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Religion Speech IVF

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Introduction

Religion Speech IVF Good morning/afternoon. The ethical issue I will be discussing is IVF, in relation to the Christian religions Catholic and Anglican. IVF is used in cases of infertility -where the woman's fallopian tubes are absent or blocked, the men's sperm count is low, or the couple's infertility is unexplained. It is an assisted reproductive technology in which one or more eggs are fertilized outside a female's body. To do this, eggs are collected from the ovaries and placed in a dish with a large number of sperm for approx. 18 hours. The eggs are then placed in a special growth medium which allows fertilization to occur. Afterwards the embryo is either transferred back into the woman's uterus or frozen and stored for later use. IVF has been a source of moral, ethical and religious controversy since its development. Although members of all religious groups can be found on both sides of the issue, the major opposition has come from the Roman Catholic Church. In 1987, the church issued a doctrinal statement opposing IVF on 3 grounds; the destruction of human embryos not used for implantation, the possibility of IVF by a sperm donor other than the husband-thus removing reproduction form the marital context, and finally the severing of an essential connection between the nuptial act and procreation. The use of IVF is said to violate the delicate innocence of those created, as God, their creator has not given them the gift of life, and therefore the fundamental value of life has been lost. ...read more.

Middle

One of the major Christian values is the sanctity of life. The message of the great teachers of all the worlds' religions is that the universe and everything in it is divine. The Christian religion especially, is taught the reverence (great respect and admiration) of life. Another major Christian value is love, expressed in the commandment "love one another as I have loved you". Apart from love, this commandment also relates to the respect and acceptance of every individual. Jesus taught that everyone is special and has a purpose on earth. This view is one that is held highly for the Christian religion. One of the main ethical issues which cause a great deal of conflict in society is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). IVF is an assisted reproductive technology which is used in cases of infertility. In this procedure one or more eggs are fertilized outside a female's body. To do this, eggs are collected from the ovaries and placed in a dish with a large number of sperm for approximately 18 hours. The eggs are then placed in a special growth medium which allows fertilization to occur. Afterwards, the embryo is either transferred back into the woman's uterus, or frozen and stored for later use (usually scientifically). Christians are against the use of IVF on the grounds that it is immoral to produce human embryos destined to be exploited as disposable biological material. However the Roman Catholic church has shown the strongest opposition to IVF, issuing a doctrinal statement in 1987 opposing IVF on 3 grounds; the destruction of human ...read more.

Conclusion

begun, and, above all, directly willed and procured abortion, even if for therapeutic reasons, are to be absolutely excluded as licit means of regulating birth. Equally to be excluded, as the teaching authority of the Church has frequently declared, is direct sterilization, whether perpetual or temporary, whether of the man or of the woman. Similarly excluded is every action which, either in anticipation of the conjugal act, or in its accomplishment, or in the development of its natural consequences, proposes, whether as an end or as a means, to render procreation impossible. To justify conjugal acts made intentionally in fecund, one cannot invoke as valid reasons the lesser evil, or the fact that such acts would constitute a whole together with the fecund acts already performed or to follow later and hence would share in one and the same moral goodness. In truth, if it is sometimes licit to tolerate a lesser evil in order to avoid a greater evil or to promote a greater good it is not licit, even for the gravest reasons, to do evil so that good may follow there from; that is, to make into the object of a positive act of the will something which is intrinsically disorder, and hence unworthy of the human person, even when the intention is to safeguard or promote individual, family or social well-being. Consequently it is an error to think that a conjugal act which is deliberately made in fecund and so is intrinsically dishonest could be made honest and right by the ensemble of a fecund conjugal life. ...read more.

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