• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the basic principles of sentencing

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the basic principles of sentencing Legal system is one of the most important parts of the Government, which directly affects the society and people in the society; as a result, researchers and criticisers have always inspected it. This essay will outline the basic principles of sentencing in United Kingdom. There are five general aims or functions or justifications of punishment in the UK's legal system, which are: 1. RETRIBUTION Retribution rests on the notion that if a person has knowingly done wrong, he or she deserves to be punished. This idea was at the heart of the previous Conservative Government's White Paper" Crime, Justice and Protecting the Public". The Government aims, repeated several times, were to ensure that convicted criminals receive their 'just desert'. Punishing offenders satisfies the requirement that a rule imposes a penalty for its own breach, that penalty must be imposed. 2. DETERRENCE There is a belief that punishment for crime can deter people from committing same offence and can stop criminals re-offending their crimes. There are two forms: * Specific deterrence is concerned with punishing an individual offender in the expectation that he will not offend again. ...read more.

Middle

Community service is another useful retribution, which could help offenders experience the feeling of being part of the society and work for it, as a kind of rehabilitation, whilst they are reimburse the cost of their crime to the society and the government. In this case, people who commit certain crimes related to the society, damaging public properties are mainly included. On the other hand, some people do not damage directly anything, but the result of their action will affect the regularity of the society and will cause some expenses to it. For instant, a driver who passes the red light could cause an accident which means more work for police and cleaners. In this situation, that driver will be fined. It seems to be difficult to say if they are successful in reducing the number of crimes. Each one has its own advantages and disadvantages. Imprisonment, the most serious punishment in the UK, makes people fear of committing crimes, but since the first time that someone goes to prison the fear of going to prison become less and less and does not deter further offending. ...read more.

Conclusion

Second, although the deterrent effect of capital punishment has been unjustifiably maligned, the evidence is overwhelming that the potential for negative consequences deters or alters behavior. History and the social sciences fully support that finding. Three major studies were released in 2001, all finding for the deterrent effect of the death penalty. One, out of Emory University, finds that "each execution results, on average, in 18 fewer murders--with a margin of error of plus or minus 10." Death penalty opponents want us to believe that the most severe criminal sanction--execution--deters no one. However, if reason is your guide and you remain unsure of deterrence, you are left with the following consideration. If the death penalty does deter, halting executions will cause more innocents to be slaughtered by giving murderers an additional opportunity to harm and murder again. In my opinion, the sentencing procedure and the punishments are not really affective, as we cannot see too much different in the crime rate after hundreds of years. If the legal system were completely perfect, we would not see any more crime in the society now. In fact, the sentencing system and the judgment system should be reformed and new way of justice should be developed, because a lot of innocent are being held incorrectly, because they cannot prove their innocence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Capital Punishment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Capital Punishment essays

  1. Our aim of for both questions is to explore the guilty conduct required of ...

    In Gibbins and Proctor4 a man and woman with whom he was living were convicted of murder of the man's child by withholding food. The father had breached the duty owed by parents to care for their children while Proctor, by taking money to buy food, had assumed a duty towards the child.

  2. Too Much Love, Fame and Hatred

    couple had either made serious contact throughout the last hours of McKendry or was a result of the sexual contact that they had mentioned. This being the biggest lead in the case to date, there was a major swoop and suddenly there were two of McKendry's ex-lovers in custody.

  1. The British Penal System

    The sentencing an offender will receive is considered by using a number of factors such as legal acts, the severity of the case and the other mitigating, troublesome factors. The potency of the Sentencing system within the UK can be viewed upon as reasonably effective because a recent home office

  2. Capital Punishment, is it an effective or ineffective deterrent?

    history of torture, and Alessandro was an official at a Milan prison had first hand experience of the prison's appalling conditions. In On Crimes and Punishments Beccaria presents one of the first sustained critiques of the use of capital punishment.

  1. Analyse the philosophical principles of at least one ethical theory and evaluate its application ...

    Biblical retribution offers little room for exploration of the acceptability of capital punishment. "A life for a life" is an inflexible standard and does not allow for a principled argument against the death penalty in all cases. The main objection to this standard is that in light of mitigating circumstances,

  2. Explain, by reference to decided cases, how the courts have approached the requirement of ...

    Goff LJ concluded that 'if a reasonable act of self defence against the act of the accused causes the death

  1. Source related work.

    Also you cant blame the source being the way it is written because as the source states it is a article from a East End newspaper you know straight away it's a newspaper and they never tell the truth

  2. “Billy Budd” - A Critical Analysis of Symbolism

    saying that true goodness, aspersed by a Satanic Claggart and doomed to death by a perplexed but upright Vere, even dead, is better than all the wisdom and experience of the world because it exists after death, and therefore triumphs."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work