• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the reasons why some beliefs about God mean that suffering poses particular problems for religious believers.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Natasha Swain Outline the reasons why some beliefs about God mean that suffering poses particular problems for religious believers There are many reasons why suffering causes problems for religious believers. These reasons portray the negative problems about God and why this has an effect on religious believers. This shows problems for theists, as god is part of their everyday lives, which can question them to think about their religion. "Either God cannot abolish evil, or he will not; if he cannot then he is not all powerful; if he will not then he is not all good" This shows that not only theists have problems, it also conveys the atheists have a valid argument against God. This quote is from a theologian, Augustine. There are many types of diverse problems that religious believers have to deal when considering evil and suffering in the world. There are two main types of evil. Moral evil is the man-made evil and Natural evil is evil, which is done naturally and cannot be stopped by man. Moral evil includes things such as, war and murdering. Although natural evil can be blamed for the existence of evil it is hard for believers to believe that hurricanes and floods are due to God. In their eyes evil does not exist because otherwise god created it, therefore they may doubt whether evil or God exists. ...read more.

Middle

Natasha Swain Examine and comment on the success or otherwise of any TWO theodicies There are two important theodicies, which discuss the problem of Evil and Suffering. These theodicies are; The Augustinian Theodicy and The Irenaean Theodicy. I will be focusing on these theodicies and see if they are a success or a failure for supporting the theodicies of evil and suffering. These theodicies challenge the existence of God because he is all-powerful and all loving so why does evil and suffering occur? The Augustine theodicy is the soul-deciding theodicy. There are many points about evil and suffering and how God is not part of the equation. This is an historical view with, lots of variation. Augustine said that God has created a perfect world, a world that is made out of nothing. 'Ex-Nihilo' Therefore the world God created is changeable and corruptible. God has given all of us freewill so the excuse of moral and natural evil comes from the fact that people have abused the freewill God has given us. He also said that as a substance evil does not exist because otherwise God created it- as God created a perfect world. Evil is an absence of good. There is also a point about the fallen - angels. This was the people who sinned against God and has abused freewill e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

Natasha Swain In comparison the Irenaean theodicy also has many weaknesses. What is the point of a pilgrimage? If God determines our end result what is the point of a pilgrimage, so if you are evil how can it be justified when it is not already realised? Creation was not done in an instant, so God made people suffer a long, slow, painful process. This thoedicy is unfair to good people. Everyone therefore has to follow a moral code so they do not end up in hell. If suffering is not through God, then why is there so much suffering? Many people have been ruined or destroyed. This is a painful process- even though it leads to an infinite good how can he express the term to be divine goodness? "Was such a divine sledgehammer really necessary to crack the human nut?" In conclusion to this essay one may argue that evil and suffering is portrayed through God-especially atheists. However for many religious believers is shows problems because many of the reasons are shown through God and his attributes. If God were not described as omnipotent, omniscient and benevolent then how would people be able to judge God? However there are many good things in the world and good must come at a cost so we must encounter some evil through our lives-even theists. "And no attempt to give an overall view of the meaning and purpose of life can be credible if it overlooks them." 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. 1.) Compare and contrast the Augustinian and Irenaean theodicies and their attempts to solve ...

    How far do they succeed? St Augustine's argument that evil originated from the Fall of humanity, not only absolves God of creating evil but also allows Him to show the world His love by bringing Christ into the world, to die for everyone's sins.

  2. Is God really there? If he is, does he care? And if he does, ...

    and injures himself then their injuries are obviously partially due to their own personal sin. However what can be said when suffering is subjected to a person who has made no obvious sins in theirs life? When pious people suffer from sickness, bereavements etc the question is often raised, 'what did I do to deserve this?'

  1. Show how the theodicies of Irenaeus and Augustine account for natural evil.

    This problem itself occurs because of certain qualities which religious believers believe God to have, and the consequences of these qualities due to the natural evil in the world. These qualities are omnibenevolence, omnipotence, and omniscience. Most religious believers would not want to deny these qualities, however these questions may be asked.

  2. "Religious experience is all in the mind of the believer" -Examine and comment on ...

    of the person who has them, not of the objective existence of the being who is said to produce them i.e. God. In the book 'Philosophy of Religion' by Anne Jordan, Neil Lockyer & Edwin Tate it says religious experience is where you 'conjure up a wide and diverse series

  1. Logical Positivism and the Meaninglessness of Religious Language.

    Religious believers do claim that 'love should be the most important thing in life,' but they claim this because God exists, whose nature is love, and because human beings were created in God's image.[5] Hence the non-cognitivist approach is unrepresentative of the way in which religious believers intend to use their religious language.

  2. Explain how natural evil may be seen as a challenge to belief in God ...

    He grants eternal life and makes everything good. To a believer God is all-loving, as well as omnipotent, because he is all merciful-for Christians he gave his own son to suffer and die for them (the atonement). So it would be hard for them to not believe that God is all loving and omnipotent.

  1. Good and Evil

    Hell is the ultimate alienation from God, he said. Firstly although this argument appeals powerfully to many modern thinkers, it is essentially un-Christian. The Bible portrays Satan and sin as active, independent forces against which one must struggle, they are therefore not mere voids. Secondly, if to be with God is good; to be distant from him is evil,

  2. Arguments about god.

    The first love ever, to Christians was when God created humans he loved us dearly and still does. When Adam and Eve betrayed him and he banished them from the garden, he made clothes for them, to hide their nudity, which they where ashamed of.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work