• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

IS FUNDAMENTALISM SPECIFIC TO ANY PARTICULAR RELIGION

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IS FUNDAMENTALISM SPECIFIC TO ANY PARTICULAR RELIGION? For a vast majority, the term "fundamentalism" evokes images of hostage crises, embassies under siege, hijackings, and suicide bombers. But these images hardly present a comprehensive picture. People in the west associate fundamentalism with Islam, this is indeed a mistaken belief. Fundamentalism is defined as " the affirmation of religious authority as holistic and absolute, admitting of neither criticism nor reduction; it is expressed through the collective demand that specific creedal and ethical dictates derived from scripture be publicly recognized and legally enforced ." (Lawrence) Therefore the essence of fundamentalist belief is doctrinal confirmity, of not only oneself but the conformity of the rest of society too .While some try to reach their goals through violence, the majority work through political parties within the electoral process. People like Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaeda network are only at fringes. Even if fundamentalism is to encompass such aberrations, such brand of fundamentalism is a characteristic of all (Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Judaism) ...read more.

Middle

Though has model was logically coherent and later accepted to be valid, they were persecuted by the Catholic Church because their system was in conflict with the Bible. In addition, crusades epitomize Christian fundamentalism. Crusades were a series of military campaigns, sanctioned by the Catholic church that took place during the 11th through 13th centuries. Originally, they were Roman Catholic endeavors to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims, but some were directed against other Europeans, such as the Fourth Crusade against Constantinople, the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars of southern France and the Northern Crusades. People were forced to convert to Christianity, if they refused, they were put to death3.Thus Crusades were in part an outlet for an intense religious piety which rose up in the late 11th century. Yet another example is the attempt, by some Christian fundamentalist groups to shut down, by force, abortion clinics. Some have even gone to the extent of threatening and intimidating employees, and even murdering the doctors working these clinics. ...read more.

Conclusion

Moreover, muslim fundamentalists in Iran, Sudan, some parts of Persian Gulf and lately Afghanistan, have amalgamated with the political forces to institute a particularly harsh set of rules as political law Called the Sharia or the Islamic law. In Light of the above mentioned examples it is extremely important to realize that that fundamentalism is not synonymous to terrorism or violence, but rather people who harbor fundamentalist beliefs are so committed to their dogma they can go to any extent (from mere activism to violence) to eradicate any exceptions to their dogma. It is all but natural to encounter such people in all the religions. What is interesting is the reason why people from all the religions harbor such tendencies? Probably because it offers an easy way out - a fundamentalist need not think deeply about a doctrine or be highly educated in it; as one Mormon leader once said, "Don't think for yourself. The thinking has already been done."6 1 http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/bombing_of_the_king_david_hotel.htm 2 http://www.facingthechallenge.org/copernicus.htm 3 http://www.wikipedia.org/ 4 http://www.wikipedia.org/ 5 http://english.aljazeera.net/NR/exeres/19E6EA5A-8207-4F06-958F-8DD77A05DC27.htm 6 http://www.bidstrup.com/religion.htm ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hinduism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hinduism essays

  1. Ancient Egyptian Religion.

    It was believed that the spirit of the Orisis and Horus resided within him and guided him along the proper path. By observing and obeying the will of the gods he upheld Maat, the principle of balance which leads to order, justice and harmony.

  2. Why is the Temple of Apollo Epikourios at Bassae an interesting building?

    To the right of the cult statue, there was an east door, which was probably to shed some light on the statue so that it looked ethereal. On festival days, the statue may have been turned to face the rising sun, which could symbolise rebirth and that fact that life goes on.

  1. To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the ...

    a dedication to Athene, because Greek temples were meant as a house to the gods on earth. Often they housed statues of a god. Despite the Parthenon accommodated the gigantic statue of Athene and had many qualities of an ordinary temple, it was a colossal difference.

  2. Hinduism and Islam on human relationships.

    in an atmosphere of love, mercy, harmony, co-operation, mutual advice and tolerance, and lay the foundation for raising a family. In Islam it is one of the most sacred contracts that two beings can subject to. Marriage in Islam is the basis of a social Islamic society and is a recommended act towards all Muslims.

  1. To what extent were the builders of the Erechtheion successful in solving the problems ...

    From this viewpoint it is evident that this temple is an excellent example of Ionic order. From analysing this elevation, I have a theory that comes from a personal opinion; it is based upon the fact of orders such as ionic and Doric symbolising cultural emphasis.

  2. A Place of Hindu Worship - Describe the main features of a specific place ...

    provide schools, libraries, dance classes, gardens and are one of the best places to celebrate festivals. In Britain, the temple plays a rather big role to Hindus of all ages as it is a valued social point for Hindus and helps Hindus keep faith, as believers are able to meet

  1. Hindu and Islamic weddings

    This includes with a prayer that the union is for life. At the end of this, that they will be husband and wife. The husband then stands over the right shoulder and touches his heart (Hradayaparsh) as he declares his vows.

  2. Attacks on religious minotirties in Bangaladesh

    International Covenant on Economic, Social and Civil Rights (ICESCR): Article 2 2. The state parties to the present covenant undertake to guarantee that the rights enunciated in the present Covenant will be excercised without discrimination of any kind as to race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work