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GCSE: Hinduism

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  1. (a)(iii) Explain the significance of cow protection and vegetarianism in Hinduism

    It is the source of milk, milk products, meat, dung etc. The products of butter, whey, cream and cheese made up a ritual offering named ida. The cow was also a great prize of war. Even cows' urine has medicinal qualities as it can be used to cure ailments. The state of Gujarat in India encourages sufferers of ailments to drink the urine and doctors prescribe it. Shiva's vehicle is Nandi the bull and temples devoted to Shiva are normally dedicated to bulls as well as a sign of piety or in fulfilment of a vow.

    • Word count: 1109
  2. 'The principle of ahimsa is Hinduism's greatest gift to the world.' Many people, especially Hindus agree with the statement that the key principle of ahimsa in

    Gandhi also used this principle to gain independence for India from the British as he used non-violent protest and the theory of no retaliation as positive love for everybody and to persuade the British to give India back to the Indians. He was so dedicated this view that when some protesters did resort to violence, he fasted to a point where he was nearly dead. Therefore he believed that the principle of ahimsa was the only way the world could move forwards.

    • Word count: 1389
  3. IS FUNDAMENTALISM SPECIFIC TO ANY PARTICULAR RELIGION

    the religions. This paper by citing episodes of fundamentalism in leading religions substantiates the theseis that fundamentalism is not specific to any particular religion. Beginning with Judaism, the bombing of Hotel King David in July 1946 is an incident that starkly explifies the Jewish Fundamentalism. The British entered the premises of the Jewish Agency and took away with them a large number of sensitive documents. These documents were kept at the King David Hotel for intelligence analysis. For vengeance and as a way of destroying these documents, Irgun Tsvai-Leumi, a Jewish fundamentalist group decided to target the hotel1.

    • Word count: 915
  4. Samudra Manthan literally means: The Churning of the Ocean

    For the churning to take place, a big pole was inserted in the Ocean. But no matter what they did, the pole would continue to sink into the Ocean bed. So the Lord took the form of a tortoise. The pole was placed on His back. The latter symbolizes the fact that whatever you undertake to do, its support must be God. The rope that was used for the churning is symbolic of the string of cooperation. One end of the rope was manipulated by the Devas and the other end by the Daityas.

    • Word count: 1835
  5. To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the design, construction and decoration of the Parthenon?

    Some of the states in Greece joined together in a league to sustain a navy that could protect them from more attacks from the Persians. The money given by each of the states was kept at a treasury in Delos, the Greeks then referred to the band of states as the Delian League. Eventually, it became obvious that Athens would be the leaders of the league and so the money was transferred to Athens. After rebuilding and fortifying the city, the Athenians made peace with Persia in 449BC.

    • Word count: 2539
  6. The novel, The Temple of Gold by William Goldman,

    He makes fun of Zachary's name which leads to the nickname Zock. This name sticks, and later on when the boys become friends, it is used as a term of endearment. Raymond is impulsive, melodramatic, and unstable. He lies about having run away before in order to urge Zock to run away with him. Also, Ray blows things out of proportion, and when he is older, takes to drinking heavily. As soon as something goes wrong, Ray resorts to alcohol. He Ray's actions also reveal that he is obviously not very bright.

    • Word count: 1480
  7. Hindus and respect for life.

    There is one message, the message of Ahimsa. Ahimsa is a supreme duty of man. Ahimsa, or refraining from causing pain to any living creature, is a distinctive quality emphasized by Indian ethics. Ahimsa or non-violence has been the central doctrine of Indian culture from the earliest days of its history. Ahimsa is a great spiritual force. Benefits of the practice of Ahimsa If you are established in Ahimsa, you have attained all virtues. Ahimsa is the pivot and all virtues revolve around Ahimsa. Just as all footprints are accommodated in those of the elephant, so also do all religious rules become merged in the great vow of Ahimsa.

    • Word count: 2541
  8. Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

    Each family has at least on such shrine; the rituals associated with it are not family ceremonies but are private and secret. The rites are normally only discussed with children, and then only during the period when they are being initiated into these mysteries. The focal point of the shrine is a box or chest which is built into the wall. Many charms and magical potions without which no native believes he could live. These preparations are secured from a variety of specialized practitioners.

    • Word count: 715
  9. Explain the significance of cow protection and vegetarianism in Hinduism.

    The cow's milk is extremely useful in all countries (Even the rich). Its dung provides fuel, heat, and light. Even the cow's urine is extremely important as it has certain medicinal properties that can help many aspects of one's health. The most sacred animal to Hindus is the cow; one of the reasons is because the bull is a vahana (vehicle) for one of the three most important deities, Shiva. Due to the cow's significance in Hinduism, they were once sacrificed at temples in the Vedic period. Today Cows should be protected and given sacredness, because they have a strong connection wit the Gods.

    • Word count: 857
  10. An elaborate ceremony I have been to - A Hindu Wedding

    The 'Henna' Ceremony must be carried out a few days before the actual wedding day. Usually the young female members on the bride's side of the family gather together to decorate their hands and sometimes their feet with beautiful patterns, with henna paste that colours the skin. This could be described as an Indian 'hen night'. The atmosphere at Anika's ceremony was joyful, cheerful and jubilant, there was plenty of nattering and laughing. Before the ceremony started my cousins and I got the room ready by lighting Divas an Indian type of candle, beautiful flower arrangements in large glass vases, and off course incense, which made the room, smell divine.

