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Outline and Critically Evaluate the design Argument

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Introduction

Hayley Edridge Essay 1 Outline and Critically Evaluate the design Argument Also known as the Teleological Argument, Originating from the Latin word for "teleos" meaning 'distance', the Design Argument is the basis for the existence of God, or at least the existence of a designer. Many Theologians such as Charles Darwin, Michael Paley and David Hume have all commented on their views concerning this argument, which I shall consider in my assessment. The Design argument states that the cosmos shows signs of designer in it's regularity; Seasons, day and night and phases of the moon, and that certain features serve specific purposes (teats for several young). Such design needs to have been created by a designer, the designer being God. This implies that the universe was created for an eventual, distant purpose, whether known or to be found. This specific argument has two parts to consider when discussing certain aspects. Design qua regularity and Design qua Purpose. Design Qua Regularity apposes that the universe shows sign of regularity as exampled before, but raises the question of how. Philosophers supporting this argument believe that such signs can conclude a designer at work. Design Qua Purpose suggests that some characteristics of the cosmos point toward a purpose. ...read more.

Middle

Scientists have concluded their own theory, steering away from religious stereotypical views, but closely relating their discoveries to issues raised in religious beliefs. The 'big bang' theory states that the universe ''began 15,000 million years ago, with the explosion of a dense nucleus matter'', hence the 'big bang'. This discovery 'catches out' the Bible as the universe is actually Older than we once thought. This could deter people's opinions towards this theory and criticize more religious views. By measuring the distance between stars, scientists were able to make these discoveries and conclude that the universe is always expanding, showing natural movement and creation. The Biblical account could be counted as myth, although inaccurate, it shows meaning and thought behind its teachings and some truth. "Let there be light" (Genesis) could be interpreted as the big bang, but in simple terms for instance. Another Critic to consider is John Stuart Mill. He raises the same point as Hume in that the world is far from perfect with pain and suffering, both naturally e.g. hurricanes, droughts, and floods together with man-made suffering such as war. He argues that God being the "all powerful" figure in question has all abilities to aid in the decrease of such events, but intentionally creates such situations as believed by others. ...read more.

Conclusion

Using both forms it is possible to reach some kind of conclusion about the design and purpose of the universe. We could say that the Bible cannot always be taken literally but we should not overrule the theories included. In some instances, design could be present but not totally confirmed. It seems as though for every breakthrough there is a downfall when discussing the Teleological argument. Maybe we should be more open-minded and develop new ways of thinking like Darwin. Even so we must take into account the previous comments and theories used time and time before if we are to reach any justified conclusion. I believe that the cosmos does indeed shoes sign or regularity, perhaps pointing toward design but not concluding design. I can see the reasons behind such claims but cannot back them as I believe that the universe could just as easily have been formed by chance or possibly the 'big bang'. I would say that the Biblical account is more about a story than fact, as the people who wrote it had no knowledge of the scientific discoveries around now such as natural selection. I am just as confused and un-convinced as before, but hold greater knowledge of the factors effecting the way we discuss and think about the way in which we view the Design Arguemnt. ...read more.

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