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Indira Gandhi and Operation Blue Star.

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She joined the National Congress party and became active in India's independence movement in 1938. In 1955, she was elected to the executive body of the Congress party, becoming a national political figure in her own right. Four years thereafter, she was president of the party. It was finally in 1966 when Indira Gandhi was given her first opportunity to govern the Republic of India as Prime Minister, following the death of Prime Minister Shastri. Even though she was governing as a reserve, Gandhi had her first campaign victory in the national elections of 1971. For the subsequent years, Indira Gandhi and her administration had successfully governed India. She was in office for fifteen years over two terms. However, in her final year in office, 1984, a hasty decision would jeopardize her leadership for many years to come. The decision to initiate an attack, with artillery for a full-scale war, on the Golden Temple complex was one that led to her downfall and the county's as well.1 The attack was code named, Operation Blue Star. The negative effects caused by it were so devastating; it has been compared to that of the independence struggle of India against the British.2 The attack would put India in repression with revolutions never before experienced in Indian history. ...read more.


Indira Gandhi on October 30, 1984, by her two security guards who happened to be Sikhs, thousands of innocent Sikh men, women and children were burnt alive, butchered, and maimed throughout India.10 This treatment was absolutely unjust. Due to an action taken by two individuals, thousands of Sikhs were killed and tortured. The part that angers most is the action taken by the police force at this time. Riots against Sikhs followed in Delhi, Kanpur, and other cities in all over India in which the supporters of Indira Gandhi murdered more than 15,000 Sikhs in broad daylight while police watched.11 If the police of India cannot defend the innocent citizens of their country, something is terribly wrong. What is the point in living in a country where your own people persecute you for doing nothing wrong? At this stage, Sikhs were finally informed where they stand as far as being a citizen of India. In order to live peacefully, Sikhs had two options: leave India and immigrate to a democratic country or initiate a struggle in which a homeland can be obtained. Justice never prevailed during the 1984 riots. The riots that erupted from Gandhi's assassination only caused bloodshed and heartache for Sikhs nationwide. ...read more.


They live in a society in which discrimination has become a way of life. Even though the tensions have settled down since the mid 1980s, the mindset in the residents of India is the same. Until the day arrives when Sikhs have a place they can call home, they will continue to pursue a life in a democratic country, in which they can live as normal human beings. The Sikh struggle for an independent nation, the disappearances of thousands of Sikhs through mass cremation, the injustices of the Sikh people, the Riots of 1984, and the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi were all caused by the hasty decision on the part of the Indian government under the leadership of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The decision to follow through with Operation Blue Star caused widespread negative effects for all sects of Indian society. The outcome of the operation has left Sikhs confused; they do not know if the persecution will stop, if they will have a land to live in, and if they will be able to secure a healthy future with the people of India. One thing is for certain, if things do not change for the well being of both sides, Sikhs will take action to secure a future for them and for the future generations to come. ...read more.

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