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Outline the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God?

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Introduction

Outline the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God? The word Cosmological argument comes from the word cosmos, which refers to the world or universe as a well-organized and perfect system. The cosmological argument is a classic argument, which tries to prove the existence of God, and this argument is based on the fact that the world's existence needs to be explained. The cosmological argument is an argument that starts from the existence of the universe, to try and prove that God exists. To answer this, we should first try and answer this question: Why is there a universe? It was either put there or it has always existed, but no one knows for sure. But there must be a reason that the universe exists, either it is infinite and has always existed, or someone must have put it there to begin with. This we call God, so we call God the prime mover i.e. the creator. A contingent being is referred to as us, humans, as we all have a beginning and an end. ...read more.

Middle

This means that things don't happen by themselves, something must have caused it. (Prime mover), so everything that happens has a cause and this cause in turn has a cause, so all things must have a starting point. * The second way is an argument from the universal fact of cause and effect- "therefore it is necessary to admit a first cause, to which everyone gives the name of God". This says that the universe must have been created, which means there had to be a creator. * The third way follows from the fact that things in nature come into existence and go out of existence- "necessary, having of itself its own necessity...this all men speak of as God". There needs to be a necessity being, which people believe was God, he thought there was a time that the universe did not exist, and so God must have created it. * The fourth way from the fact that things in nature come into existence and go out of existence- "Therefore there must be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God". ...read more.

Conclusion

Leibiniz put forward his argument about the cosmological argument as follows: "Suppose the book of the elements of geometry to have been eternal, one copy having been written down from an earlier one. It is evident that even though a reason can be given for the present book out of a past one, we should never come to a full reason" Here he's saying that nothing takes place without a sufficient reason (a full explanation). If there was a sufficient reason for the book, then you have to go back to when something is not dependant on anything else. There have been other explanations of whether God did exist or not, but there is no proof that there is, or isn't a God. My overall conclusion of this is that I do believe that something caused the world to happen. I personally do believe that God created the universe, but it is up to the individual to what they want to believe, but I do also think that God is not the only solution to the existence of the universe. Influence from your family may influence your opinion, but it is not there decision, you can only make that choice, not your family. ...read more.

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