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If an action is done as a result of affection, rather than as a result of obedience to a rule, can it be a moral action?

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Introduction

If an action is done as a result of affection, rather than as a result of obedience to a rule, can it be a moral action? If an action was done as a result of affection, rather than as a result of obedience to a rule, then the action would not be moral in a sense because it was out of affection - but obviously to the person who is doing the action - it would be seen as moral for they will see that they did it out of love. And it is for the reason that love is portrayed to be the strongest emotion, which in my opinion, it makes people use this as an excuse to do immoral things. The action was done neither from duty nor from direct inclination but merely from a selfish view. It is important to distinguish which are 'in accord with duty' from those done 'from duty', as Kant puts it. ...read more.

Middle

Some philosophers have held that in matters of morality, one should act upon one's inclinations. He/she should do that act pleases him/her, or which he/she wants to do in those circumstances but Kant strongly rejects such an account of morality. He feels that a person is acting morality only when he suppresses his/her feelings and inclinations, and does that which he/she is obliged to do. Hence 'doing one's duty', is doing something which one is not inclined or will do, but which he/she does because he/she recognizes that he/she to do it; an obligation exists and he/she must fulfil it. So if a person does something merely because he/she is afraid not to do it (such as the fear of being imprisoned for not repaying a debt) is not a moral person: nor is a person moral who repays a debt merely because he/she wants to, or inclines towards doing that rather than something else. ...read more.

Conclusion

depressing wishes for death, and yet preserves his life without loving it - from inclination or fear but from duty - then his maxim has a moral worth. A good person is a person of 'good will', i.e., a person who acts from a sense of duty. As Kant puts it in a famous phrase, 'nothing can possibly be conceived in the world, or even out of it, which can be called good without qualification, except a good will.' In short, we may summarize that a moral action is one done from a respect for duty, and correspondingly, a moral person is a person who acts from duty, not from inclination or even with accord with duty. So if an action was done out of affection, it would be seen as selfish. Some may argue that it cannot be selfish because they are doing something for the other person that they love, but in Kant's theory, this would just be stated as a selfish act. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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