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GCSE: Hinduism

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  1. Embryos Are Not People Right or Wrong?

    was taking place. In vitro fertilisation is basically fertilising a woman's egg in a test tube. Once the egg has been fertilised by a man's sperm, the egg is then implanted into the woman's womb. However, there is one major drawback; doctors need many attempts before an embryo actually implants. So as a result, the embryos were frozen and were saved for future use. A new law was made stating that the embryos could not be stored for more than five years unless they had the couples consent. By 1996, 5 years had passed and thus meaning that the clinics had to contact the embryo owners regarding their decision; to keep or destroy their embryos.

    • Word count: 1030
  2. Hinduism and Peace

    The Upanishad states that "there is nothing greater than Dharma, righteousness, or justice." Universal Dharma calls for all adherents to "practise right conduct" (Upanishad), but there is also specific Dharma which is based on the caste system. The Ten Commitments are also an important teaching, and Ahimsa, or non-violence is perhaps the greatest of these pertaining to the notion of peace. In Hinduism, peace is not only important within oneself, but it is highly important to act peaceably toward others, because of the eschatological consequences.

    • Word count: 1190
  3. Hinduism and Peace

    The key understanding of a Hindu's world view is dharma. The dharma according to the Tattririya Aranyaka states "Dharma is the foundation of the whole universe, upon dharma everything is founded." Dharma helps create harmony and peace through the interaction of humans in differing levels (the four Varnas - castes). Through the four rules of right conduct, right caste, right sexual morality and the right end a Hindu adherent is able to fulfill their duties based on their caste. In the Bhagavad Gita it states "strive in one's own dharma".

    • Word count: 1043
  4. Free essay

    Discussing the life of Gandhi.

    Gandhi strongly believed in the idea of non-violence. His beliefs have been adopted into the Hindu religion and are widely considered both a development in the growth of the faith, as well as a physical expression of Hindu beliefs. Mahatma Gandhi believed that religiously it gave Hindu's spiritual insight and, in terms of aiding the Indian population, he could: "convert the British people through non-violence, and thus make them see the wrong they have done to India." Today many well-known phrases in relation to non-violence are partials of Gandhi's famous speeches.

    • Word count: 1353
  5. AO1 Describe the Teachings...

    The Atman is what a Hindu believes is his or her eternal soul. The Atman is immune from disease and can never die instead it just passes from body to body. The circle of life, death and rebirth is known as samsara. In respect of the human body, Hindu's believe it is just a vessel to carry the Atman through its journey to Moksha and once the body is dead it is no longer important or needed. Reincarnation is when the atman passes from one for of existence to another.

    • Word count: 1496
  6. (a)(iii) Explain the significance of cow protection and vegetarianism in Hinduism

    It is the source of milk, milk products, meat, dung etc. The products of butter, whey, cream and cheese made up a ritual offering named ida. The cow was also a great prize of war. Even cows' urine has medicinal qualities as it can be used to cure ailments. The state of Gujarat in India encourages sufferers of ailments to drink the urine and doctors prescribe it. Shiva's vehicle is Nandi the bull and temples devoted to Shiva are normally dedicated to bulls as well as a sign of piety or in fulfilment of a vow.

    • Word count: 1109
  7. 'The principle of ahimsa is Hinduism's greatest gift to the world.' Many people, especially Hindus agree with the statement that the key principle of ahimsa in

    Gandhi also used this principle to gain independence for India from the British as he used non-violent protest and the theory of no retaliation as positive love for everybody and to persuade the British to give India back to the Indians. He was so dedicated this view that when some protesters did resort to violence, he fasted to a point where he was nearly dead. Therefore he believed that the principle of ahimsa was the only way the world could move forwards.

    • Word count: 1389
  8. Samudra Manthan literally means: The Churning of the Ocean

    For the churning to take place, a big pole was inserted in the Ocean. But no matter what they did, the pole would continue to sink into the Ocean bed. So the Lord took the form of a tortoise. The pole was placed on His back. The latter symbolizes the fact that whatever you undertake to do, its support must be God. The rope that was used for the churning is symbolic of the string of cooperation. One end of the rope was manipulated by the Devas and the other end by the Daityas.

    • Word count: 1835
  9. The novel, The Temple of Gold by William Goldman,

    He makes fun of Zachary's name which leads to the nickname Zock. This name sticks, and later on when the boys become friends, it is used as a term of endearment. Raymond is impulsive, melodramatic, and unstable. He lies about having run away before in order to urge Zock to run away with him. Also, Ray blows things out of proportion, and when he is older, takes to drinking heavily. As soon as something goes wrong, Ray resorts to alcohol. He Ray's actions also reveal that he is obviously not very bright.

