• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Certain Can We Be About Science?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Certain Can We Be About Science? For centuries humankind has questioned the universe around it. This has given rise to a new faith, a faith known as Scientism, the unquestioning belief that science is correct in every matter and cannot be disproved. Yet, there are many things which cannot be explained by science and which science cannot deal with. The main aim of a scientist is to come up with some principle or theory which can explain the behaviour of a section of the universe, such as the behaviour of a gas when it is heated. To do this a scientist must first formulate a hypothesis from observation of the universe, then prove it to be true by carrying out experimentation in a controlled environment to create a theory. ...read more.

Middle

Thus science is limited only to the parts of the world that exist to the eye, it cannot question that which only exists in the mind, the soul or outside this universe. Science cannot even prove that the universe exists. The philosopher Rene Descartes questioned the existence of the universe and wither or not what we know as the world is real. He concluded that if you are experiencing something, then you must exist in order to experience it, or as he put it "Cogito ergo sum" or "I think therefore I am". There is no way for a scientist, using the scientific method, to prove that what is known, as the world is not a dream or an illusion. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is also a major flaw in the scientific method. The human body gives out heat, reflects light, absorbs Oxygen and creates Carbon Dioxide. The very presence of a person in a room will increase the temperature, alter the air flow patterns in the room and alter the O2 to CO2 ratio. In an experiment these factors can severely alter the results of an experiment. This is known as Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and means that no scientific experiment can be carried out with complete accuracy as the act of observing the experiment alters the conditions in which is carried out. Overall, we can never be certain about science. Different people see the same thing in different ways and it is impossible to create the perfect conditions for accurate experimentation, proving that scientism is a flawed belief. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is ...

    For example, there is no one more certain than myself whether I am in love or not, and passionate conviction will only strengthen this belief.

  2. Why are tensions between science and religion so persistent? Why do rivalries between science ...

    The Church was outraged. They proclaimed this information invalid, and thus began the conflict between evolution and creationism. Most religious believers during the 19th century believed that humans were made in the image and likeness of God, and thus enjoyed a privileged status over lower form of species.

  1. An Introduction To Science and Religion.

    obvious discovery of red-shift in the universe which ultimately proves that it is not steady, but expanding. However, they cannot disprove it as such, although they have a good idea that it may be incorrect because of red-shift. Were the Steady State Theory to be correct, there must be an ultimate cause; which seems to point to a religious cause.

  2. Religion & Science'.

    'It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him' (Genesis 2:18) The Bible explains that humans were made from the dust from ground like every other creature. However, they were god's special creation as they were in the image of

  1. To what extent the Hare Krishna movement can be described as a cult

    The Church of Christ, Scientist boldly published A Century of Christian Science Healings, announcing the healings of hundreds of people through Mary Baker Eddy's methodology. The Way International boasted of signs and wonders, including people raised from the dead. The followers of Sun Myung Moon are immersed in visions of the "True Parents" (Moon and his wife)

  2. Preliminary Interpretation of Descartes Meditations

    being awake from asleep, that I am confused and this feeling of confusion almost confirms me in believing that I am asleep" He then goes on to say, suppose we are just dreaming and that we do not have such hands or bodies, however the things which we see when

  1. The French philosopher Rene Descartes

    For whether I am awake or dreaming, 2 and 3 are 5, a square has no more than four sides, and it does not seem possible that truths so evident can ever be suspected of falsity. Yet even these truths can be questioned.

  2. Is Science a formal study based on observation and experiment

    However, every hypothesis based on scientific methods need not always be correct. The core element of a scientific hypothesis is that it must be capable of being proven false. For example, the Ptolemaic Earth- Centered System observed that people living on the Earth feel no sensation of motion and that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work