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Outline Jewish ideas about the covenant relationship between God and his people? With particular reference to the Hebrew Scriptures.

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Outline Jewish ideas about the covenant relationship between God and his people? With particular reference to the Hebrew Scriptures. The word covenant means an agreement based upon a promise or understanding, which is entered into freely and binding. The covenant between Jews and God is that if they are good and do not sin God will reward them, but if they are bad God will punish them. The first sign of a covenant relationship in the Torah is in the story of Noah's Ark. In this story the world is full of sinners so God floods the earth to punish them. At the end of the story God promises that he will never flood the earth again, this can be found in Genesis 9:1-17: 'Then God said to Noah "I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be cut off by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth." The symbol of this covenant was a rainbow. There are many examples of different covenants all the way through the Torah. There is another side to the story and that is that God set rules for the Jews to obey. Near the end of the story the Jews were given rules about their diet, this is also thought to be part of the covenant because if they obey the rules then God will reward them but if they don't God will punish them. The rules can be found in Genesis 9:3-4. 'Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. ...read more.


This is significant to the Jews for the same reason that the Isaac story was, and that Jacob did not ignore the sign of God, but believed in God and that is why the Jewish religion has so many descendants. The most important of the covenants after the one with Abraham is the one that God made with Moses. In this covenant God says that Israel is a 'Chosen people' and that they serve God as if they were priests or of the highest authority. This story can be found in Exodus (which means 'Exit') chapter 19. This is the story set on Mount Sinai and is the story of when Moses received the Ten Commandments from God. The words of this covenant are the Ten Commandments. First God gave the people a set of laws that they must live by in the story of Noah's Ark (Genesis 9:1-17), and now in the story of Moses the people received another set and laws and also another covenant. Genesis 19:4-6 tells of the part where the covenant was delivered to Moses. 'You yourself have seen what I have done to Egypt, how I carried you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole world is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' ...read more.


In Hosea Chapter 11:9 it says "I will not carry out my fierce anger, nor will I turn and devastate Emphraim. For I am God, and not man-the Holy One among us. I will not come in wrath." This means that God cares about Israel and that just because he says this it doesn't mean he will not punish people for their sins. There are other prophets that have done this like Isaiah. In Isaiah it tells how Israel is the servant nation of God because the people of Israel worship and praise God. It says how God will restore Israel to glory one day and will make it a good place. In Isaiah Chapter 49 Isaiah says that God told him that Israel will be a great place. He said "Israel will be a light to the nations-so that all the world will be saved" God promises a lot of things to the Jews but only if they obey a few rules along the way. God promised not to flood the world again in the story of Noah's Ark, but all the people knew it might happen if the world sinned again. All the way through the Torah there are examples of how God has tried to prevent the world from sinning so he doesn't have to flood the world again. This shows that God cares about them and the Jews know that their relationship with God is good. They know if that they obey God rules and keep the agreement that they have with God, then he will not do any wrong towards the world and it's people. Louise Blacklock 10V3 1 ...read more.

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