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Health in London between 1850 and 1910 - source based work.

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Introduction

1) SOURCE A - WHY SPEED WAS SO IMPORTANT IN AMPUTATIONS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 19TH CENTURY. (1) Speed was important in amputations because during operations in the 19th Century there were no anesthetics in the 19th century so surgery was very painful. Speed meant less pain. If the operations were big they lasted long, the patients struggled a lot and were not able enough to hold down for a certain amount of time. So complex operations did not take place only amputations did. Doctors thought the shock of the knives kept the patients alive. 2) a) SOURCE B - WHAT OBSTACLE TO MEDICAL PROGRESS DOES THIS SOURCE SUGGEST? (1) This source suggests that the doctor's attitudes towards Lister's new ideas were hostile. The surgeons did not except the ideas and made fun of them. They had an ignorant attitude and lack of knowledge, which then prevented medical processes from being made because they would not accept new ideas. 2) b) HOW DOES IT HELP TO EXPLAIN THE CONTINUED HIGH DEATH RATES FROM SURGERY AFTER LISTER'S INTRODUCTION OF CARBOLIC ACID AS AN ANTISEPTIC? (2) Nothing had changed because the surgeons had not used the new ideas, which led to more people dying. They were ignorant of the new ideas and made jokes about them and they had lack of knowledge because they treated the useful ideas with disdain and were not prepared to use them. ...read more.

Middle

Both sources agree poverty is to blame. 6) SOURCE G - WHICH SOURCE COULD BE BEST, USED TO SUPPORT THE EVIDENCE PROVIDED BY THIS SOURCE? (5) I think source b would be a good source to compare source g to. Source b the medical professionals did not listen to Lister's new ideas so many people kept dying which showed ignorance and lack of knowledge of the medical professionals because they prevented progress. In source g Snow's ideas were ignored but some gained a little attention. Source b is a good source to back up source g because it shows the attitude towards Medical officer. They are the people who are meant to listen to new ideas and co-operate but instead they are ignoring. On the other hand I think source c would a good source to back up source g because it shows ignorance of ordinary people and also lack of knowledge because for every illness they use the same cheap and uneffective medication called JOLOP. 7) ALL SOURCES - SOURCE F STATES "AT THE HEART OF THE PROBLEM OF PUBLIC HEALTH LAY OVERCROWDING". TAKEN TOGETHER, DO THESE SOURCES SUPPORT THIS VIEW, OR DO THEY SUGGEST THAT IT IS WRONG OR THAT IT IS ONLY A PARTIAL EXPLANATION OF ILL HEALTH IN LONDON BETWEEN 1850 AND 1910? EXPLAIN WHETHER AND WHY YOU WOULD WANT OTHER TYPES OF EVIDENCE TO JUDGE THIS STATEMENT? ...read more.

Conclusion

The problem with source d was that it was an autobiography this could be a problem because they can make it sound interesting and could be famous and earn money by making up things and exaggerating. So you can't believe this source. Lastly source e, which was told by a medical officer, he was a middle class person but does not like the poor and does not like dirt. He thinks too much of himself and he seems to be biased-one sided he says that the poor bring the problems on to themselves. All these sources are based around East End of London and only one hospital was looked at. London is a very big city and there are many more hospitals in London. This shows that those people are only based in the poorer parts of London. If I had used Census data it would show to me the percentage of death rates whether they increased or decreased with or without new ideas used. I would compare the death rates of east London to other parts of London; compare the health in the hospital I studied to another hospital. I can also find out how many people live in each house. This will show hoe overcrowded an area is. With the Census data I will be able to research the main causes, overcrowding, poverty and lack of knowledge and whether it had increased or decreased over the years in the London areas. Hanna Iqbal 11RV ...read more.

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