• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hajj - Pilgrimage to Mecca

Extracts from this document...


1930. Paper 6: Islam, "Hajj - Pilgrimage to Mecca" By Adil Naeem Centre Number: 20149, Candidate Number: 0064 (a) (i) What is Hajj? The literal explanation of Hajj is "to set out with a definite purpose". Hajj is a duty of every Muslim and it is compulsory in the religion of Islam. It consists of a Muslim to stand before God at Mount Arafat once in his lifetime. The Hajj is a pilgrimage where a Muslim must be completely concentrated on God, and only God. Every normal activity must be stopped so that all focus must be on God. Hajj consists of a few days and happens between the 8 and 13 Dhul-Hijjah. In 2003, next year, Hajj will take place between the 10th-15th of February. Hajj is also known as the pilgrimage to Mecca, which is a city in Saudi Arabia. If a person performs Hajj at times other than between the 8 and 13 Dhul-Hijjah, then the pilgrimage is known and Umrah. It is a less important than Hajj in terms of religious significance and is generally a less holy pilgrimage. You will not get the same awards that you would if you performed Hajj than if you performed Umrah. The first important historical moment surrounding Hajj dates back to the beginning of man. It concerned Adam and Eve, the first woman and man on earth. After Adam and Eve had given into the devil's temptation they were banished from paradise and were not allowed to return, then for years they wandered the earth without comfort and in separation. Once they realised what separation from God actually was like, they prayed for forgiveness, that they be accepted and be in the presence of God. God forgave them, and they reunited with God at Mt. Arafat. It is here at Mt Arafat that Adam and Eve built the first house to worship God, known as the Ka'bah, to show their gratitude to God for forgiving them. ...read more.


Then when all hope was lost, the angel Jibril appeared and showed her a spring of water, this spring is known as the ZamZam well. Muslims perform Sa'i so that they can feel the problems and difficulties that Hajar did. Hajar's frantic running symbolizes the soul's desperate search for which gives true life, the search answers to the questions of life. Therefore with the Muslims running, it is as if they are searching for what gives true life, searching for answers. Pilgrims collect water from the ZamZam well in the courtyard of the Great Mosque in Makkah, they drink this water and take it home. They do this because the ZamZam well was the well that Hajar used to quench her son's thirst when he was nearly dead, it is believed that the angel Jibril showed Hajar this well. This symbolises the hope and truth when all may believe that is lost, it shows that God is still watching and caring. So if Muslims drink the water and go to the well it might give them the feeling that God is always watching and caring and will never leave you even if you facing the most difficult of times. Pilgrims travel to the plain of Arafat because this was the place that Adam and Eve were reunited when they were separated by God, this was also the place that God forgave them and accepted back again. Pilgrims go here so that they also can have there sins forgiven as so did Adam and Eve, the period in which the pilgrims stand under God so that there sins can be forgiven is known as Wuquf. Muslims travel to Muzdalifah and pick up pebbles and then travel to Mina and stone the three pillars, because the pillars represent the devil, so by stoning the pillars it represents getting rid of and banishing the devil so that it would not bother the Muslim. ...read more.


As along as Muslims have these qualities, then a Sufi's pilgrimage is complete. Sufism preaches that the mystical inside experience which Sufi's get is a true pilgrimage, rather than it being an external journey, as long as the intention is there. Sufism preaches that God's power draws Muslims from normal life and makes them forget everything else and only concentrate on God. Sufism preaches that there is a lot of mysticism around God's effect on Muslims. They preach that there is an active presence of God within them. When looking at Christianity, there isn't any real specific pilgrimage. As long as the Christian gains what he wants to gain, it can be counted as a true pilgrimage. For example many Christians go on retreats, which is sort of day full of learning about God. Some Christians may consider that a true pilgrimage is simply a quiet day in a church, they feel that this makes them closer to God. In conclusion I would say that yes, the physical journey of the Hajj is always a true pilgrimage of Muslims. This is because you cannot experience the things that you do in Hajj at home. By going on Hajj you are following the footsteps of prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and feel what his life is like and the travels and journeys he performed, which you cannot do at home. The going on Hajj is the act of 'ibadah', an act of worship, submission and obedience. By going on Hajj the Muslim develops faith in Allah and he feels he can trust him, which you cannot do elsewhere. Necessary prayers cannot be accepted to the greater extent if a person does them while going to Hajj. A true pilgrimage of a Muslim must be to complete Hajj, it cannot be something else, because it is said by Allah that performing Hajj is a necessity, and if it is a necessity it must be done. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hajj section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hajj essays

  1. Explain why Christians go on pilgrimage and the benefits they receive from going.

    The people also sing, 'Ave, Ave, Ave, Maria', this song is loud enough to be heard all over Lourdes. The point of this is to show a slow moving, holy river of light with the sound of God ringing out from it.

  2. Hajj and its importance to Muslims?

    On the second day the pilgrims travel to the plain of Arafat. Arafat is a very hot dessert with a mountain in the centre called the mount of Mercy. Pilgrims must be there for the period from Noon to dusk on 9 Dhul Hijjah.

  1. The Hajj

    Worship of Allah is manifested in all aspects and actions of Hajj. It is displayed in the act of performing the imposed rites in obedience. This worship embodies the very essence of creation as indicated in the Quranic verse where Allah states, he has created the jinn (devil)

  2. Five Pillars of Islam.

    Ramadan is traditionally a time when Muslims try to devote themselves to meditation, prayer, and reading the Quran. The Quran was revealded in this month to Muhammed. Fasting makes Muslims appreciate God's generosity in giving us the gift of food, which can all too easily be taken for granted.

  1. Describe what is involved in performing Hajj.

    Before starting the pilgrims drink from taps fed from the Zam-Zam well. AL-Safa is on one side of the great mosque, approximately 200 yards from it whereas Al-Marwah is on the opposite side approximately 150 yards from it. They run between the two hills seven times starting at Al-Safa.

  2. Why do Muslims go on Hajj?

    You begin at a place just outside Mecca called the Miqat, or entry station to the Hajj. There you bathe, put on the Ihram (the special white clothes), make the intention for Umra and begin reciting the Talbiya Du'a.

  1. A pilgrimage is a journey to a holy place for a religious reason. A ...

    nation", Our Lady requested the solemn public Consecration of Russia to Her Immaculate Heart by the Pope and all the Catholic bishops of the world. She also asked that the Faithful practice a new devotion of reparation on the first Saturday of five consecutive months ("the Five First Saturdays")

  2. Explain the meaning and significance of Hajj for a Muslim

    Plus the rules of Ihram will help to keep a Muslim on the straight path of life (Shariah).This means they will be able to set examples to other Muslims and become truly humble before Allah. The Talbiyah is repeated as Muslims enter Makkah to keep their mind on God and their submission and mercy before him.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work