• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline and discuss the view that violence on screen can cause violence in society.

Extracts from this document...


Outline and discuss the view that violence on screen can cause violence in society. The screening of violence and the effects it has on the media ahs been a controversial issue for a long time. Many researches have been carried out to prove or disprove the hypothesis that violence in the media can cause violence in society and as a result many theories have been formed. A theory that supports this hypothesis is the Hypodermic syringe model developed by Vance Packard in 1957 and a reflection of the popular belief at the era. The hypodermic syringe model sees the audience as a homogenous mass without any background experiences and therefore immediately affected by what they see in the media. Even though this view is very deterministic and ignores the fact that people may interpret things in different ways, some of the research carried out to find the relationship between violence portrayed in the media and violence in society supports this model. In 1963, Bandura, Ross and Ross showed three groups of children real, film and cartoon examples of a self righting doll known as the bobo doll being attacked by mallets, whilst a fourth group saw no violent activity. ...read more.


This study like the bobo doll study ignores the fact that other factors might have been at work, such as peer pressure influences. Also in the Eron study, there is no distinguishing between the types of violence, whether it's fictional or real life violence and also the criteria for children to be seen as violent is not distinguished. However there have been real life incidents that would support the hypodermic syringe theory, such as the shootings in the Columbine High school. A theory that disagrees with the Hypodermic syringe model is the Cultural effects model. This theory doesn't believe in the media having an immediate affect on the audience and recognizes the fact that the media audience is very diverse. Rather this theory argues that audiences are exposed to the media so much that the come to accept the preferred reading of programmes in the media. This theory suggests that audiences are exposed to violence in the media so much that they eventually come to accept violence and aggression as a norm in everyday life and culture. ...read more.


Blumer and McQuail (1968) argue that people watch what they want from the media, they have a choice as to what programmes to watch and that they are a heterogeneous and active group who have different interpretation and uses for the media. For example, Freshbach and Singer in 1971 studied bys aged nine to fifteen in homes for unprivileged children and boarding schools, the staff were told to allow one group to watch programmes with scenes of violence and another group had to watch non violent programmes. Later it was found that boys who had watched violence became less aggressive than before. The experimenters felt that one reason for this might have been that those who had watched violence felt privileged and those who were not allowed to resented it. As always such experiments are conducted under what might not be lab conditions but still not a real life situation. Also the research was carried out only on boys and therefore unrepresentative of the population as a whole. The research carried out and their findings are contradictory to such a degree that it remains largely inconclusive whether violence in the media has a direct effect in society. ?? ?? ?? ?? Niloofar Bozorgi Sociology 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Morality of War section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Morality of War essays

  1. 'Patriarchy explains the widespread nature of violence against women'. Discuss with reference to pa

    These disturbing facts and figures conclude that the family is probably the unsafe space for women. The problem of domestic violence in India is quite fundamental and is because in many homes it operates at the level of not being considered as a problem at all.

  2. "The media can largely be blamed for the worldwide increase in violence." To what ...

    Another group of people link the acceptance of violent entertainment to human beings' own innate taste for violence. They believe that the blame could not be placed on the shoulders of corporate giants in the media industry, as they are only catering to the demands of their customers.

  1. Fist stick knife gun, Geoffrey Canada (1995) - Violence and Youth in America

    Focusing on the social/environmental inducements to violence, Whitaker (2000) cites many of the same causal contributors as Canada (1995). In particular, Whitaker (2000) cites the proliferation of guns and the promotion of guns by gun manufacturers and anti-gun control organizations, the promotion of violence by the entertainment media and by

  2. Stanley Cohen is an example of a sociologist who has conducted research in order ...

    Belson also identified areas where violence had little effect: violence in sporting programmes, violent cartoons, science fiction and comedy violence including verbal abuse.

  1. How do different agencies respond to Domestic Violence?

    The second main focus for the government is protection and justice this is based on increasing legal protection for victims and their families. Over the last couple of years the main changes there have been concentrating on ensuring an effective police response when victims report domestic violence.

  2. Are children affected by Media?

    I mean, if you do not like violence or you wish something to be censored, then do not watch it! People do have the choice to look at it or not, so if they don't agree but watch it anyway then I think that is a bit hypocritical.

  1. By comparing 'The Homecoming' with at least one other appropriate play, discuss the importance ...

    Nevertheless, this method is effective because despite the lack physical violence, this is made up with stories aided by the vulgar and gruesome language. Pinter sets his play within one room in the comfortable domestic household.

  2. Forms of violence in The Bluest Eye

    He belonged to the former group:" (p.87). This very cruel passage demonstrates the strength and extent that this concept could reach at this time. Moreover, it goes further with Junior's character. He uses this ideology of superiority, which has been imposed to him, in order to make jokes to the other children.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work