• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and discuss the view that violence on screen can cause violence in society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline and discuss the view that violence on screen can cause violence in society. The screening of violence and the effects it has on the media ahs been a controversial issue for a long time. Many researches have been carried out to prove or disprove the hypothesis that violence in the media can cause violence in society and as a result many theories have been formed. A theory that supports this hypothesis is the Hypodermic syringe model developed by Vance Packard in 1957 and a reflection of the popular belief at the era. The hypodermic syringe model sees the audience as a homogenous mass without any background experiences and therefore immediately affected by what they see in the media. Even though this view is very deterministic and ignores the fact that people may interpret things in different ways, some of the research carried out to find the relationship between violence portrayed in the media and violence in society supports this model. In 1963, Bandura, Ross and Ross showed three groups of children real, film and cartoon examples of a self righting doll known as the bobo doll being attacked by mallets, whilst a fourth group saw no violent activity. ...read more.

Middle

This study like the bobo doll study ignores the fact that other factors might have been at work, such as peer pressure influences. Also in the Eron study, there is no distinguishing between the types of violence, whether it's fictional or real life violence and also the criteria for children to be seen as violent is not distinguished. However there have been real life incidents that would support the hypodermic syringe theory, such as the shootings in the Columbine High school. A theory that disagrees with the Hypodermic syringe model is the Cultural effects model. This theory doesn't believe in the media having an immediate affect on the audience and recognizes the fact that the media audience is very diverse. Rather this theory argues that audiences are exposed to the media so much that the come to accept the preferred reading of programmes in the media. This theory suggests that audiences are exposed to violence in the media so much that they eventually come to accept violence and aggression as a norm in everyday life and culture. ...read more.

Conclusion

Blumer and McQuail (1968) argue that people watch what they want from the media, they have a choice as to what programmes to watch and that they are a heterogeneous and active group who have different interpretation and uses for the media. For example, Freshbach and Singer in 1971 studied bys aged nine to fifteen in homes for unprivileged children and boarding schools, the staff were told to allow one group to watch programmes with scenes of violence and another group had to watch non violent programmes. Later it was found that boys who had watched violence became less aggressive than before. The experimenters felt that one reason for this might have been that those who had watched violence felt privileged and those who were not allowed to resented it. As always such experiments are conducted under what might not be lab conditions but still not a real life situation. Also the research was carried out only on boys and therefore unrepresentative of the population as a whole. The research carried out and their findings are contradictory to such a degree that it remains largely inconclusive whether violence in the media has a direct effect in society. ?? ?? ?? ?? Niloofar Bozorgi Sociology 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Morality of War section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Morality of War essays

  1. 'Patriarchy explains the widespread nature of violence against women'. Discuss with reference to pa

    These disturbing facts and figures conclude that the family is probably the unsafe space for women. The problem of domestic violence in India is quite fundamental and is because in many homes it operates at the level of not being considered as a problem at all.

  2. Are children affected by Media?

    I mean, if you do not like violence or you wish something to be censored, then do not watch it! People do have the choice to look at it or not, so if they don't agree but watch it anyway then I think that is a bit hypocritical.

  1. Free essay

    The Role of the Accident Compensation Corporation in the Prevention of Family Violence in ...

    The projects discussed here report some gains and attempt to identify factors that contribute to their success however; the short-term nature of any attached research is problematic. The school activities contained within the Aktiv gegen M´┐Żnnergewalt (Women Against Violence Europe)

  2. Why has American society developed so violently?

    Violence was indeed the tool of the day, and therefore was perhaps seen as a legitimate weapon especially if used at a low-level for a conservative cause. But the strand of American superiority and desire to resist the tide of change brought by vast numbers of immigrants, is also very obvious.

  1. Domestic Violence Effect on Children

    (Domestic Violence) Some children develop a barrier to protect them from becoming violent or make themselves less vulnerable to the effects of violence by isolating themselves and withdrawing from others. A number of other concerns and behaviors have been observed in the children of battered women who go to shelters.

  2. By comparing 'The Homecoming' with at least one other appropriate play, discuss the importance ...

    Pinter experiments with a new method of conveying a subtle type of violence. He does this through the frequent uses of pauses and silences within the play to develop a sense of peril which is in contrast to methods used in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf.

  1. Domestic violence

    determine what causes abuse", this is an important point as without knowing what causes abuse in the first place it would be much harder to tackle the problem. In the 'North London Domestic Violence Survey', carried out in 1993 Mooney investigates the variations found in the definitions for domestic violence.

  2. Bowling for Columbine

    have is that people treated guns like they were toys, and it felt as if people owned guns for the sake of having one. If more guns made people safer then America would be one of the safest countries in the world, but it isn't, it's the opposite.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work