• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

natureofchurch sacraments

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

a) Describe Luther's teachings about the sacraments b) Outline Luther's teachings about the nature of the church c)To what extent does Luther's teachings about the sacraments differ from the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church? a) 'Luther described sacraments as "Promises with signs attached to them".' (McGrath) The most important point Luther makes about his teachings on the sacraments, is that they have to have scriptural authority. This is important because it justifies why he only keeps three of the Roman Catholic sacraments, baptism, the eucharist and penance. Luther wrote 'I deny that there are 7 sacraments, and maintain that there are only 3; baptism, penance and the bread...' (From McGrath) He later excludes penance because it does not have sufficient scriptural authority and the scholar Lane said 'Luther attacked the seven sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church, he reduced them to two instituted by Jesus himself.' The idea that Luther 'attacked' doctrines from the Roman Catholic Church is another reason why this is an important point. The second most important point that Luther teaches about the sacraments, is that he denounces transubstantiation and introduces consubstantiation. ...read more.

Middle

Another of Luther's teachings about the sacraments is that he denies marriage as one of them. He does this because there is no order from Jesus to do get married in the bible. This does not mean that Jesus did not approve of marriage, but because there is no scriptural authority, it cannot be a sacrament in Luther's eyes. This is important because he is attacking clerical celibacy in the Roman Catholic Church and Luther himself marries. b) Luther became concerned with the way the Church presented itself to the congregation and therefore taught his own teachings about the nature of the church. The most important point Luther makes on his teachings about the nature of the Church is that there is a 'true' Church which is invisible and only G-d knows who belongs to it. This comes from Augustine's theory. The true church of G-d would only be known in heaven and Green explains 'the visible church is made up of a mix of some destined to go to heaven and some to hell.' Luther clarified that the membership of the invisible church, which are people going to heaven is determined by the 'eternal decree of G-d's predestination grace...by the activity of the word of G-d in this world'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Luther believed that it 'was the princes role to reform the church' (Armstrong) This would affect Luther's teachings on the nature of the church and is important because it goes against the catholic belief in the Apostolic succession. This is the idea that the pope inherited his authority in a direct line of all his successors by St Peter and that clergy inherit their authority through apostles. It is also important because Luther declared the church incapable to put its own house in order. c) The issue to be evaluated in a 2-sided debate is to what extent Luther's teachings about sacraments differ from the Roman Catholic Church. Overall this difference is great, however there are some similarities. Luther only accepted 3 out of the 7 sacraments, which is the main difference between the two teachings. One out of the three sacraments was holy communion and even this was significantly altered. Catholics strongly believe that the bread and wine during the eucharist changes into the body and blood of Christ through the priest. However Luther taught that this did not happen but that there was a presence of Jesus. The word transubstantiation was changed to consubstantiation. This is a major difference between Luther's teachings about the sacraments and the Roman Catholic teachings. This point shows that the extent of the two beliefs were great. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. Describe the development of the doctrines of Christ and of the Trinity during the ...

    Further, although the second Ecumenical Council had amended the Nicene Creed, the third Ecumenical Council, the Council of Ephesus in 431, had forbidden any further changes to it. In the ninth century, Pope Leo III agreed to the filioque clause theologically, but was opposed to adapting it in worship in

  2. The Power And The Glory (1939) Compare and Contrast the Priest and the Lieutenant.

    In the first chapter, the priest is set to catch the 'General Obregon', but instead he is called away by a small child, whose 'dying mother' needs a priest. The priest could easily refuse his services to the child and catch the boat on time, but he feels as though 'he is meant to miss the boat.'

  1. Holy Communion.

    They gave the gifts of: * Gold- kingship of Christ, the King of Kings * Frankincense- his deity and Priesthood * Myrrh- his healing powers & to his sacrificial death These were prophetic gifts, which told of the coming works of Jesus.

  2. The Progression of Christianity from The Apostolic era - The Lutheran Reformation.

    Inquisitions were held to ensure the protection of the faithful, especially from the twelfth century onwards. The hearing was usually presided over by a Friar, although for more difficult or well-known cases, a higher member may have been called in.

  1. THE CONFESSIONS OF AUGSBURG On 31 October 1517, Dr. Martin Luther, professor of theology ...

    Luther's attack on indulgences came about as a result of his thoughts on salvation. Indulgences offered forgiveness of sin for the payment of a sum of money. By the late middle ages the practice of selling indulgences had grown and, although they were always proclaimed for a religious purpose such

  2. The sacraments of Holy Communion.

    Worship is the name given to an act of paying divine honour to god, especially in the religious services, an act or feeling of admiration. There are two ways to worship and these are liturgical and non-liturgical and liturgical means a formal way of worship, which is an elaborate way to worship God.

  1. The Sacraments - Marriage

    "You may know from your own experience that to say 'I love you' to someone actually makes the love stronger." In a very similar way the vows or promises that are spoken bring the couple much closer to each other, but in a much more sombre way.

  2. To investigate the changing needs of the congregation of the Non-Subscribing Presbyterian Meeting ...

    Although there is nothing left of the original church there is still proof that the 1714 church is still incorporated within the church today. We can prove this by the 1714 plaque which reads; Fig 1. The plaque is described in the Dixon Survey "a stone set in the gable

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work