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Outline the design argument for the existence of God. The teleological argument is an a posteriori argument. The word teleological

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Introduction

Outline the design argument for the existence of God. The teleological argument is an a posteriori argument. The word teleological comes from the Greek word "teleos" meaning end, or purpose. It is based on the idea that there is evidence of design in the world, as natural order shows more that simply chance. This, therefore, points to the idea of a designer. The classical argument for design has three premises, which lead to a conclusion. The universe has order, regularity and a purpose. This complexity shows evidence of design, which in turn implies a designer. This designer is God. The design argument can be split into two, Design qua Regularity, and Design qua Purpose. Design qua Regularity comes from the fact that there is evidence within the world, which shows regularity, for example the water cycle, or the sun rising everyday. ...read more.

Middle

William Paley (1743 - 1805) developed the analogy of the watch to help explain this. Paley says that he was crossing a heath, when he came across a stone, and then a watch. The complexity of the watch shows it has a design, and therefore a purpose. He says that you can see "its several parts are framed and put together for a purpose". He said that you do not need to know the purpose to know that is has one. From looking at the stone, you cannot see evidence of design, a designer, and therefore there is no evidence of a purpose. Other analogies include he eye: it was designed for a specific purpose, which therefore shows evidence of an intelligent designer. The lacteal system also shows this. Throughout the animal kingdom, the number of teats the mother has is proportional to the number of young she produces. This again shows evidence of an intelligent designer. ...read more.

Conclusion

He said that "nature is not only beautiful in places, it is saturated with beauty". Tennant says that our ability to appreciate the beauty in which we live is not necessary for the survival or development of life, "From an intelligibility point of view, beauty seems to be superfluous, and have little survival value. It cannot be the result of natural selection, and it therefore shows evidence of design. Richard Swinburne, a modern philosopher, accepted the Anthropic Principle, and also that the universe is regulated by laws. He agreed with Tennant, who said that a chaotic universe is possible, and Swinburne then went on to say that the fact that it isn't chaotic suggests design, rather than chance. He considered the view that it came down to probability. We have to decide which is more probable, random chance, or design. The complexity of the universe caused Swinburne to believe that design is far more probable. If there is design, he concluded that God was the simplest answer. ?? ?? ?? ?? Hannah Leaton 12.5 ...read more.

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