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Outline the reasons why some beliefs about God mean that suffering poses particular problems for religious believers.

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Introduction

Natasha Swain Outline the reasons why some beliefs about God mean that suffering poses particular problems for religious believers There are many reasons why suffering causes problems for religious believers. These reasons portray the negative problems about God and why this has an effect on religious believers. This shows problems for theists, as god is part of their everyday lives, which can question them to think about their religion. "Either God cannot abolish evil, or he will not; if he cannot then he is not all powerful; if he will not then he is not all good" This shows that not only theists have problems, it also conveys the atheists have a valid argument against God. This quote is from a theologian, Augustine. There are many types of diverse problems that religious believers have to deal when considering evil and suffering in the world. There are two main types of evil. Moral evil is the man-made evil and Natural evil is evil, which is done naturally and cannot be stopped by man. Moral evil includes things such as, war and murdering. Although natural evil can be blamed for the existence of evil it is hard for believers to believe that hurricanes and floods are due to God. In their eyes evil does not exist because otherwise god created it, therefore they may doubt whether evil or God exists. ...read more.

Middle

Natasha Swain Examine and comment on the success or otherwise of any TWO theodicies There are two important theodicies, which discuss the problem of Evil and Suffering. These theodicies are; The Augustinian Theodicy and The Irenaean Theodicy. I will be focusing on these theodicies and see if they are a success or a failure for supporting the theodicies of evil and suffering. These theodicies challenge the existence of God because he is all-powerful and all loving so why does evil and suffering occur? The Augustine theodicy is the soul-deciding theodicy. There are many points about evil and suffering and how God is not part of the equation. This is an historical view with, lots of variation. Augustine said that God has created a perfect world, a world that is made out of nothing. 'Ex-Nihilo' Therefore the world God created is changeable and corruptible. God has given all of us freewill so the excuse of moral and natural evil comes from the fact that people have abused the freewill God has given us. He also said that as a substance evil does not exist because otherwise God created it- as God created a perfect world. Evil is an absence of good. There is also a point about the fallen - angels. This was the people who sinned against God and has abused freewill e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

Natasha Swain In comparison the Irenaean theodicy also has many weaknesses. What is the point of a pilgrimage? If God determines our end result what is the point of a pilgrimage, so if you are evil how can it be justified when it is not already realised? Creation was not done in an instant, so God made people suffer a long, slow, painful process. This thoedicy is unfair to good people. Everyone therefore has to follow a moral code so they do not end up in hell. If suffering is not through God, then why is there so much suffering? Many people have been ruined or destroyed. This is a painful process- even though it leads to an infinite good how can he express the term to be divine goodness? "Was such a divine sledgehammer really necessary to crack the human nut?" In conclusion to this essay one may argue that evil and suffering is portrayed through God-especially atheists. However for many religious believers is shows problems because many of the reasons are shown through God and his attributes. If God were not described as omnipotent, omniscient and benevolent then how would people be able to judge God? However there are many good things in the world and good must come at a cost so we must encounter some evil through our lives-even theists. "And no attempt to give an overall view of the meaning and purpose of life can be credible if it overlooks them." 1 ...read more.

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