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Outline the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God?

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Introduction

Outline the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God? The word Cosmological argument comes from the word cosmos, which refers to the world or universe as a well-organized and perfect system. The cosmological argument is a classic argument, which tries to prove the existence of God, and this argument is based on the fact that the world's existence needs to be explained. The cosmological argument is an argument that starts from the existence of the universe, to try and prove that God exists. To answer this, we should first try and answer this question: Why is there a universe? It was either put there or it has always existed, but no one knows for sure. But there must be a reason that the universe exists, either it is infinite and has always existed, or someone must have put it there to begin with. ...read more.

Middle

is: "Because it is based on what can be seen in the world and the universe" which is saying, that things are based on experience and the world must have been created. This is Thomas Aquinas' version. He believed that there is no doubt that there is a God, and these are his 5 proofs that God exists. Three of which are relevant to the cosmological argument. These are: * The first way is an argument of motion- "it's necessary to arrive at a first mover by no other; and this everyone understands to be God". This means that things don't happen by themselves, something must have caused it. (Prime mover), so everything that happens has a cause and this cause in turn has a cause, so all things must have a starting point. ...read more.

Conclusion

By going backwards in time forever we will need arrive at such a complete explanation, for there is nothing within the universe to show why it exists- so the reason for its existence must lie outside of it. Richard Swinbourne argued that the answer lies in the fact that there ought, actually, to be nothing rather than something. The fact that there is something suggests a creator. People often say that 'things cannot have got going by themselves'. This argument can be called 'the beginning argument;, and is sometimes referred to as the 'Kalam cosmological argument' which is popular in the religion of Islam. Since everything that begins to exist has a cause of its existence, and since the universe began to exist, the universe has a cause of its existence. Transcending the entire universe that exists as a cause which brought the universe into being. ...read more.

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