• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God? The word Cosmological argument comes from the word cosmos, which refers to the world or universe as a well-organized and perfect system. The cosmological argument is a classic argument, which tries to prove the existence of God, and this argument is based on the fact that the world's existence needs to be explained. The cosmological argument is an argument that starts from the existence of the universe, to try and prove that God exists. To answer this, we should first try and answer this question: Why is there a universe? It was either put there or it has always existed, but no one knows for sure. But there must be a reason that the universe exists, either it is infinite and has always existed, or someone must have put it there to begin with. This we call God, so we call God the prime mover i.e. the creator. A contingent being is referred to as us, humans, as we all have a beginning and an end. ...read more.

Middle

This means that things don't happen by themselves, something must have caused it. (Prime mover), so everything that happens has a cause and this cause in turn has a cause, so all things must have a starting point. * The second way is an argument from the universal fact of cause and effect- "therefore it is necessary to admit a first cause, to which everyone gives the name of God". This says that the universe must have been created, which means there had to be a creator. * The third way follows from the fact that things in nature come into existence and go out of existence- "necessary, having of itself its own necessity...this all men speak of as God". There needs to be a necessity being, which people believe was God, he thought there was a time that the universe did not exist, and so God must have created it. * The fourth way from the fact that things in nature come into existence and go out of existence- "Therefore there must be something which is to all beings the cause of their being, goodness, and every other perfection; and this we call God". ...read more.

Conclusion

Leibiniz put forward his argument about the cosmological argument as follows: "Suppose the book of the elements of geometry to have been eternal, one copy having been written down from an earlier one. It is evident that even though a reason can be given for the present book out of a past one, we should never come to a full reason" Here he's saying that nothing takes place without a sufficient reason (a full explanation). If there was a sufficient reason for the book, then you have to go back to when something is not dependant on anything else. There have been other explanations of whether God did exist or not, but there is no proof that there is, or isn't a God. My overall conclusion of this is that I do believe that something caused the world to happen. I personally do believe that God created the universe, but it is up to the individual to what they want to believe, but I do also think that God is not the only solution to the existence of the universe. Influence from your family may influence your opinion, but it is not there decision, you can only make that choice, not your family. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Outline the key features of the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God

    He basically argued that everything is in motion, and this must eventually lead to a first mover who is uncaused. Therefore Plato came up with the conclusion of God, and defined God as the 'first cause' or the 'first mover'.

  2. The Nature of God Religious Studies Coursework. I am going to explain, discuss and ...

    One says to the other, 'It must be that a gardener has been coming and doing something about these weeds.' The other disagrees and an argument ensues. They pitch their tents and set a watch. No gardener is ever seen.

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    Evaluate the design argument (17) The design argument has many strengths and weaknesses. The argument primarily appeals to those who already believe in God and have an objective understanding of laws but the problem is to do with atheists or those who do not accept objective law.

  2. Examine the key features of the Cosmological for the existence of God. For what ...

    The second way, he identified a series of causes and effects in the universe. Aquinas observed that nothing can be the cause of itself, as this would mean that it would have had to exist before it existed. This would be a logical impossibility.

  1. Examine the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God St ...

    He explained this in his first way because if the universe were finite then there would have never been a beginning and no first mover, which brought contingent beings into existence. He consequently deemed this as impossible. William Lain Craig also believed that the universe couldn't be infinite because you cannot add to an infinite amount.

  2. What are the key ideas of the cosmological argument for the existence of God? ...

    If he didn't exist then we wouldn't exist. F C Copleston also agrees that there has to be a necessary being. "We do not explain the presence here and now of beings capable of existing or not existing. Therefore we must affirm the existence of a being which is absolutely necessary and completely independent".

  1. Jewish concepts of God ...

    It appropriately begins with the declaration, "In the beginning God..." -The message from this first Bible verse through the last verse of Revelation is that God is the beginning, the end, and the fulfillment of all things. It is in Him that we live, breathe and have our being.

  2. Outline the various forms of the cosmological argument for the existence of God

    Thomas Aquinas's third way acknowledged the unforeseen event of matter in the universe. On the basis of the fact that the things come into existence and later cease to exist, he concluded that there must have been a time when nothing existed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work