• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ramadan: "Describe what happens at the fast of Ramadan"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

GCSE RS Coursework "Describe what happens at the fast of Ramadan" The practice of abstaining from eating (and sometimes drinking) for a certain period of time is known as fasting. The word Ramadan is derived from ramida or ar-ramad, meaning extreme heat. The month is named after this to indicate the heating sensation in the stomach because of thirst. Muslims acknowledge five rules or beliefs as 'pillars of faith'. These are Shahadah (to declare their belief), Salat (to pray five times a day), Zakat (to give a certain amount of money to charity), Saum (to fast) and Hajj (to make a pilgrimage to Makkah.) "Worship Allah, be steadfast in prayer, fast during Ramadan, pay alms to the less fortunate..."1 Saum, the fourth pillar, is practised during the month of Ramadan. Ramadan is the ninth month in the Arabic calendar, and during this time Muhammad received his first message from Allah. "Ramadan is the month in which was sent down the Qur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear signs for guidance and judgement (between right and wrong). ...read more.

Middle

"When Ramadan begins, the gates of heaven open, the gates of hell are closed and the demons are chained up."4 People begin fasting just before fajir (dawn) and end after imsak (sunset), when there is the first evening prayer (maghrib). The food that breaks the fast after sunset is called iftar (although most Muslims don't eat a lot here because often the night time feasting is so sumptuous!) After the day's fasting, family and friends get together and celebrate. "...And now associate with them and seek what Allah has ordained for you and eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appears to you distinct from its black thread."5 Some years the fast begins very early. If this happens then an extra meal (called suhur) can be squeezed in before sunrise. This routine goes on for approximately 30 days and ends with Eid ul Fitr. Although most Muslims fast, some are exempt. Those excused include the aged (who are too weak), children under twelve (who are also too weak, and who might not understand), pregnant women (they need ...read more.

Conclusion

These include saying extra prayers and reading the whole of the Qur'an. All Muslims must be careful not to argue with other people, but to try to be particularly considerate and obliging. Ramadan is seen as a time for forgiveness. Muslims are encouraged to pay Zakat (alms) and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) during Ramadan. While Zakat is a pillar of faith, additional charity is given (in the form of food.) Some go to a mosque during the night to say Salat al-Tawarih (the Prayer of Relaxation/Rest.) No one knows for sure exactly when in Ramadan the Night of Power is, but on a designated night, lots of Muslims say certain prayers and read from the Qur'an. Although fasting is a difficult experience to go through, there is much celebration when it begins and after each day's fasting. Muslims endure it not only because Saum is a pillar of faith, but also because they gain spiritual strength, sympathy for the underprivileged (through experiencing their hardships), and they develop self-control. "O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hajj section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hajj essays

  1. Explain the importance of Ramadan for Muslims and the ways it might affect their ...

    Some Muslims think that Ramadan and its demands strengthen their Iman (faith), and purify his/ her heart, soul and bad deeds. Muslims who take part will be constantly reminded of the importance of worshiping Allah, not just for this life, but for eternity.

  2. "For Muslims, fasting has both advantages and disadvantages" - discuss in relation to Ramadan

    Unity is stressed many times in the Qur'an - "The Believers are but a simple brotherhood and brotherhood is important and essential." I think that fasting can give someone a great feeling of togetherness - "To know millions of people are fasting just like me all over the world is a pretty amazing thought!"

  1. Hajj GCSE

    Apparently the water is creamy and amazes new people every time they drink it on Hajj. On the journey there is a lake which most of the Muslims bathe in to keep clean, this lake is called the Ihram Lake.

  2. Describe what happens at the fast of Ramadan?

    Though these things are considered offensive at all other times of the year, they are thought to undo all the good gained by fasting. But people should be kind to one another and to be helpful, polite and to treat animals well.

  1. Describe what happens when a Muslim participates on Hajj.

    After offering Fajr prayer or leaving after midnight the pilgrim will head to Mina before sunrise on the morning of the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah. The pilgrim will go through the al-Mash'ar al-Haram (Mecca) and make du'a (petition) to Allah until the brightness of the sun is extensive.

  2. Fasting is the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food and in ...

    Muslims are not allowed to eat, drink, smoke, and engage in sexual intercourse while fasting. Fasting in the month of Ramadan is one of the Pillars of Islam, and thus one of the most important acts of Islamic worship. By fasting, whether during Ramadan or other times a Muslim draws

  1. Religious Education Hajj Coursework

    The quote "Pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah, those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith, Allah stands not in need of any of his creatures". [Qur'an 3: 97]. This quote shows that all Muslims should, and will if they are to be loved

  2. What is Islam?

    The main difference between the two is Shi'ites believe in the tradition of honorable martyrdom, and the need to employ strong action. This includes making holy war (the other definition of jihad), to protect their religion. They also believe that the government of the nation should be a theocracy.14 A special spiritual leader, called an Imam, is appointed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work