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How valid do you think the Cosmological Argument is as proof for the existence of God?

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Introduction

How valid do you think the Cosmological Argument is as proof for the existence of God? The cosmological argument is a classical argument for the existence of God. It is also referred to as the first cause argument. The cosmological argument concludes Gods existence from a posteriori premise. A posteriori means an argument in which the truth of a proposition may only be known to be true after empirical data has been used to prove the proposition true or false. The argument is a posteriori because it is based upon what we can see in the world and universe. The argument is based upon the fact that there was a first cause behind the existence of the universe. The classic, basic cosmological argument is as follows. Things come into existence because something caused them to occur, and that things are caused to exist, but they do not have to exist. There is a chain of events that goes back to the beginning of time, and time began when the universe was created. We know the universe came about around 15 billion years ago. There must have been a first cause that brought the universe into creation. ...read more.

Middle

He concluded that if God did not exist, then nothing would exist. The Kalam is an Arabic term which means to argue or discuss. The Muslim scholar's al-Kindi (9th Century CE) and al-Ghazali (CE 1058-1111) developed the Kalam argument to explain God's creation of the universe. The kalam argument is cosmological because it seeks to prove that God was the first cause of the universe. William Lane Craig developed the modern version of the argument in his book, The Kalam cosmological argument (1979). The first part of his argument is as follows. The present would not exist in an actual infinite universe, because successive additions cannot be added to an actual infinite. The present does exist, as result of a chronological series of past events. The universe must be finite, and a finite universe must have a beginning. Whatever began the universe had a first cause, as things cannot cause themselves. Therefore, the universe had a first cause of its existence. Craig said the first cause was God. Craig argued that if the universe did not have a beginning, then the past must consist of a series of events that is actually, and not merely potentially, infinite. ...read more.

Conclusion

God would be a casual being outside space and time, as we understand it. Therefore, it would be impossible for people to have any knowledge of what God created or of God himself. The big bang theory provides a scientific explanation for the beginning of the universe. Supporters of the cosmological argument use it to prove the existence of God. Both people for and against the cosmological argument use it to support both of there arguments. Scientific evidence has proved the beginning of our universe. But the debate is whether this was caused by random chance or by a divine figure. Was the big bang caused by a spontaneous random event, or by God? Some philosophers argue that even if there was a first cause of the universe, there is no proof that it is God of classical theism. The first cause could be anything. Hume argued that the first cause, if there was one, could be material, physical rather than God. The material world as its own cause is just as satisfactory an explanation for God. Brian Davies took the position that the cosmological argument cannot stand alone as a proof for the existence of God. He says it would have to be supported by other evidence. Davies says that perhaps the design argument may be further evidence to establish the existence of God. ...read more.

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