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Philosophy - teleological argument.

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Introduction

AS Philosophy a) Briefly explain what is meant when an argument is described as 'teleological' This argument is referred to as the design argument. This argument compared to the ontological is simpler and appeals to our common sense more. It is an argument that gathers evidence, and uses our experience of things from everyday life. The word teleological comes from the Greek word telos, which means 'end' or 'purpose'. This means that we are attempting to prove that God designed this world, or that there is a designer. This necessarily doesn't mean that the designer is also the creator. b) Outline and illustrate how the teleological argument for the existence of God uses analogy. William Paley and David Hume both use analogy for their versions of the teleological argument. Paley described a scene where an individual walked across a beach and finds a stone. ...read more.

Middle

Hume criticises Paley's argument saying that we cannot compare man made artefacts to the universe. David Hume had actually criticized this argument before Paley set it out. Hume asks that if the world is complex it must be created by a complex mind; but who created such a mind. In other words, why do we have to stop this search for explanations at God? Why not carry on to the creator of God and so on. His second criticism was that the world contained evil. If we argue from the facts in the world in order to arrive at God's existence; we end up with at least a God who is not good and who is not powerful enough to bring his intentions about. Hume suggests a third point. Why believe in one God as creator and not many? ...read more.

Conclusion

The logical positivists say that the teleological argument does not fulfil the criteria for meaningful language because is cannot be checked. We make our conclusions about a topic due to research and experimentation, in this case we are not able to look from an outside view and make judgements. So how are we able to justify the teleological argument as a logical theory? Logical positivists also say that until we see what the world would look like if it wasn't designed, we cannot claim that it is designed. Personal life experiences can also influence ones judgment on the teleological argument. Our own worldly experiences may influence our beliefs or our beliefs may influence our worldly experiences. Could there be a difference in the way the world is seen by a believer and a non-believer? A believer may see a miracle of God in the sky proving Gods existence to him whereas a non-believer looking at the same sky may see the beauty of nature. ...read more.

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