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In what ways may modern ideas about evolution conflict with the biblical concept of creation?

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Introduction

Claire Fricker In what ways may modern ideas about evolution conflict with the biblical concept of creation? Creation and evolution come from two very different viewpoints. The main differences here are that in the story of creation in the beginning there was God, and in the theory of evolution in the beginning there was random chance. The conflict between the two is often referred to as "The Great Debate" because everyone asks the question "why are we here and how are we here?" they can either look to the bible or science for answers. They are completely unlike answers to one another but both agree on one thing - that the universe has not existed eternally. There are problems with the bible story of creation in the way that we cannot prove or do any tests to show that there is a God or a creator, and as we cannot see, touch, or hear God then the only evidence to go by is the account of creation in the Bible. Scientists, however, claim that they can prove there was an actual scientific reason for the beginning of earth and show evidence through the big bang idea. Evolution is the theory of the origin of the universe, including the solar system, earth, plant, animal life and man. It states that through the operation of the current relevant laws of physics, chemistry and biochemistry over a very long time span, life evolved out of matter through a long series of very small changes to its current state. ...read more.

Middle

William Paley, a philosopher in 1802, used analogy to compare a complicated and ordered universe with complicated and 'man-made' products (E.g. A watch). His argument rests on the idea that just as these 'man-made' products (in this case a watch), are the result of intelligent design so the universe must have been brought into existence by an intelligent designer who is God, (and in his analogy - the watchmaker). The design argument includes the Anthropic Principle, as thought by F.R.Tennant, and states that the exact conditions in the universe have come about to allow human life to develop and be sustained - and may include the theory of evolution by seeing God as the one who sets up 'necessary' structures in the universe within which life has the 'chance' to evolve. Biblical writers assume that the world exhibits order and design through the 'handiwork' of God - 'For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities - his eternal power and divine nature - have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse' (Romans 1:20). There are criticisms of this argument, however. If a God who created the universe purposefully for us to live, and, if as God is shown in the bible He is all loving and all powerful then why does He allow evil and suffering in the world. David Hume says that the world is imperfect, and why should we presume God has got it right? ...read more.

Conclusion

This article in The Herald attributes these differences to a divine creator, and concludes that the body is a very complex organism in which all its separate and different processes could only be credited to God, and his divine intelligence in creating life. Creation and evolution are opposing equally as both have roughly the same amount of evidence for and against them, and either evolution would have to have a new piece of evidence to convince creationists towards evolution, or creationism would require a supernatural occurrence, or miracle to convince evolutionists towards creation. I believe that it is possible that they can exist coherently but for some, the two seem entirely incompatible and will never be reconciled. It is difficult to see which one is more possible because both are based on faith. We could say that "Science is wrong" and if we are confronted with data science has provided that doesn't match our interpretation of the Bible we simply write it off by claiming science is surely wrong. We could also say that "the Bible is wrong" and that since the Bible is a book whose main value is in spiritual areas - faith and practice - it is not necessary to expect it to be completely accurate in practical areas e.g. Science. I believe that if the god of the Bible is true, then the same God must have created the laws of science, and therefore is guiding evolution. If both arguments are used together, then I think that there is a much stronger case to explain creation and start of the universe. ...read more.

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