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Overview of Buddhism.

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Introduction

Overview of Buddhism Buddhism was founded by Gautama Buddha, who lived on the Indian subcontinent, in or around fifth century BCE. Buddha taught life was inherently suffering, that is caused by craving, but curable by the Eightfold Path, which is used to gain nirvana.The eight aspects of the path are not to be understood as a sequence of single steps, instead they are interdependent that have to be seen in relationship with each other. 1. Right View Right view is the beginning and the end of the path, it simply means to see and to understand things as they really are and to realize the Four Noble Truth. As such, right view is an aspect of wisdom. It means to see things through, to grasp the impermanent and imperfect nature of worldly objects and ideas, and to understand the law of karma and karmic conditioning. Right view is not necessarily just intellectual , just as wisdom is not just a matter of intelligence. Instead, right view is attained, sustained, and enhanced through all capacities of mind. It begins with the insight that all beings are subject to suffering and it ends with complete understanding of the true nature of all things. ...read more.

Middle

to abstain from taking what is not given, which includes stealing, robbery, fraud, deceitfulness, and dishonesty, and 3. to abstain from sexual misconduct. Positively formulated, right action means to act kindly and compassionately, to be honest, to respect the belongings of others, and to keep sexual relationships harmless to others. Further details regarding the concrete meaning of right action can be found in the 5. Right Livelihood Right livelihood means that one should earn one's living in a righteous way and that wealth should be gained legally and peacefully. The Buddha mentions four specific activities that harm other beings and that one should avoid for this reason: 1. dealing in weapons, 2. dealing in living beings (including raising animals for slaughter as well as slave trade and prostitution), 3. working in meat production and butchery, and 4. selling intoxicants and poisons, such as alcohol and drugs. Furthermore any other occupation that would violate the principles of right speech and right action should be avoided. 6. Right Effort Right effort can be seen as a requirement for the other principles of the path. Without effort, which is in itself an act of will, nothing can be achieved, whereas misguided effort distracts the mind from its task, and confusion will be the consequence. ...read more.

Conclusion

The death of Buddha caused the search of a new ruler even though Gautama said many times Ali was to be his successor. This caused Buddhism to be separated into different doctrines by their region. Buddhism's inner struggles caused it to travel further east of India and many more countries experienced Gautama's teachings. After more than 1500 years the decline of Buddhism in India, caused by several factors, would lead to the virtual extinction of Indian Buddhism by the 13th century. Mahayana and Hinayana Buddhist came into play of the religion. Mahayana Buddhist believe that the right path of a follower will lead to the redemption of human beings. The Hinayana believe that each person is responsible for their own fate. Today less than 17% of India's population is Buddhist. There are 327 million Buddhist worldwide and most are found in countries east of India. If Buddha was at this juncture today he would be traumatized to found so few in his home country that don't follow his religion that he spent his life finding nirvana. there are different doctrines of his teachings and he will be confused of their teachings, but one thing that stayed the same was the goal of nirvana. In conclusion, just like so many other religions Buddhism has changed because of the changing times in the modern world. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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