• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Far did the Condition of the Church in 1515 Suggest that the Reformation was likely?

Extracts from this document...


A.K.W. James Whittaker How Far did the Condition of the Church in 1515 Suggest that the Reformation was likely? In the first half of the sixteenth century Western Europe experienced a wide range of social, artistic, political changes as the result of a conflict within the Catholic church. One of these conflicts was the reformation in Germany. This conflict is called the Protestant Reformation, and the Catholic response to it is called the Counter-Reformation. In the 16th century the church was in fact undergoing a boom in popularity. Indeed there was no widespread discontent over the teachings of the church before the Reformation. The role of the church at this time was to prepare you for the next life. The teachings of the day told that you were born a sinner. Originally was something that one could not escape from full stop being baptised in after birth went some way to removing sin and by following the basic Christian teachings during your life one could hope to ascend to heaven after death. The church had built up a very strong influence due to Christianity being spred throughout the entire roman empire. ...read more.


The leaders of the Church decided that he must withdraw his Ninety-Five theses. Luther refused. Luther was summoned to an imperial Diet in Augsburg in 1518. Luther was told to change his ideas, which he refused to do. The Diet declared him an outlaw and told him to go home where he could possibly be arrested and even killed. On his way home he disappeared. What had started as a furious attempt to reform the church overnight turned into a project of building a new church independent of the Catholic Church. While Germany struggled under the political and religious consequences of Luther's reform movement, the movement itself quickly spilled out of the German borders into neighbouring Switzerland. At the time, Switzerland was not a single country but a confederacy of thirteen city-states called cantons. When Luther's ideas began to pour over the border, several of the cantons broke from the Catholic Church and became Protestant while other cantons remained firmly Catholic. Of the cantons that adopted Luther's new movement, the most important and powerful was the city-state of Zurich under the leadership of Ulrich Zwingli. ...read more.


Calvin believed that God was the almighty and that the individual had no power to change his destiny. He was dedicated to reform of the church and he got his chance to build a reformed church when the citizens of Geneva revolted against their rulers in the 1520's. The Genevans, however, unlike the citizens of Zurich, Bern, Basel, and other cities that became Protestant in the 1520's, didn't speak German, but mostly French-speakers. Because of their language difference, they did not have close cultural ties with the reformed churches in Germany and Switzerland. His most important work involved the organization of the church and the social organization of the church and the city. He was, the first major political thinker to model social organization entirely on the Bible. By the mid-1550's, Geneva was thoroughly Calvinist in thought and structure. It became the most important Protestant center of Europe in the sixteenth century, for Protestants had been driven out of their native countries of France, England, Scotland, and the Netherlands all came to Geneva to live. The Catholic Church was not surprised by the results of the Reformation. It had been steadily battling opposition, and resistance for over four hundred years. Much of the opposition against the church ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. What Was The Condition Of The Roman Catholic Church In England In 1529?

    There is however some evidence that Lollard beliefs were still in circulation in some rural areas amongst the lower classes. There is little evidence that they had any influence in England and don't appear to have been a major part of the reformation.

  2. "Calvin's success in Geneva was due to the organisation and disciplineOf the movement rather ...

    He was greatly influenced by Erasmus, Luther and Bucer but not Zwingli, for whom he had little respect. Calvin did not have an original mind, but he knew how to avoid the theological confusion and complexities, which surrounded the first generation of Protestant thinkers.

  1. ''Luther, more than anyone, was to blame for the schism.''

    So, on All Saint's Day 1517, he pinned the Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the church in Wittenburg. Through these theses he effectively challenged the beliefs of the church, which was a bold step for any person to take in those days.

  2. English Reformation

    that hostility against the clergy was not uncommon, and the abuses were certainly not new. Any organisation that had ample clergymen are nevertheless bound to have people who abuse their power. Given the fact that the majority of the clergy were literate, it was probably a custom for monarchs to

  1. The storm-troopers of the counter reformation. Is this an accurate description of the Jesuits?

    separately from the counter reforms the church was pursuing at the time. Ignatius Loyola was the creator of the Society of Jesus and he established a group that was based on his strong will, determination and the military discipline he had been indoctrinated with in the army.

  2. essential elements of 'Calvinism'

    However, this statement is not to say that Calvin was in agreement with Luther who regarded the believer was fed with the physical substance of Christ - transubstantiation, Calvin saw the bread and wine as a "real but spiritual substance" (Lotherington), that the believer consumed at the Eucharist.

  1. Were abuses the source of the Reformation?

    For the laity, this particular abuse must have been frustrating and it was often down to nothing but politics amongst the aristocracy. Again extreme examples are apparently the main ones that crop up and the publication "Supplication for the Beggars" shows discontent in 1528.

  2. To what extent was the destruction of privilege the most important consequence of the ...

    Nobles who emigrated had their land confiscated and sold off; this was also another source of income for the government. Many bourgeois bought church land; this was not exclusive to the bourgeois as many peasants also seized the opportunity to purchase cheap land.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work