• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How valid do you think the Cosmological Argument is as proof for the existence of God?

Extracts from this document...


How valid do you think the Cosmological Argument is as proof for the existence of God? The cosmological argument is a classical argument for the existence of God. It is also referred to as the first cause argument. The cosmological argument concludes Gods existence from a posteriori premise. A posteriori means an argument in which the truth of a proposition may only be known to be true after empirical data has been used to prove the proposition true or false. The argument is a posteriori because it is based upon what we can see in the world and universe. The argument is based upon the fact that there was a first cause behind the existence of the universe. The classic, basic cosmological argument is as follows. Things come into existence because something caused them to occur, and that things are caused to exist, but they do not have to exist. There is a chain of events that goes back to the beginning of time, and time began when the universe was created. We know the universe came about around 15 billion years ago. There must have been a first cause that brought the universe into creation. ...read more.


He concluded that if God did not exist, then nothing would exist. The Kalam is an Arabic term which means to argue or discuss. The Muslim scholar's al-Kindi (9th Century CE) and al-Ghazali (CE 1058-1111) developed the Kalam argument to explain God's creation of the universe. The kalam argument is cosmological because it seeks to prove that God was the first cause of the universe. William Lane Craig developed the modern version of the argument in his book, The Kalam cosmological argument (1979). The first part of his argument is as follows. The present would not exist in an actual infinite universe, because successive additions cannot be added to an actual infinite. The present does exist, as result of a chronological series of past events. The universe must be finite, and a finite universe must have a beginning. Whatever began the universe had a first cause, as things cannot cause themselves. Therefore, the universe had a first cause of its existence. Craig said the first cause was God. Craig argued that if the universe did not have a beginning, then the past must consist of a series of events that is actually, and not merely potentially, infinite. ...read more.


God would be a casual being outside space and time, as we understand it. Therefore, it would be impossible for people to have any knowledge of what God created or of God himself. The big bang theory provides a scientific explanation for the beginning of the universe. Supporters of the cosmological argument use it to prove the existence of God. Both people for and against the cosmological argument use it to support both of there arguments. Scientific evidence has proved the beginning of our universe. But the debate is whether this was caused by random chance or by a divine figure. Was the big bang caused by a spontaneous random event, or by God? Some philosophers argue that even if there was a first cause of the universe, there is no proof that it is God of classical theism. The first cause could be anything. Hume argued that the first cause, if there was one, could be material, physical rather than God. The material world as its own cause is just as satisfactory an explanation for God. Brian Davies took the position that the cosmological argument cannot stand alone as a proof for the existence of God. He says it would have to be supported by other evidence. Davies says that perhaps the design argument may be further evidence to establish the existence of God. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Examine the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God St ...

    Copleston believed that there were contingent and non-contingent things in the universe. He believes that everything in the universe relies on something else making them contingent and can only be explained with reference to some cause or external reason. Therefore he claims that there must be cause or reason outside the universe for everything in the universe.

  2. What does it mean to say that God is 'necessary?'

    Therefore there mist have been something before time which caused the existence. Scientist think that the world began with the Big Bang, and that over the course of the universe we have undergone a process of evolution. Whether or not this theory is correct, the cosmological argument states that there

  1. The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument

    This is another possible scientific theory that doesn't mention a supreme being from where we came from and is used very often as evidence as to how everything came to be. A school of thought may argue that the God that Aquinas is describing is different from the religious Gods.

  2. Outline the Design Argument for the Existence of God

    A believer in the Anthropic Principle was Richard Swinburne. He believed that the law was governed by unwritten laws, and that as the universe is not chaotic, it just as easily could have been.

  1. The Cosmological Argument

    All of which Bertrand Russell agreed with. There are a number of objections as to why people may think that the cosmological argument cannot stand up to Humes & Bertrand's criticisms. In his book 'Dialogues on Natural Religion, IX', David Hume argued against the existence of God.

  2. If facts by themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in ...

    Yes it was the church that had provided proof, to the people of the time, through god' words and the bible, saying that the earth had to be the centre of the universe. So the statement 'the earth is the centre of the universe' is in fact a fact as long as someone thinks it is true.

  1. The Existence of God - questions and answers.

    this is bound to make them think that God must exist as all these people believe he does Many Christian parents also send their children to a church school. Here they will have R.E lessons which teach them that God exists and the children are likely to believe it because their teachers tell them it is true.

  2. There is no evidence for the existence of God. Discuss.

    ...,? Acts 9. Rudolf Otto used the word ?numinous? to describe these things. Some people are sceptical of this though. They say that there are other explanations and that this is all very odd. They can also say that as it is not personal to them so they themselves can?t know it is real.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work