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In this essay I will be examining the main aims of punishment, investigating capital punishment (the death penalty) this is still used in some countries.

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Introduction

Religious studies Jemma Williamson Crime and punishment In this essay I will be examining the main aims of punishment, investigating capital punishment (the death penalty) this is still used in some countries. I will explain how the beliefs and teachings of Islam and Christianity might affect the attitudes of believers towards Capital punishment. Finally I will comment on the following statement: " Religious People should always obey the laws of their country." And whether I agree with this, then comment on how believers may look at it differently. A) Explain the main aims of punishment There are 5 main aims of punishment. There is Protection. This is when the offender is locked away as the public has the right to feel protected from Law- breakers. This is punishment such as imprisonment. This is aimed to prevent further criminal actions. But society and certain individuals believe that it is far to dangerous to allow some criminals to have their freedom. This can be for the safety of society or for the safety of the offenders themselves. Then Retribution, many criminals deserve to suffer for what they have done wrong, this is what many people believe. ...read more.

Middle

Without law and order we could all do what ever we wanted. The result would be total chaos. So this is to make it clear that the law is there to be taken serious and not to be ignored. Failure to keep the law results in punishment. B) Capital punishment (the death penalty) is stilled used in many countries. Explain how the beliefs and teachings of the religions (Islam and Christianity) might affect the attitudes of believers towards capital punishment. In Islam politics and religion cannot be separated. The quran states that all Muslims will be punished for disobeying Allah's rules, this in some cases can lead to capital punishment, and this can be for adultery, and other offences. The most serious sin is shirk, this is putting something above Allah. Most Muslims don't bother committing crimes, as they believe Allah is omnipotent and omnipresent. Muslim punishments are seen as a deterrence and retribution. This is to put of offenders from committing the same crime. It deters the society and also is revenge to the offender. In the Quran it says that those who commit the crime will be punished. ...read more.

Conclusion

Jesus practises this even whilst being crucified. "Love your neighbour as yourself". However some Christians who continue to follow Old Testament teachings believe in the death penalty accordingly by following the Law of Talon. But those that follow Jesus' teachings in the New Testament believe that is for God to decide whether someone is to die or not. This is called the sanctity of life. "Let him without sin cast the first stone" Capital Punishment has an affect on Christians, but as there are no strict guidelines that a Christian must follow Jesus' teachings on the death penalty. It is up to the interpretation of Christians to decide whether they believe in it or not. Both religions look, at crime and punishment including the Death penalty is very different, this is because Christians have the choice but the bible states that God should decide who lives and who dies, whilst Muslims strongly believe in the death penalty. Punishment is different. In the UK if committing murder usually a life sentence would be undertaken whilst in a Muslim society if this was to happen the offender would be convicted to death. ...read more.

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