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Religion and society - The Cosmology argument.

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Introduction

Edexcel Religious Education, G.C.S.E. coursework Religion and society Section A Cosmology literally means, the way the world came to be. The way it was created. The cosmological argument, is the argument in which theories of the how the world was made are put forward. The first theory is named "the first cause theory". Mostly theists and people who are agnostic believe this theory. It is the theory which states that God made the world in 6 days, (the creation story), which was thought of by a man named Thomas Aquinas. The second theory is called the 'big bang theory'. People who are agnostic and also atheists would also believe this theory. This theory is one put forward by scientists, and claims that's there was a huge explosion which occurred millions of years ago, causing the Earth to appear. The third theory is known as the 'steady state theory'. Atheists and people who are agnostic believe this. This theory claims that the world has simply 'always been there', and nobody aided its presence. There are two versions of the creation story in the bible. The first, belonging to Genesis, chapter 1. The story states that God made the world in 6 days and on the 7th, he rested. One the first day, he created the heavens and the Earth. ...read more.

Middle

* There is no sequence of creation in the Qu'ran, but the first creation appears to be the heavens, and indeed, there is reference to their motion.'All the celestial bodies swim around, each in its rounded course'. * Then God created life from the water. We made from water, every living thing. * From this came vegetation: 'sent down water from the sky with it we have produced divers pours of plants. This Muslim version gives he idea of a gradual creation with a more evolutionary character. The different religion's creation stories have some differences and some similarities. The similarities would be that they all involve creating the world and its contents in some kind of sequence. They all include the creation of the heavens and the Earth, and the sun, moon and stars. Both creation stories have another version, which tend to be believed by the not so strict religious person. The differences would be, the fact that the Bible's creation story has a specific sequence to the events which took place, whereas the Qu'ran's creation story creation stories have no particular order of events or sequence. Also in the Bible's creation stories, there is no mention of evidence of Adam and Eve been taken out of the Garden of Eden through giving into temptation. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the same way, religion claims that human beings can be affected by a force which cannot be detected by human senses, a force the call 'God'. These both link and support eachother. Science leads to an awareness of God and many scientists are deeply religious. Take Isaac Newton for example. He looked at his thumbprint, how delicately and intricately it was designed. He decided, something as simple, yet so wonderful as this, could not have possibly been created by accident. There must have been a creator, But I think that the world is so perfect in its design, that one man could not have achieved such beauty and wonder. I think the world has always been like this and is here for a purpose, therefore, I believe in the steady state theory. A lot of scientific theories end up including religious aspects as they just cant possibly fathom out a logical explanation to things. I think that religious beliefs and scientific theories, both could not exist without eachother. Both have elements of the other. For example, the big bang theory claims the world started as a big bang, but when asked, what caused the big bang...Scientists, who cannot think of a logical explanation, simply turn to religion and reply with 'God'. This is simply because, there is no proof otherwise. ...read more.

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