• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is there any reason to suppose that I will survive my death?

Extracts from this document...


Is there any reason to suppose that I will survive my death? "The undiscover'd country from whose bourn and no traveller returns" (Hamlet) No matter how complex the philosophical issues involving the relationship between what is normally called mind and body, what we normally consider death is when one's body is no longer able to show that he/she is or can be associated with any kinds of mental states. Death is the cessation of or the event of dying/departure from life. It is, therefore, irreversible. The survival of death is therefore dependent on some sort of existence after death - a life after death. The belief in life after death can be divided into different groups. The traditional views of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are known as Reanimation where at the end of time, a divine act will raise the dead and they will live on in a new life. Another, more modern view is of the souls liberation from its earthly body and its journey to a spiritual body, representative of the individuals personality, in another realm. A view held by Hindu's and Buddhists is the view of reincarnation where the soul migrates to another body and begins a new life. There are philosophical arguments to support belief in survival of or life after death. Plato first argued on the nature of the soul. ...read more.


Upon reaching the light there is a feeling of being enveloped by it and then knowing the presence of a religious figure or deceased relatives, with whom the individual communicates with telepathically. At this phase, there is frequently an instantaneous life review followed by some sort of barrier where the individual is told or decides to return to his/her earthly life. There are a number of astonishing traits of NDEs that might be taken as evidence of life after death. First of all, reports exhibit surprising unanimity despite extremely differing cultural and medical experiences. Secondly, reports often include features that are not expected by the individual. Thirdly, and perhaps most inexplicably, many individuals can describe the scene they'd seen during the out-of-body experience, and sometimes remember specific details. Such patients have made true claims about objects they could not have seen from their position in the room, and about the activities of doctors while the patient had no heartbeat or breathing. What's more, in some cases the individual has reported communicating telepathically with friends they could not of known (until that point) were dead. In the same way, children who have experienced NDEs have met deceased relatives that they didn't know existed. The experience as a whole does appear surprisingly painless and vivid, given that the body is undergoing immeasurable pain and trauma. These traits do point towards the view that, at death, the self leaves the body and survives death. ...read more.


However, these are unexplained as many patients have no evidence of having fits upon death. The features also appear more forced and anxiety ridden compared to the innate serenity of NDEs. An explanation of the hypnotic regressional/spontaneous recall phenomena explains the phenomena as wishful thinking or suggestability of the child, as many of the cases occur in areas of the world where belief in reincarnation is strong. However, this theory is not accountable for those who do not live in these areas or those whose experiences are veridical. Indeed, whilst many see the phenomena as part of a normal childhood fantasy and play-acting, what about those whose stories prove true? The argument that all cases are purely fraud does not make sense as there is often no point to it or any financial incentive. In conclusion, there is strong religious, philosophical, and a posteriori evidence throughout history and around, more than ever, today which suggests there is reason to suppose that one's life will continue spiritually on in an after life. Consequentially, the self may well survive death. For every opposing scientific or logical argument, there are always a number of cases which defy rationality, always an element of unexplainable mystery which surrounds the question. Until proved categorically wrong, there is always reason, therefore, to believe in the survival of my death. As Decartes agreed ...since we cannot see any other causes to destroy the soul, we are naturally led to conclude that it is immortal. Sam Ewens 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Capital Punishment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Capital Punishment essays

  1. Outline the arguments for and against life after death? Assess the significance of the ...

    but they have little probative value, since it is quite possible to give convincing explanations of these phenomena that do not involve reincarnation"4 Another objection to reincarnation concerns the relationship between a person and their karmic heir, the future person whom believers in reincarnation will claim in the reincarnation of me.

  2. Compare and contrast the themes of death in Everyman and Morality Play

    although not showing him rejecting God does reveal that Everyman is unaware of Gods presence which further reveals how the play tries to make to audience aware of God so they become religious.

  1. The three main theories that will be discussed in this essay will stem from ...

    her memory, and if she were to be resurrected at the age of 35, what would become of her memories between the age of 35 and 93? It would obviously be in such a form that the person is recognizable and if indeed in her old age or have been cremated, and then this would cause a problem.

  2. In this philosophical study of applied ethics the concept of punishment will be argued ...

    In contrast to retributive punishment is deterrence. Deterrence has a forward-looking view of punishment because it views punishment essentially as a means of enabling society to function fully in the future. The retributive aim does not rule this out as an aim of punishment, but deterrence differs because it doesn't punish the offence for its on sake.

  1. The albatross is described to be "a Christian soul" and it was acclaimed at ...

    What is their punishment? The punishment of the crew is death. Death may not seem like a great punishment in the context of the poem, but it is when the punishment is isolated in our everyday lives. Death is seen to be an average phase of life in the poem compared to the horrific images portrayed.

  2. Describe the teachings and beliefs of Islam about death and what may happen after ...

    So even when in a country where it is permissible Muslims should not even put it into mind. Those who support say, that "modern medical technology can prolong a patient's life artificially and we should have the right to die with dignity.

  1. Eternal Darkness.

    marching straight into certain death is not what I had in mind!" This argument went on so long, that Link would have got more sleep had Saria not mentioned it. The whole camp seemed to think that if they could capture the main tower, the orcs would have little chance of laying their hands of them.

  2. The Nature of Evil

    punishment, whether it be imprisonment or something less harsh such as community service. However this depends on the seriousness of the crime and which punishment the criminal and society would most benefit from. Imprisonment is the most intense punishment of all, yet does the criminal really come out reformed, or

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work