• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Religion and Medical Ethics

Extracts from this document...


Religion and medical issues coursework (a)(i) Describe the treatments available to help infertile couples to have children. There are various treatments available to help infertile couples have children. A first treatment that is available is surrogacy. Surrogacy is where a woman agrees to become pregnant and deliver a child for a different person. There are two types of surrogacy, host surrogacy and gestational surrogacy. The first, host surrogacy, is where the embryo of the couple who want the child is implanted into the surrogate mother. This treatment can be used when the mother still has ovaries that are producing eggs, but she cannot for some reason have the child herself. The second treatment, gestational surrogacy, is where the surrogate mother is the biological mother. The sperm of the father is then injected into the woman's vagina, via a syringe and a catheter. This method can be used if the mother is infertile, or if the father has sperm that has limited mobility, and so needs assistance to get to the egg. Surrogate mothers are not paid for their role as a 'mother'; however their expenses are paid (up to �10,000), meaning that they do not end up with extra bills to pay, such as paying for maternity clothing. AID and AIH are treatments in which the sperm of the male donor or husband is artificially inseminated into the woman who wants to conceive a child. ...read more.


On the other hand, Christians may disagree with infertility treatments, and firstly this is due to the fact that when IVF is used, several eggs are fertilised and so many of these are thrown away and discarded, which in the Roman Catholic church is considered to be the same as abortion. Also, Artificial Insemination and also Surrogacy require male masturbation and this is considered to be a sin in the Roman Catholic Church. Furthermore, Christians believe that children have a right to know who their parents are and this is prevented in AID and Surrogacy, therefore it is frowned upon especially in the Roman Catholic and Church of England denominations. Finally, Christians may disagree with infertility treatments as it can prevent a sex act, and this is considered to be an integral part of pregnancy. Pope Pius XII of the Roman Catholic Church once described a donor being used to aid infertility as 'mechanical adultery' and this is because they believe that the mother and father should know each other and be married before pregnancy should be attempted. The Roman Catholic Church also believes that infertility treatments where spare embryos are created cannot be allowed. However, the Church of England has a different attitude to the Roman Catholics on the status of the embryo. Lord Habgood, (a former Anglican Archbishop of York,) ...read more.


Muslims believe that transplanting from one human to another is against what Allah would want. Another reason why Muslims are against transplant surgery is because the Shari'ah teaches that nothing should be removed from the body after death, so organs should not be taken from Muslims who have died. This is because they believe that after death, they will go to heaven but in order to do this they need to have their body intact. Furthermore, they are also opposed to having a post mortem to determine the cause of death if it is needed, as they feel that their bodies may not be accepted into the next life if they are not left untouched. The Qur'an teaches that only God has the right to give and take life, and so transplanting organs is 'playing God' which is the greatest sin - shirk - in Islam. Also, Muslims believe in the sanctity of life, so life belongs to God. However, some Muslims say that transplants from a living donor (if the donor is a close relative) are acceptable. They agree as Muslim lawyers say it is OK, and the Muslim Law council of the United Kingdom say that Muslims can carry donor cards and have transplants. Also, Islam aims to do good in the world and help people, so this group of Muslims may argue that this is the reason why these people carry donor cards and have transplants. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Ethics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Ethics essays

  1. What is the relationship between religion and morality?

    In addition, when people require an expert opinion on moral issues they will ask religious leaders. It could be argued that there is some relationship between religion and morality because when people talk about someone being a good Christian, they are usually referring to their moral behavior and not to their doctrinal orthodoxy (whether they hold the traditional Christian beliefs.)

  2. Christian Aid - A Charity Helping Poverty

    � Aid in Britain - This is set out to help people in Britain understand the causes of poverty and the reasons why third world countries find it hard to change their situation. Christian Aid helps people because they are motivated by their beliefs.

  1. Religion Speech IVF

    This belief emphasizes the sanctity of conception as the initial stage of development, which in turn, makes the process of IVF immoral. Catholics also believe that IVF contradicts the sacred unity of marriage and the child's right to be conceived and brought into the world in and from marriage.

  2. There should be no rich people as long as there is poverty in the ...

    I agree to a certain extent that their should not be rich people as long as their poor because large conflicts are caused by this and some people are bullied or many other things just because they do not have a great amount of money.

  1. With reference to abortion, examine and comment on the view that the sanctity of ...

    To me, this would appear a much more reasonable reality. What if we looked to the Bible though, what would the Bible say about Abortion and the sanctity of Life? After all, the Bible is a record of the teachings of God himself, and God is something that both factions of the Church can agree on.

  2. life after death

    Jesus taught that whoever did not abide by the rules of god would not enter heaven. Jesus said, "I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies". Jesus said that the person, who believes in him, will go to heaven (live), even though he is physically dead.

  1. Explain how a Hindu marriage service might guide a couple in their married life?

    People who got caught in premarital relationships have to deal with a lot of social ridicule at public disgrace such as Divorce. Most Hindus believe that marriage is a secret relationship and that cannot be dissolve with divorce. Hindu beliefs about birth control Most traditional Hindus believe that birth control is against the religion.

  2. Ethics Coursework

    1992 stated that "once artificial nutrition stops contributing to an improvement in the patient's underlying condition" it is practical and therefore justified to cease the patient's treatment to allow them to die, an example of passive euthanasia. Although this type is accepted, they are still against active Euthanasia as it

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work