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GCSE: Existence of God
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- Peer Reviewed essays 1
The Bible states that the world was created in 6 days by an omnibenevolent creature, while most Scientists believe that the world we see today is a result of billions of years of consequences and evolution, which is a stark contrast to 6 days. They'd argue that one of them has to be true and one false, but there is no way they can both be true. Finally, many people would argue most Scientists has a desire to know everything that happens that could possibly happen in the universe, and are not willing to let their future be controlled by somebody else.
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to suffer, especially without any apparent reason. For example, we can take the horrific event that was the holocaust. During the holocaust, approximately ten million people died; millions more suffered. How could a loving God have allowed this to occur? Some claim that the holocaust, and indeed other times of suffering throughout Jewish history have been a punishment sent by God. In my opinion, if that is the case, it seems more like a cruel take on corporal punishment on God's part. The holocaust may actually serve as an example for my next point. It is widely claimed that the Holocaust caused many people to lose their faith in God.
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The Nature of God Religious Studies Coursework. I am going to explain, discuss and give my own opinion on the existence of God. In Section A I will cover the ways in which Christians prove the existence of God, in Section B I will address some of the prob
They also believe that God is all knowing, all-loving and all-powerful although different people will see God in a different way depending on what we 'require' him for. Each of us may also see God differently depending on how he wants us to depict him and how he wants us to see the ultimate truth. The word argument, by definition is 'a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true'. This must mean that to argue for the fact that God exists; you must use tangible objects and examples in your argument, not just ideas and thoughts.
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Therefore, we turn to evidence rather than our own knowledge. Evidence of God's personality can be found in the Bible, through personal experience, or through miracles. Most of these sources are reliable, because the personal ones have happened to someone, so that person is convinced, and then it's down to how persuasive they are about what they experienced. The Bible incorporates the miracles into it, but it was written so long ago and by people who knew Jesus personally but still we don't know them and therefore we don't know how trustworthy they are.
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or reports an encounter with divine powers. I think that this type of experience increases the individual or individuals' beliefs about their religion, and in particular God, this is because after having this experience they may feel a stronger connection to God. Moreover, the sharing of the experience may be used by those who have already have a strong faith to further support their particular religion, and if the religious experience was experienced by a large number of people, this would probably add more persuasion to the (religious)
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There has and always will be questions about the beginning and the making of the universe. Of course, there have been lots of theories, some of them even questioning the existence of God.
Aquinas inspired other philosophers to think up more scientific theories. William Paley had the next breakthrough. In 1743-1805, he believed that everything had to be designed. His explanation said that if you had never seen a watch before and found it on the ground; you would most probably examine it. If you opened the watch up you would find very complex machinery, something that could not just come into being, it would have had to be designed. He then used this to argue that because the universe was so complex, far more complex than a watch, it must have been designed, and the designer being God.
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If you say I don't know and so I can't choose whether God does or does not exist then you actually end up living in THIS world as if he doesn't exist. So Pascal is saying God is or God is not. Pascal said, "Come then, what will you wager?" Although Pascal stated that people needed to make a gamble on God, he also stated that there is a way in winning in the gamble, believing in God. Pascal said that if you are wrong and God exists then you stand to lose a great deal.
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A big part of a Catholic upbringing a home full of love and faithfulness. By this I mean a home that has a crucifix, a bible and where a child is taught prayers that they will remember for the rest of their lives and most probably they will be their favourite prayers too. This means that even at home the child is encouraged to believe that God exists and sees it as the norm to believe in God. Taking the child to church this allows the child to see other people worshiping God.
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This feeling can be described as something that is beyond human experience that exists outside the material world. A numinous experience of mine was when my younger brother, Joseph, was born, the feeling of holding him for the first time made me think that there was something far superior to any human being. Conversion is the word used to describe an experience of God. This experience makes that person or those people change their ways, life and future by giving themselves to God.
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In addition, God chose the people to be the stewards of his creations. If that is the case, then wouldn't Christians, Catholics and other religious organizations would have done something already to change the world. As far as I've known, the world is still suffering because of the some horrible people who were destroying nature and harming other people because of something they desire. Once, Hitler said that "I am now as before a Catholic and will always remain so."
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The cosmological argument states that the realistic explanation for the creation of the universe is that there was a 'first cause' that was uncaused by anything existing before it. This 'first cause' is God. God was never created and was always there beyond space and time. This could be perceived as impossible, but if you think of God as a 'spirit' and not matter then this argument makes a lot of sense. There is logic in his argument in the sense that it is true that something could not have sprung from nothing as that is illogical.
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Analyse the key concepts of religious experience as an argument for the existence of God and evaluate the view that the argument supports the probability of the existence of God
Distinguishing between public and private experiences as key concepts shows both negative and positive points in arguing for the existence of God. For example, Private experiences are less easily verified as they are singular and therefore dependent on their interpretation, however it cannot be denied that dramatic conversion experiences have been influenced by something mystical. The term 'seeing-as' is a concept of religious experience, as it argues for the perception of the individual rather than the existence of God through religious experiences.
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K: Wow, what a fascinating background, what about you Prof. Dawkins? D: I am a British ethnologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science author. I am a professorial fellow of New College, Oxford, I am an atheist and I believe Darwin's evolution theory. K: I see we have two highly educated people here today with us. So could you outline your main views on religion and science? G: I am Muslim, and a quantum scientist. I believe that religion and science can work together side by side and evolve together, without there being any conflict as well as having no disputes.