    • Word count: 1480
  10. An elaborate ceremony I have been to - A Hindu Wedding

    The 'Henna' Ceremony must be carried out a few days before the actual wedding day. Usually the young female members on the bride's side of the family gather together to decorate their hands and sometimes their feet with beautiful patterns, with henna paste that colours the skin. This could be described as an Indian 'hen night'. The atmosphere at Anika's ceremony was joyful, cheerful and jubilant, there was plenty of nattering and laughing. Before the ceremony started my cousins and I got the room ready by lighting Divas an Indian type of candle, beautiful flower arrangements in large glass vases, and off course incense, which made the room, smell divine.

    • Word count: 1312
  11. Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

    In London, Gandhi was able to complete his law course. In 1891 he returned to India with the Barrister's title and tried to build his own law practice. He did not have enough money to begin his practice in Bombay. In May 1893, at the age of 23, Gandhi accepted an offer to work in South Africa as a lawyer. Gandhi experienced racial discrimination for the first time when he was removed from a railway carriage because the South African Railway did not allow coloured people to travel first class.

    • Word count: 1190
  12. Mahatma Gandhi

    Gandhi also tried as much as he could to keep Hindu's and Muslims to together. Gandhi allowed the lowest caste, the untouchables to join the ashram; wealthy Hindu's protested and stopped giving financial aid. Basically Gandhi tried to win equal rights for all Indians. After the Amritsar Gandhi became the leader of India's main political party for 50 years. It was called the Indian National Congress. However he went to prison for seven years for disobeying the British rules. Although people admired Gandhi's beliefs. In 1934 he retired, as head of the party but remained its actual leader.

    • Word count: 1317
  13. Hindu and Islamic weddings

    At this point the groom recites Vedic hymns to Kama, the God of love, asking for the blessing of pure love. To prove that he is worthy, the groom promises to her father three times that he would with her help to realise light, wealth and true love. These are the great achievements in the Hindu world. To symbolise their union, the priest ties the garments i.e the girl's veil to the groom's shawl) while they stand facing each other before they exchange flower garlands and gold rings.

    • Word count: 1455
  14. Creative writing- emotions and feelings- new experiences

    We came upon our group rep. He was an average sized man, no more than 5 foot 8. He was wearing long brown shorts with a matching brown shirt and a ranger hat that shadowed his upper face so his eyes were hidden. His hair was a murky black colour and fell, rather untidily to his shoulders. He was rather uncanny to say the least We were told that it would be a 15-minute journey to the Ship. It was followed by a jolly; "Sit back and enjoy the scenery." The scenery was beautiful but only a taste of what we were to see there.

    • Word count: 1319
  15. Do the temples you have studied. Bear out Tomlinson's view that there was a "lack of innovation in Greek architecture?"

    For one thing, they all had columns. This is an obvious evidence to differentiate Greek architecture from, for example, Roman architecture which seldom, or didn't have columns on their buildings. All the Ancient Greek architecture was made out of stone, some even made of Pentelic marble. The temples in Ancient Greece were rectangular shaped, although some were larger than others. All temples had to follow a certain style, as previously stated: the Greeks did not like disorder, and favoured tradition and unity amongst the buildings they built.

    • Word count: 1185
  16. Ancient Egyptian Religion.

    However, if the person fell short in Osiris' judgement, the body would be eaten by a monster. 4) Horus was the god of the sky, who was represented as a man with a falcon's head 5) Thoth was the god of learning, depicted as a man with the head of an Ibis, a bird native to the Nile River. 6) Isis was the goddess of magic and the protector of children. She was portrayed as a woman with two horns, between which rested the sacred disc of the sun.

    • Word count: 1842
  17. Hinduism and the environment.

    At the end of this project I will include a glossary which will contain many key words to do with Hinduism, Animal rights and Environmental issues and their meanings. 83 percent of the Indian population are Hindus, which means that almost 700 million people who live in India are Hindu. However, because poverty is so abundant in India, many Hindus don't consider many environmental issues that are considered in the West to be important. For example, many Hindu do not care much if supermarkets are using and wasting too much packaging for their product.

    • Word count: 1549
  18. What is Jainism?

    and Shravika (laywoman) this community being the oldest continually surviving monastic community in the world. The ultimate objective of Mahavirs teachings is how one can obtain the permanent state of ones self-Nirvana/Moksha - absolute freedom; he taught the idea of supremacy of human life and stressed the importance of the positive attitude of life. He preached that the right knowledge, the right conduct and the right faith will help attain ones liberation, the centre point of the correct conduct lies in the 5 vows Jains must take: Non-violence, truth, chastity, non-acquisition and no stealing. These vows are the way of life for practicing Jains.

    • Word count: 1290
  19. What do shivars believe about Shiva?

