pilgrimage takes place each year between the 8th and 13th days of Dhu al Hijjah, which is the 12th month of the Muslim lunar. ...read more.

Middle

On this day muslims around the world share the happiness the pilgrims feel and join them by performing identical individual sacrifices in a worldwide celebration of "Id al-Adha", the "Festival of Sacrifice." It is now custom at this point to journey through Mina returning to Makkah for another essential right of the hajj: the tawaff, the seven- fold circling of the Ka'ba, with a prayer recited during circuiting. Whilst making their circuits some Muslims choose to kiss or touch the Black Stone. After completing the tawaf, pilgrims then pray at the Station of Abraham, and then they drink the water of Zamzam. Another and sometimes final right a pilgrim may accomplish is the sa'y, or the "running." They now return to Mina, where they stay up to the 12th or 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. There they throw their remaining pebbles at each of the pillars, they then take leave of the friends they have made during the Hajj before leaving Makkah, however pilgrims usually make a final tawaf round the Ka'ba to bid farewell to the holy city. B1 On the first day of hajj the pilgrims generally spend their time meditating and preying, as this is what the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) ...read more.

Conclusion

But perhaps the single most important reason for kissing the stone is because the prophet Muhammad did so. The sa'y, or the "running" is a re-enactment of a memorable episode in the life of Hagar, who was taken into what the Qur'an call the "uncultivable valley" of Makkah, with her infant son Ishmael, to settle there. The sa'y commemorates Hagar's frantic search for water to quench Ishmael's thirst. She ran back and forth seven times between two rocky hillocks, "al-Safa" and "al-Marwah", until she found the sacred water known as Zamzam. This water, which sprang forth miraculously under Ishmael's tiny feet, is now enclosed in a marble chamber in the Ka'ba. When the pilgrims return to Mina they throw the remaining pebbles at each of the pillars in the manner either practiced or approved by the Prophet. Before or after going to Makkah, pilgrims may also take the opportunity provided by the hajj to visit the Prophet's mosque in Madinah, the second holiest city in Islam. Here, the prophet lies buried in a simple grave under the green dome of the mosque. The visit to Madinah is not obligatory, as it is not part of the hajj but the city-, which welcomed Muhammad when he migrated there from Makkah. ...read more.

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