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There are some strengths in this case, which sways people to believe in this argument. One strength is that this argument explains how the universe was created as this argument states that the world itself is evidence of the existence of God. Another strength is that the way Aquinas has explained his argument, is hard to disprove because it is simple and very easily understood, and most importantly, logical. It is not logical for something to cause itself, and therefore must be caused by something else (i.e. God). Unfortunately, there are many more weaknesses and criticisms to this argument than there are strengths.
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They looked, not at the evidence that God was not present, but at events that proved he was. Take for example the fact that the hijacked flights that day could have accommodated 1000 passengers but took just over a quarter of that-266. Or little uncanny miracles like the man who had just bought a new pair of shoes that very morning and made his way to work but got a blister on his way there. He stopped at a drugstore to buy a Band-Aid and was there when the attack took place. Many religious people believe that that blister-through God-saved his live.
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There he met Adam Sedgwick and John Stevens Henslow. These two people where influential figures in his life. They taught him to become an observer of natural phenomenon and a collector of specimens. Darwin's Theories and Discoveries After graduating from Cambridge in 1831, he was brought aboard the English survey ship HMS Beagle as an unpaid naturalist and was set to go on a scientific expedition around the world. Darwin set sail on 27 December that year for what was to be a five-year journey. The most important part of the voyage for Darwin turned out to be a few weeks spent in the Galapagos islands, which are on the equator about 1000km from the coast of South America.
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However, everyone is able to agree that the shape of a square has four sides, or the Earth is round. These are natural, and therefore cannot be changed. Aristotle says that we use our reason, which is given to us by the God of Classical Theism according to the Old Testament, to look at nature. This act is known as Synderesis. Once we have done this, we are told that we should apply the laws of nature to how we live our lives.
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Aquinas uses Aristotle's research as a basis for his argument. Aristotle looked at nature, and how everything seems to have been caused by an Uncaused Causer, which Aristotle labelled the Prime Mover. When the Western Hemisphere disagreed with Aristotle's teachings as they did not include the idea of a God, Aquinas combined the teachings of Christianity with Aristotle's idea of a Prime Mover, stating that God was the Prime Mover. According to Aquinas, God can be known through human rationality, Reason, and divinely revealed truths not available to reason, Revelation.
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In his first argument, Anselm does not try to prove the existence of God, but attempts to demonstrate it. Anselm explains that the word God is Analytic; the meaning contained in the word God is 'that than which nothing greater can be conceived'. When we see this, we accept it, and it is in our minds, In Intellectu. It is better for something to be both in our minds, In Intellectu, and in reality, In Re, than for it to just be in our minds. Because God is 'that than which nothing greater can be conceived', he must exist in both the mind and in reality.
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To one group of people, they will imply a set of rules, usually created by one authority figure, which will be followed. This is Absolutism. However, if they happen to stumble upon another group of people, they shall notice that they also have a set of rules. Instantly and instinctively, each group would believe their set of rules are universally correct, and the other group has grasped the wrong idea. This example shows that there is no possible solution of deciding what beliefs are correct and which are not, unless there is a greater being who has created life and the universe.
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On day five, the animals are created and are told to be fruitful and multiply over the earth, seas and sky. On the last day, God brought forth the land-based animals such as cattle and importantly, God created man in his own image to have dominion over all animals of the earth, sky and sea. However, in Genesis Chapter 2 there is a greater emphasis on the creation of humankind. In this account, God created the mist that watered the whole face of the ground.
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A watch is also designed to serve a purpose; to tell the time. Similarly, the universe is very intricate, complicated and sophisticated and just like the watch it serves a purpose - natural resources provide food, light and shelter, all of which are necessary for human existence and sustainability. Both a watch and the universe are products of intelligent design; they simply could not have appeared just by chance. Because a watch has a designer, William Paley believes that the universe too must have a designer, which leads us on to the belief that this designer is God, thus, proving his existence.
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And if God is omnipotence, he should be able to make us better, stronger people without making us suffer. 'If we didn't have bad things in the world, we wouldn't appreciate the good things that happen to us.' also shows us God is not omnipotence - what is more - he is not benevolence either. If God is omnipotence, he must have ways to make us appreciate the good things without making us suffering and if this argument is right then God is trying to making us think he is omnibenevolence and give us good things by making us suffer to contrast with the goods to make it even clearer.
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Others might believe that the universe needs an ultimate cause and only God can explain this. Other Christians might have a personal experience of God, for example they may have prayed for healing and felt that God cured them. These are all explanations to god's existence. They might say that god is creator, because there must be a first cause or they say that the world is an intelligent planet so somebody must have made it; they might also say that you feel bad when you commit a felony or do something that you're not meant to be doing god is making you have that feeling.
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Atheists argue that someone should only believe in something if there is hard proof for it. However believers would claim that miracles are hard proof. Miracles are defined as a supernatural event that is considered the work of God. In Christianity Jesus gave sight to the blind which is a miracle and done by God, so God must exist. The existence of evil in the world is another thing to argue about when talking about the existence of God. Religious people believe that God does exist and that God is omnipotent, omnibenevolent and omniscient.
- Word count: 700