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How Far did the Condition of the Church in 1515 Suggest that the Reformation was likely?

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A.K.W. James Whittaker How Far did the Condition of the Church in 1515 Suggest that the Reformation was likely? In the first half of the sixteenth century Western Europe experienced a wide range of social, artistic, political changes as the result of a conflict within the Catholic church. One of these conflicts was the reformation in Germany. This conflict is called the Protestant Reformation, and the Catholic response to it is called the Counter-Reformation. In the 16th century the church was in fact undergoing a boom in popularity. Indeed there was no widespread discontent over the teachings of the church before the Reformation. The role of the church at this time was to prepare you for the next life. The teachings of the day told that you were born a sinner. Originally was something that one could not escape from full stop being baptised in after birth went some way to removing sin and by following the basic Christian teachings during your life one could hope to ascend to heaven after death. The church had built up a very strong influence due to Christianity being spred throughout the entire roman empire. ...read more.


The leaders of the Church decided that he must withdraw his Ninety-Five theses. Luther refused. Luther was summoned to an imperial Diet in Augsburg in 1518. Luther was told to change his ideas, which he refused to do. The Diet declared him an outlaw and told him to go home where he could possibly be arrested and even killed. On his way home he disappeared. What had started as a furious attempt to reform the church overnight turned into a project of building a new church independent of the Catholic Church. While Germany struggled under the political and religious consequences of Luther's reform movement, the movement itself quickly spilled out of the German borders into neighbouring Switzerland. At the time, Switzerland was not a single country but a confederacy of thirteen city-states called cantons. When Luther's ideas began to pour over the border, several of the cantons broke from the Catholic Church and became Protestant while other cantons remained firmly Catholic. Of the cantons that adopted Luther's new movement, the most important and powerful was the city-state of Zurich under the leadership of Ulrich Zwingli. ...read more.


Calvin believed that God was the almighty and that the individual had no power to change his destiny. He was dedicated to reform of the church and he got his chance to build a reformed church when the citizens of Geneva revolted against their rulers in the 1520's. The Genevans, however, unlike the citizens of Zurich, Bern, Basel, and other cities that became Protestant in the 1520's, didn't speak German, but mostly French-speakers. Because of their language difference, they did not have close cultural ties with the reformed churches in Germany and Switzerland. His most important work involved the organization of the church and the social organization of the church and the city. He was, the first major political thinker to model social organization entirely on the Bible. By the mid-1550's, Geneva was thoroughly Calvinist in thought and structure. It became the most important Protestant center of Europe in the sixteenth century, for Protestants had been driven out of their native countries of France, England, Scotland, and the Netherlands all came to Geneva to live. The Catholic Church was not surprised by the results of the Reformation. It had been steadily battling opposition, and resistance for over four hundred years. Much of the opposition against the church ...read more.

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