• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Martin Luther and Phillip Melanchthon's Contributions in Educational Reform in the Protestant Reformation.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Education Reformation; Martin Luther and Phillip Melanchthon's Contributions in Educational Reform in the Protestant Reformation The life of Martin Luther is frequently studied and his ideas are widely known. Accounts of the nailing of his Ninety-Five theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg and his condemnation at the Diet of Worms are considered by many in the western world to be common knowledge. What is less frequently explored; however, are his vast achievements outside of his direct conflict with the Catholic Church. A major example of this is Luther's achievement in educational reform. Although at first Luther resisted new forms of education, he came to view schools as powerful tools for getting his message and religious teachings across to the people, specifically the youth, of Germany. Following this realization, Luther became one of the most fervent supporters of universal education. The spread of Luther's ideas of religious reform and the spread of schools and educational reform are inextricably linked. For Luther's religious vision to be realized among all people, it became clear that new institutions of learning were essential. In collaboration with scholars and reformers like Phillip Melanchthon, Luther successfully implemented new educational programs and bolstered government support and control of schools. Phillip Melanchthon (1497-1560) was a German scholar and religious reformer educated at the universities of Heidelberg and T´┐Żbingen. He was elected to the chair of Greek at the University of Wittenberg in 1518, mostly because of the support of his uncle, Johann Reuchlin, a famous German humanist who had powerful political connections. ...read more.

Middle

a priest, tried to destroy the belief that under God's law the human race is divided into two ranks, cleric and lay; the cleric as superior, because they care for the souls while the lay care for the bodies."8 This was not; however, the only social division that Luther had to overcome in promoting education for all. In supporting schooling for all people through the creation of new schools and programs Luther had to fight the period's common attitudes toward education. At this time, many people also viewed society as being separated into two groups besides cleric and lay; "the learned and the 'common man.'" 9 Along these lines, many believed that education was wasted unless one planned on a profession in law, medicine, or the church. Luther's response to these attitudes was that, "the vocation of any Christian, by contributing to society and thus serving one's neighbor, is as fulfilling before God as any specifically religious vocation."10 Schools, in Luther's mind, represented a way to improve a person's abilities and knowledge in everyday life, allowing them to serve others and thereby improve society as a whole. Luther did, however, acknowledge that there existed a distinction between the "learned" and the "common man," and that not everyone was able, or meant to become learned leaders or teachers. In this vein, Luther and Melanchthon suggested that elementary schools, while educating all young boys and girls, could be used as mechanisms in which promising young students could be identified and advanced to elite secondary schools or universities and on to positions of leadership. ...read more.

Conclusion

Luther that the Bible and Christian belief were taught alongside secular subjects, but only to present them to students not to force belief upon them. The change in responsibility regarding education from parents to schools and from the church to government was enormously successful. "In every German state, primary and secondary schools were built up, enlarged, equipped, ably staffed, tied together in sequence, and given fully articulated teaching programs and a clear sense of mission."21 Clearly Luther's vision for effective control of education and schooling was coming into fruition. Soon this control was firmly in place in Germany and was spreading outward: By the 1560's and 1570's, something like an integrated school system existed, or was coming into existence, in most of the Lutheran states in the Holy Roman Empire-integrated in the sense that its levels and streams were linked in a coherent structure, and that the educational apparatus as a whole was closely tied in its stated aims and assigned functions to the objectives and operations of the ecclesiastical and political organs of the state.22 In exploring the relationship between Luther's religious ideas and his contributions towards educational reform, it becomes obvious that this relationship was fully reciprocal. This relationship between Luther and Melanchthon and schooling was clearly mutually beneficial and interdependent. While they needed schools to provide people with the ability to understand true Christian doctrine based on the Bible, Luther and Melanchthon helped to create an effective educational system maintained and managed by the state. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination essays

  1. Study of parables taken from Luke's Gospel

    The donkey he rode was the church, and the innkeeper the Apostle Paul. The two silver coins that were paid are the commandments to love God and our neighbour. This is an ingenious account of the story of salvation. However is quite unrelated to the story of the Good Samaritan,

  2. Free essay

    christian vocation coursework

    (January 15, 1929 - April 4, 1968) was one of the main leaders of the American civil rights movement he was a Baptist minister, and had a huge impact on the people of America. his most influential and well-known speech is the "I Have A Dream" speech.

  1. Pslam 127

    By contrast, verses 3 to 5 show the blessings of a God-centered life and encourage the godly to trust in the Lord in all matters of life. A. A. Anderson would agree in seeing the Psalm as a unified piece. Anderson, noting the tendency to impose arbitrary divisions, quotes G.W.

  2. For this assignment, I ended up reading both Hiroshima and Night, but my past ...

    This caused Elie to lose his faith in God, as his time in the Nazi camps grew longer. The reader can see this in Elie's father 's confrontation with the gypsy. His father asked a gypsy where the lavatories were, but the gypsy did not even respond to Elie's father.

  1. American History X

    Derek got out of jail, and saw how it was all affecting his brother, and Cameron was doing to Danny what he did to him. Derek went to a party that Cameron was holding for him, and told Cameron about how he was done with it all, as is Danny.

  2. Christians, Roman Catholics, Evangelical Christians and protestant people all have different views towards infertility ...

    The view from a Roman Catholic point is that life is given by God and no one has a right to children. Although the Roman Catholics have great sympathy for the couples that can't have children, who want children, it allows methods which do not threaten the sacredness of life and in which sex acts are natural.

  1. Christian Vocation

    I suppose it means a lot to the members, as they are so committed and enthusiastic in their own communities. The community Iona must be enjoyable when visiting the island, which involves weeklong programmes, to extend horizons and forge relationships through sharing an experience of the common life of worship, work and relaxation.

  2. Women and Man are Equal in Gods Eyes

    more on the term " biblical equality" an dhas no intention of trying to skew the bible for something it is not. According to Groothuis and Pierce. [Egalitarianism] makes no appeal to "women consciousness" as normative: neither do [Egalitarians] feel free to dispense with or underplay any aspect of sacred

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work