• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Islamic Bioethics

Extracts from this document...


Describe and explain Islamic ethical teachings in bioethics. Bioethics is the ethical reasoning around issues of human biology. A Muslim would approach an ethical issue to seek ethical reasoning through the process of the Islamic ethical system. This is based upon Tawhid (the submission to the will of the transcendent; Allah. Humans were created with the ability to recognize goodness and reciprocity as the "best composition" willed by Allah. Humans are created with freedom and are naturally good, however 'nafs' like pride and greed interfere with the egotistical soul. When describing and explaining the Islamic ethical teaching on a bioethical issue like abortion, euthanasia and organ transplantation the Muslim belief in Allah as one true God who created human beings to live freely but in accordance with his will is crucial. To understand Islamic ethical teachings one must also understand Islamic Jurisprudence. Muslims believe that a human needs external sources for ethical guidelines. When an issue is presented to a Muslim their first/greatest authority is the Qur'an - words of Allah. ...read more.


Despite the strong ethical stance Muslims hold against abortion there are two instances in which abortions is allowed. These are, if the mother's life is in danger or if the child is defective. However both options must be taken prior ensoulment. It is evident that abortion can be outlined in Islamic jurisprudence through the interpretation of the the Sunnah and Qur'an. Euthanasia is part of the sanctity of life and an Islamic ethical issue. It is forbidden to purposely end a human life as Allah (for Muslims) is the owner of life and wills the end/beginning. "Take not life which Allah made sacred..." (Qur'an 6:151) A Muslim is forbidden to give passive or active consent for a person to take their life. The Qur'an states "whoever kills a human soul...it shall be as if they killed all mankind". This reason underlines the belief that Allah decides the length of life and any questioning is distrust in Allah and an act against nature (tughyan). ...read more.


Problems arise here as Shi'a Muslims do not seek anything after the Sunnah to answer the ethical issues and thus do not allow organ transplants donated from the deceased. In the Qur'anic affirmation of Bodily Resurrection (surat-al-Bayyina 98:8) it explains that moral decisions involving cadavers is acceptable and hence organ transplantation reflects Islamic jurisprudence, including the difference in opinion of variants. The ethical system of Islamic Jurisprudence allows an eschatological reward of a better afterlife, with Allah in heaven. This Islamic system is important for adherents and the community. For the individual it is a source of guidance as they turn to core beliefs and teachings in morally contentious times. This gives an outline of what is important and acceptable in society. E.g. Respect, care for others. This provides social cohesion and allows adherents to have a positive structure to live by. To conclude, the bioethical issues of abortion, euthanasia and organ transplantation offer the entire scope into Islamic ethical teachings. These issues allow a deeper understanding of Islamic jurisprudence and the reliance of the Qur'an and Sunnah (by Muslims) in order to answer morally contentious ethical decisions that affect the adherents and the communities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miscellaneous section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miscellaneous essays

  1. Islamiyat Notes. Major teaching in the hadiths of the Prophet

    The Holy Prophet(S) encouraged his companions for the preservation of Hadith. There are many statements in the Quran, which needed explanation and clarification which was provided by Holy Prophet(S). The need for Hadith and its transmission of what he taught, "Preach what you hear me say."

  2. Islamiyat Notes. Surah al Anaam (Ch. 6 : Vs. 101-103)These verses of Surah al ...

    She requested Him(S) to taker her merchandise to Syria against a share in the profits. She also sent her slave Maisara with him.

  1. Should Euthanasia be made legal in the UK.

    This can be when a doctor gives a patient, who is in great pain, a bottle of morphine. Those who argue in favour of euthanasia say that it allows a patient to undergo a gentle, pain-free death instead continuing a life of pain.

  2. Fertility Treatment: An Islamic Perspective

    According to the church, 130 couples have volunteered. The churches actions reflect their principle of the volubility of life and are unsure where all this embryo research will lead to in this respect. In the religion of Islam, it is well known that one of the major reasons for marrying is to increase and multiply the adamic race.

  1. Islam and human relations

    According to the teachings of Islam, the rights of a woman are equal to those of a man but men and women are not identical, they are different beings so their rights and responsibilities should be complementary to one another's rather that degrading or competitive.

  2. Religious studies - Ramadan coursework

    Furthermore, Ramadan is a time for thanksgiving for Muslims. It reminds them that Allah is completely responsible for creating and sustaining life, and allows them a chance to thank Him. Muslims believe that sawm is part of a test by Allah, to see how good a person a Muslim is

  1. Fasting goes on every day (29/30 days) of the month of Ramadan and all ...

    Jibril continued to speak and eventually Muhammad (pbuh) found himself repeating the words ordered by Jibril: "Proclaim! In the name of thy Lord and Cherisher, Who created- Created man, out of (mere) clot of blood. Proclaim! And thy Lord is Most Bountiful- He Who taught (the use of)

  2. Yasir Qadhi - the aim of life for Muslims(notes on Islamic beliefs and practices)

    -A muslim is a person who is commited to the fard If a person does the bare minimum and avoids the major sins then there is a garrantee from allah that he such a person will be saved from the fire of hell and will enter junnah immediately Allah says in the quran (Ttnm)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work