    He is also known to be the lord of the dance to all Hindus. But to most Hindus only his dance of destruction is recognised. However to his foll9owers he has many different dance creation preserving and destruction. And also his followers believe in only Shiva and believe Shiva is the one true god. He is also normally seen with his third all knowing and powerful eye. Also he seen with seven locks of hair for when the ganders followed through his hair to form the seven rivers of the ganders #. He is also seen in the himmaylars mediating.

    • Word count: 1646
  20. Describe the origins of two modern Hindu groups and explain the way in which they have developed.

    In a letter Srila Bhaktisiddharta wrote in 1936 (shortly before he died) he said to Srila Prabhupada 'I am fully confident you can explain in English our thoughts and arguments, ...I have every hope that you can turn yourself into a very good English preacher'. This became Srila Prabhupada's life mission and he began to prepare himself. He began a magazine named 'Back to Godhead' in 1944, even though the Second World War was causing shortages of paper. He wrote, edited and perfected the layout of every issue (at that time it was in newspaper format), he gathered donations to pay for printing and went on the streets himself to sell the issues.

    • Word count: 1425
  21. Describe the worship and lifestyle of two modern Hindu Groups and explain how this reflects and assists belief.

    They also say that you should not be addicted to any intoxicants (drugs, alcohol, tobacco or even chocolate) as they alter who you are and your judgement. In addition they believe that you should only have sex inside marriage (more devout members believe you should only have sex to reproduce, even within marriage). Many also see gambling as wrong as you should not try and foresee life for your own gain. ISKCON members are not concerned with what clothes they ware or their physical appearance as Srila Pubhupada said 'I am not my body', all people are the same underneath.

    • Word count: 1152
  22. Handicap - the presenter of Top of the pops.

    Whether it was an accident or if the person was born with it. Then people were hot seated and had to stay in role and answer questions from others in the group. When I did this I stayed in my role quite well and tried to answer all the questions. But on one question I was baffled. The person asked, " How does it feel to be disabled?" this was really hard to answer, as I didn't know. It was very difficult to put yourself in the position of someone who was disabled; they are the only ones who know what they're feeling.

    • Word count: 1246
  23. Hinduism is one of the few religions who believe in many gods, this is called polytheism and most other religions are monotheistic.

    The Trimurti is a triangle of gods who considered to be the 3 main powerful deities. They are: 1. Lord Shiva who may seem too many people to be dangerous and frightening because he is the destroyer god. However, destruction is needed to allow things to happen and for us to understand about life and how it works. Nevertheless, he still should be worshipped liked any other god. 2. Lord Brahman is the four- faced creator god who obviously creates things to continue the cycle of life. 3. Lord Vishnu is the preserver god who has four arms and carries a conch shell.

    • Word count: 1206

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • To what extent were the builders of the Erechtheion successful in solving the problems caused by the site and position of the temple?

    "conclusion, whether the builders of the Erechtheion were successful in solving the problems caused by the site and the position. In order to do this, I will be using evidence such as illustrations, ground plans and different viewpoints of the Erechtheion. I will analysis the Erechtheion through the individual elevations. A comparison of the Erechtheion and a regular hexastyle temple will be an imperative feature when dealing with the abnormalities and potential problems of the Erechtheion. Throughout this essay"

  • Compare and contrast the iconography and mythology of at least two major Hindu deities.

    "With many people being unable to read during and around the Puranic period, the iconography became of vast importance. People relied on the pictures to tell them the stories of the gods and that is a large reason why each aspect of the icon represents something different, to tell the story of the god. For example, Vishnu's lotus he holds symbolises his purity and the fire Shiva encircles is representing the life cycle of the universe. However, this essay does not attempt to deny the importance of the scriptures, as without them, the pictures are merely pictures and not visions of spirituality. In conclusion, although this essay has looked at Vishnu and Shiva individually as separate deities, the focus must be left on them as one, for that is what they are, existing only with each other. The cycle of the universe relies on all of them, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, to continue for if one were to disappear, the chain of the creation, destruction and recreation of the world would be broken. "Germination creates the tree, destroys the seed and preserves the species; the joiner creates the table, destroys the tree and preserves the wood" (Larousse, 1965:211). 1"

  • To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the design, construction and decoration of the Parthenon?

    "Conclusion I think that the answer to the title is slightly ambiguous. I believe that Pericles wanted to see his fair city become a shining monument to the people and win favour as a politician. But I think that it could be seen as cynicism of the people today that people of ancient Greece could be so dedicated to religion and chose to spend a great deal of money on so huge a project. Perhaps they wanted to show their piety and appreciation to the gods that after so many violent wars, their city was still here. So to conclude, I believe that national pride was hugely important in the building of the Parthenon, and although it seems that religion took a lower priority, it may have been just as important as national pride in the building of the Parthenon."

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