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Poverty Research Paper

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Introduction

Poverty Research Paper According to Global Issues, an organization that educates the public about world concerns, half the world, nearly three billion people, lives on less than two dollars a day (Global Issues). More and more children are being thrust into a deprived kind of environment every day. If measures are not taken to prevent this, tomorrow's children will not have as many opportunities, benefits or the same quality of life in the future. Although poverty causes an abundance of problems, most can be thwarted simply by knowledge. Poverty is a worldwide tragedy that, without proper precautions, will continue to divide the world according to those who have and those who have not. Lack of education is one of the major causes of poverty (Oxfam.org.uk). The relationship between education and poverty reduction is very clear: educated people have higher income earning potential and are better able to improve the quality of their lives. Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names (Global Issues). People with at least a basic education are more likely to avail themselves of a range of social services and to participate more actively in local and national governments through voting and community involvement. Children suffering in poor families are less likely to enroll in and complete schooling because of the additional costs of attending school even when it is said to be "free." For example, the cost of uniforms, supplies, and transportation is usually too expensive for poor families to afford, especially when there are several children of school age. ...read more.

Middle

This breaks down to one million per month and 40,000 children everyday. Although most countries do have enough food to go around, many are still lacking. This can be because of a variety of reasons. The major ones are: Land and Environment: 70% of the world's people live in rural areas which needs land. However, in a country such as the Philippines, 500 landowners own 137 million acres of rich land and seven million people are landless. Trade before People: Developing countries use much of their land to grow crops for export to have currency to pay off debts to world banks. Prices for such cash crops are controlled by major companies in developed countries. War: War disrupts lives, uses up public monies, destroys infrastructure, creates refugees and displaces people from their homes and livelihoods. Natural Disasters: Many developing countries are prone to cyclones, floods and drought and when these do happen they simply do not have the money or infrastructure of government to clean up the mess and repair the damage. Large Companies: Major companies use their power to determine supply and price of commodities and dictate the rules of world trade. They operate only in countries where they can get the best tax deals, the cheapest labor and materials. Lack of Education: Today, 125 million kids are not enrolled in primary school. 150 million will leave school with no basic literary skills. With $US8 billion over the next 10 years, every child could be educated. ...read more.

Conclusion

Families that receive low wages can barely support their basic living costs. Thus they would not have enough money for programs that would aid their children's education. Not having enough money for educational programs leads to the individual behavior of illiteracy and lower education. In turn this will lead to having low self-esteem because they know that they will basically be stuck in poverty for the rest of their lives. This is why economic development throughout the world is another contributing factor in preventing poverty. All countries need to keep their people in the labor force so they can earn money to afford the basic need of life. Without having the basic needs malnutrition, poor health, crime, drug use, mental illness, and starvation can occur. Governments need to emphasize citizen's need for basic work skills, which will keep them employed and hopefully living above the poverty level. Everyone, poor or rich, needs a home, clothing, and food and if these measures are taken, the people of tomorrow will be able to have them. Poverty is an issue which the world faces everyday. It is a constant struggle that cannot be ignored anymore. Defeating poverty will take great efforts and contributions from all. People must better educate the youth and ensure that education is available for everyone all over the world. We also need to ensure that everyone has a job and that they earn an amount substantial enough to live on. People need to realize that poverty affects everyone, not only the poor and uneducated. Poverty is powerful force that, if not stopped soon, will have a devastating impact on the world as we know it. ...read more.

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