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Islam Fact file.

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Islam Fact file Muslims are people who follow the teachings of the religion of Islam. The words "Islam" and "Muslim" both mean "submission". Therefore, a Muslim is someone who has completely devoted to God. Islam began in the part of the world called the Middle East. Many Muslims still live here, although you can now find Muslims living in almost every country in the world. There are about 1000 million followers of Islam. Islam is growing much faster than any other religion in the world. The reason Islam is such a widely spread religion is because it spread by fighting different countries. But this is not the only reason; Islam spread throughout the world because Muslims were traders, and they travelled all over the world to buy and sell goods. Where they travelled, they took their religion with them. Muslims became well known for living good lives, and many people who met them, were so impressed that they decided to convert themselves and follow the teachings of Islam. ...read more.


The official language for Islam is Arabic. Arabic is used to write the Qur'an. Arabic words sometimes have to be changed into other alphabets so that people can understand it that cannot read it. The sounds of the letters are not the same as those in English and so Arabic words are spelt differently. Muslims believe that you must pray five times a day. Muslims pray early in the morning, at night and on three occasions during the day. Muslims believe that they can worship Allah anywhere. However, many Muslims feel it is important to have a special place of worship. This place is called a mosque. The most important time to go to the mosque is during the lunchtime prayers on Friday, the Muslim holy day. Women have to pray too, either at their home or at the mosque. When the women do go to the mosque, they have to sit separately from the men. ...read more.


Festivals One of the most important months in Islam is Ramadan. During this month, Muslims are expected to fast during the hours of daylight. Muslims believe that fasting is important because it means that you have submitted to Allah. It is very hard to go without food and drink for a long time, but Muslims believe that this teaches them to have patience, and not to give up just because things are difficult. It also reminds Muslims that their religion is the most important thing in their lives. Ramadan shows that everyone is equal, because hunger is the same for everyone. At the end of Ramadan, Muslims feel better to face problems which life brings. The month of Ramadan ends with festival of Id-ul-Fitr. This begins on the first day of the tenth month of the Muslim year. People look forward to this festival because it marks the end of the difficult month of fasting. There is another festival in Islam called Id-ul-Adha. It is especially important for Muslims who are on the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Makkah. Id-ul-Adha is a longer and more important festival than Id-ul-Fitr. ...read more.

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