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Mosque Coursework

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The Blue Mosque Masjid is a word meaning 'place for prostration' and were used by the early Muslims for houses of worship, even for other religions. Today the Arabic 'masjid', and the English 'mosque' are used exclusively for religious houses in Islam. A mosque is symbolically very important to Muslims, and is a humble way for man to recreate pure divine presence on earth. Mosques are not built according to divine patterns, nor are there very clear rules to what a mosque should look like, except on some few points. Mandatory elements are a structure that clearly indicates the direction of Mecca (this direction is called qibla). The indication is in most mosques a mihrab, a niche in the wall. A mosque must have a roofed area in front of the mihrab. There can be no doors in the wall where the mihrab is placed - for the other walls, there can be as many doors as the builders want. There are 2 types of mosques: the main mosque is called jam'e, and is the one where the Friday prayer is performed. The jam'e is often richly adorned. The other type of mosque is called masjid, and are local and smaller mosques. While these can be adorned. I have chosen the Blue Mosque because it is one of the most prominent landmarks of Istanbul, especially when viewed from the First Hill or from the Asian shore of the Sea of Marmara. It is very impressive with its beautiful domes and semi domes, nice courtyards and six slender minarets. The Blue Mosque was founded by Sultan Ahmet I. He ordered Architect Mehmed Aga to begin construction in 1609 and the whole complex was completed in 1616. The location of the mosque is just opposite a Church of Hagia Sophia as it is trying to compete with it. That is true because Architect Mehmed wanted to construct a bigger dome then Hagia Sophia's but he could not succeed. ...read more.


prayer. In the marriage ceremony, the Im�m prays the nikah. Verses, talking about Marriage, from the holy Qur'aan are recited and Ahadith (sayings of the last prophet) are proclaimed. Marriage is a major part of a Muslims life. The Qur'aan says: "And among his signs is this, that he created for you, mates from among yourselves that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them and he has put love and mercy between your hearts." (Surah 30: Verse 21). The Imam also does a special prayer on Eid (the Muslim Festival) and he also does the special wedding ceremony (nikah) he tells the bride and the groom to say the words and sign the legal document. Before the holy month of Ramadhan, the Im�m will give a speech on the importance of this month. The do's and don'ts, the rules, the rewards and the punishments. In this way, he teaches them and instils in them awareness. He may appoint others to give speeches but he will always make sure that they are reliable and have correct sources of information. Before the Hajj (the Muslim Pilgrimage), the Im�m will organise a speech and maybe even a demonstration to help those who are going, especially if it may be their first time. As they may not go again, they will want to get it right. Speeches are given by the Im�m at least once a week and extra speeches are given at other special points and dates in the Isl�mic Calendar. When giving guidance on any topic, the Im�m will always refer to the teachings in the Qur'aan and the practices of the prophet. The Im�m should be involved in the day to day running of the mosque such as the teaching system. He will make sure that the correct books are used and important topics are covered. He will appoint knowledgeable and reliable people to teach. ...read more.


and the other Muslims at his time used to offer congregational prayers. The purpose of the mosque was to get all the Muslims united in one place rather than just praying in small separate groups. Another reason why some people believe that Muslims should worship Allah in a mosque is because here there is peace and no distractions. In a mosque there are no pictures of living things, no music and no television and because of this there are no distractions whilst worshipping Allah. A Muslim concentrates on his/her prayer due to this. The quality of their prayer makes them a good Muslim. A mosque can be used as a kind of community centre where Muslims worship Allah and discuss their problems with each other. In the time of the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W), mosques used to work as a court and it was used for the collection of Zakah Basically. At that time Allah made it compulsory for men to go to mosques every Friday and encourage them to go every prayer time to the mosque if necessary, if men do not take this in consideration then Allah has promised a severe punishment in the hereafter. Overall I conclude by saying that I totally agree with the statement. This is because by seeing the two versions of the above quote, I have realized that a lot of people are unfortunate to not have a mosque nearby but they still cope and try there best to pray in the places they can, and get education of Islam through books or other people. Allah is all-merciful and all-knowing so Allah would know a persons position if he is able or not able to go to a mosque. However, if you have a mosque to go to, it is better to pray at a mosque then at home. But that does not change the fact if you're a good Muslim or a bad Muslim. -Allah said pray in a clean place. (Can be done at home also if no mosque available). -Intention is what counts. ...read more.

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