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Is it possible for religion and science to co - exist?

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Introduction

Is it possible for religion and science to co - exist? Scientific findings and religious beliefs are normally quite separate. Science deals with the study of nature, its forces, processes and development. It is based on the analysis of evidence. It assumes, as a working hypothesis, that processes and events happen due to natural causes, not through divine intervention. It rarely intrudes in matters of morality, the existence and nature of deity, spirituality etc. Religion deals with matters of faith. Its main basis is often revelation from a deity, morally transmitted from generation to generation, recorded in sacred text or revealed to individuals through prayer. Most faith groups teach of the existence of one or more deities who created the universe and continue to play a major role in managing it sometimes bypassing the laws of nature to create miracles. A main function of religion is to teach moral principles, mankind's relationship to the gods or goddesses, behavior towards other human, spiritual matters etc. The main battles between religion and science are in areas in which they overlap. ...read more.

Middle

To explain any aspect of the universe required only observation, it was no longer necessary to rely on an external authority. Newton proposed that Gods role was simply to make minor adjustments rather like the clockmaker returning to regulate the movement of his clock. God's role was reduced to explaining only those things which science could not explain, hence why it is called "God of the Gaps". Newton felt that this system fitted his Christian worldview. The mechanical order (science) of the universe reflected the perfections of its maker. This theory suggests that it is possible for science and religion to co exist. Even Albert Einstein believed that it was possible. He quoted that "After religious teachers accomplish the refining process indicated, they would surely recognize with joy that true religion has been ennobled and made more profound by scientific knowledge". Keith Ward believed that religion aims to provide a theological explanation for the universe, rather than a causal explanation. The final explanation if why the universe should have come into being is beyond the scope of science. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the opposite side of the argument religion would fight back and argue that God gives humanity meaning and purpose. Science cannot do this. However some religious followers would argue that science is just evidence for the laws of nature that God has designed and created the universe. It proves that God created the universe as such design and togetherness in the world cannot be down to chance, as science believes it to be. If science accepted this, this would mean that science and religion can co - exist. In conclusion science and religion are often not in conflict. Theologians don't care much about the tensile strength of steel when they have church buildings built. Scientists are generally not particularly interested in the functions of a soul. But sometimes religion and science and religion overlap. Each then generally puts forth conflicting beliefs on the same topic. I.e. the beginning of the universe. One thing is common in both religion and science, which is they are both moving and evolving their theories to the changes and discoveries of today. So the answer to can religion and science co exist is left down to each individuals opinion and there is no right or wrong answer. ...read more.

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