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Hajj Fini Coursework

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Introduction

A: DESCRIBE WHAT HAPPPENS WHEN MUSLIMS PERFORM THE HAJJ - PILRIMAGE [AO1 40] INTRODUCTION TO THE HAJJ - PILGRIMAGE The Hajj - pilgrimage is to Mecca in Saudi Arabia, "the word pilgrimage means to set out with a definite purpose"- Hajj - pilgrimage makes up the fifth and last pillar of Islam, however the "Hajj - pilgrimage is the only act of worship prescribed by Islam", that is non-compulsory, as the other four pillars of Islam are all obligatory, and should be undertaken by every Muslims whereas, just Muslims who meet the 'guidelines' are supposed to attend the Hajj - pilgrimage, at least once in their life-time, the 'guidelines' that have to be met in order for a Muslim to be present at Hajj - pilgrimage, are as follows: "The Muslim wanting to attend the Hajj - pilgrimage, must be able to afford the costs, provided there is safety and security for travel and that adequate funds are left behind for dependants whilst they are away from home, also this duty must be undertaken by all Muslims who are physically and mentally able to do so." Therefore, due to these 'guidelines' not every Muslim, worldwide, is present at the Hajj - pilgrimage, during the "first days of the lunar month of Dhu'l Hijjah, with its climax on the ninth of that month", however there are normally in excess of two million first time Hajji's per year, with more being expected every year. This is due to particular funding and sponsorship committees set up in Muslim countries, in which under there own discretion pay for Muslims who have never been on the Hajj - pilgrimage, as they are unable to meet the 'guidelines'. However "those who cannot, for genuine reasons, make the journey have only to declare that it is their Niyyah, their sincere heartfelt intention, to go on Hajj - pilgrimage, and the duty is considered to have been fulfilled." ...read more.

Middle

The stand on Arafat is symbolic also as it enables Pilgrims to envisage the mercy of God -Allah at Judgement Day. As Pilgrims stand on the plain from noon until sunset pleading for pity due to, bad deeds done prior to Hajj - pilgrimage. Represents Judgement Day in which the entire Muslim Ummah shall face after Barzakah, equal wearing Ihram, once one passed through Judgement Day and has reached Jannah, the test set by God - Allah, is over. Performing the Tawaf Widaa after retrunning from Arafat, in which signifyies the Farewell to the Hajj - pilgrimage, is an important rite as is it demonstrates the Islamic Ummah in the worship of the One God - Allah. The "Farewell Tawaf" is also an important rite within the Hajj - pilgrimage, because it celebrates all the Pilgrims effort put in over the course of the Hajj - pilgrimage, in which is both mentally and physically challenging, in order to complete the fifth pillar of Islam. However there are also other events undertaken by Pilgrims on Hajj - pilgrimage in which have symbolic importances such as: The Sa'y - run in which rein acts the story of Hagard and Isma'il. Hagar was a captured royal princess taken into slavery and presented to Ibrahim by his first wife Sarah, to become his second wife, whom the polygamous Ibrahim had a son by called, Isma'il. Though due to Sarah's envy of Hajard's son Isma'il God - Allah told Ibrahim to flee Canaan with Hajard and her son, to Bakka, were they lived for a while, until Ibrahim believed it was time he left Hajard and Isma'il to live by them-selves. Time passed and the supplies in which Ibrahim gave Hajard and Isma'il ran out, and due to the weather in the dessert Isma'il became dehydrated and was dying of thirst, therefore even though Hajar was also thirsty and exhausted, she ran frantically seven times between the two hills of Safa and Marwa, in search of water and passers-by for aid. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore Religion should be used to combat these prejudices in the world. However if ones Hajj - pilgrimage is primarily centred around their own liberation then it causes egotism to occur. "A true Hajj -pilgrimage," is said to be one in which is not a private journey, instead a social encounter involving the entire Muslim Ummah, "We best discover ourselves and God through relating to others." The symbolic meanings of the teachings of the Hajj - pilgrimage rites, such as Love, Forgiveness and Faith can only be developed within a community and not within oneself solely. I conclude, this statement could provide diverse opinions, depending on how one's perspective of what is to be considered "a true Hajj - pilgrimage" and whether the meaning of "a journey within" is to be taken literally or not. Though, due to the strong points raised in this section, For the statement - "a true Hajj - pilgrimage is really a journey within," I concur that, "a true hajj - pilgrimage is really a journey within," however by no means is this statement a hundred percent accurate, as both the arguments raised Against the statement - "a true hajj - pilgrimage is really a journey within," were also worthy arguments used to question points raised, For the statement, however the Pros over weighed the Cons. BIBLIOGRAPHY AUTHOR TITLE DR PATEL INTERVIEW - HIS PERSONAL EXPERIENCE OF THE HAJJ JANET GREEN ISLAM - G.C.S.E RELIGIOUS STUDIES NEIL ROBINSON AN INTRODUCTION TO ISLAM SUZANNE HANEET WHAT EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT ISLAM ROSALYN KENDRICK ISLAM - EXAMINING RELIGIONS R.S. DEPARTMENT THE HAJJ COURSEWORK HANDOUT BOOKLET RUQAIYYAH WARIS MAQSOOD ISLAM - A DICTIONARY SUZANNE HANEET WHAT EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT ISLAM VICTOR W. WATTON ISLAM - A STUDENT'S APPROACH TO WORLD RELIGIONS WEBPAGE ADDRESS HTTP://EN.WIKIPEDIA.ORG/WIKI/MAIN_PAGE CONTENTS PAGE A: DESCRIBE WHAT HAPPPENS WHEN MUSLIMS PERFORM THE HAJJ - PILRIMAGE [AO1 40] PAGES 1 - 3 B: EXPLAIN THE IMPORTNANCE OF THE HAJJ - PILGRIMAGE FOR MUSLIMS AND THE WAYS IN WHICH IT AFFECTS THEIR LIVES [AO2 35] PAGES 4 - 7 C: "A TRUE HAJJ - PILGRIMAGE IS REALLY A JOURNEY WITHIN. ...read more.

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