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R.E. Medical issues

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Introduction

Religious Education Coursework Ahmed Al-Rubie 10s Coursework - Religion and Medical Issues A i) Medical treatments for infertility have come a long way over the past decade offering the possibility of parenthood to most couples seeking medical intervention. While the process of selecting a medical practice for fertility treatment can often be a confusing and emotionally draining experience for couples faced with infertility, the choices you make about your medical care can profoundly affect your future. Medical technology has provided many solutions for couples in the modern world which are known as embryo technology - all at a price of course. They are the following: IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) - is of Latin origin. It's basically a method of assisted reproduction that involves combining an egg with sperm in a laboratory dish. If the egg fertilizes and begins cell division, the resulting embryo is transferred into the woman's uterus where it will hopefully implant in the uterine lining and further develop. The woman's partner's sperm or a donor may be used. AIH (artificial insemination by husband): A procedure in which a fine tube is inserted through the cervix into the uterus to deposit a sperm sample from the woman's mate directly into the uterus. AIH is distinguished from artificial insemination by donor (AID) in which the donor is a man other than the woman's mate. AIH is also known as homologous insemination. Egg donation - this is when an egg is donated by a random woman and fertilized by IVF with the husband 's sperm and then transferred to the wife's womb. ...read more.

Middle

For example, in Judaism transplant surgery from an anonymous donor is condemned because being a Jew is passed on by the blood of the mother and so an organ transplanted from a non-Jew to a Jew might affect a person's Jewishness. Also, in Hinduism, it is believed by some that transplants break the law of karma (the result of one's actions). If a person is intended to suffer from a diseased or malfunctioning organ as a result of their previous bad deeds and sins, then it should not be avoided by transplantation. Organ transplants also go against the teachings of many religions. In Islam, for example, the Shari'ah teaches that after death, nothing should be removed from the body. This means that organs should not be removed after a person has died and so opposes transplant surgery from a dead person. The Qur'an teaches that God created the body of every person and so to transplant organs is to act as God, and so is condemned. Similarly, Hindus believe in ahimsa (non-violence) and it is thought by some that transplant surgery is doing violence to the person whom the organ originally belongs to, so it is condemned. "Non-violence is the highest ethical code of behaviour. It includes non-killing, non-injury and non-harming." Shikshapatri of lord Swaminarayan There are also a number of moral and ethical issues regarding transplant surgery that have raised concerns amongst both religious and non-religious people. ...read more.

Conclusion

imperfections to test us, and it is wrong to try and make the earth perfect because only heaven is perfect and if genetic engineering was allowed to save lives for example, then it could lead to it being used for more sinister acts like the ones mentioned before. Some religious people, particularly Orthodox Jews and Muslims, view embryo research in the same way as abortion, and so firmly disapprove of genetic engineering using embryos. In Hinduism many people are opposed to any form of genetic engineering because it is believed to be breaking the law of karma. If a person is intended to suffer from a genetic disorder as a result of previous deeds, then it should not be avoided by through the use of genetic engineering. So, in conclusion, I think that genetic engineering is wrong and doctors and scientists should not interfere with God's will. I believe that God has a plan for everybody and only He should be able to alter or decide upon a person's genetic make-up. I also think that genetic engineering is dangerous because we have a very small amount of information regarding the long-term consequences, and it places too much power in the hands of scientists. As a race we could easily get carried away in an attempt to design genetically perfect humans, which is exploiting the use of medical technology for social engineering. I believe we should spend more time focusing on challenges such as global warming, worldwide war, AIDS and poverty instead of continuing in the research of genetics. ...read more.

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