    • Word count: 1312
  11. Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

    In London, Gandhi was able to complete his law course. In 1891 he returned to India with the Barrister's title and tried to build his own law practice. He did not have enough money to begin his practice in Bombay. In May 1893, at the age of 23, Gandhi accepted an offer to work in South Africa as a lawyer. Gandhi experienced racial discrimination for the first time when he was removed from a railway carriage because the South African Railway did not allow coloured people to travel first class.

    • Word count: 1190
  12. Cow protection and vegetarianism.

    Nowadays one could say the cow is like a domestic animal in India. They are permitted to roam freely around the streets and they are cared for in temples. A westerner would never think of eating his dog or cat, so a Hindu would never dream of eating a cow. In villages in India, the cow nurtures and sustains life. Its milk provides essential food; its manure provides fuel, heat and light in the home. The cow's urine is alleged to have special healing properties and is available as a cream or liquid.

    • Word count: 800
  13. My Autobiography.

    He told me about the poverty and the state of living conditions but this wasn't what struck me. It was the ludicrous dispute of society combating for the territory, political views and race. I didn't understand the quarrels my granddad was explaining to me due to my immatureness, age and lack of knowledge however at present the point is reasonably apparent. To elaborate and show my feelings for this issue I will advance to tell you some facts and also the acts that are happening since the time of my great grandfather, 1847.

    • Word count: 953
  14. Mahatma Gandhi

    Gandhi also tried as much as he could to keep Hindu's and Muslims to together. Gandhi allowed the lowest caste, the untouchables to join the ashram; wealthy Hindu's protested and stopped giving financial aid. Basically Gandhi tried to win equal rights for all Indians. After the Amritsar Gandhi became the leader of India's main political party for 50 years. It was called the Indian National Congress. However he went to prison for seven years for disobeying the British rules. Although people admired Gandhi's beliefs. In 1934 he retired, as head of the party but remained its actual leader.

    • Word count: 1317
  15. Describe the main features of a specific place of Hindu worship

    The shikhara on top of the dome points into the sky, like pointing towards moksha. Once you get in the gate, there is a very long staircase with steps going up to the main building. This is for the same reason, it is ascending to moksha. When you reach the top, there is a shrine on your right hand side. Inside the shrine is Hanuman, the king of monkeys and all animals. He is there to protect the temple. On your left, there is a shoe rack for you to put our shoes in because before going in the temple, you have to take off your shoes.

    • Word count: 654
  16. Analyse and explain the role and function of the leaders in the Mandir

    At night, the image will be brought back to the bedroom. Everyday, the priest will sound a conch shell to mark the start of the day. There are five daily obligations that he must follow: Firstly, he must worship Brahman everyday. This could be done directly or through other Gods. Secondly, he will have to give reverence to saints and holy men by reading the Vedas, usually consisting of the Gayatri Mantra, which is one of the most popular of Hindu prayers from the Upanishads and is chanted at all ceremonies.

    • Word count: 534
  17. Describe a Hindu marriage service.

    In a Hindu marriage 1st of all, the entire bridegroom and his family are welcomed at the bride's house. The families introduce one another and the bridegroom is brought to a specially decorated alter called a Mandap, offered a seat and a welcoming drink, a mixture of milk, ghee, yoghurt and honey. The next step is songs of blessing. The bride and groom stand facing one another. The priest and an assistance holds a silk clothe between the couple to form a curtain between them. Then the couple are showered with rice grains. After this has happened the daughter is given in marriage by her father to the groom, who puts his daughter's right hand into the hand of her husbands.

    • Word count: 997
  18. Hindu and Islamic weddings

    At this point the groom recites Vedic hymns to Kama, the God of love, asking for the blessing of pure love. To prove that he is worthy, the groom promises to her father three times that he would with her help to realise light, wealth and true love. These are the great achievements in the Hindu world. To symbolise their union, the priest ties the garments i.e the girl's veil to the groom's shawl) while they stand facing each other before they exchange flower garlands and gold rings.

    • Word count: 1455
  19. Creative writing- emotions and feelings- new experiences

    We came upon our group rep. He was an average sized man, no more than 5 foot 8. He was wearing long brown shorts with a matching brown shirt and a ranger hat that shadowed his upper face so his eyes were hidden. His hair was a murky black colour and fell, rather untidily to his shoulders. He was rather uncanny to say the least We were told that it would be a 15-minute journey to the Ship. It was followed by a jolly; "Sit back and enjoy the scenery." The scenery was beautiful but only a taste of what we were to see there.

    • Word count: 1319
  20. Analyze and Explain the Role and Function of the leaders in the Mandir

    As a real person, the deity must eat, sleep, change clothes and wash. The murti cannot do this, so the priest must do all of this for the murti. Every morning the priest will put fresh, nice clothes on the deity, and decorate the murtis and its shrine with fresh garlands of flowers. He will also wash the statue of the God with a bit of water, and then he will perform morning puja. The priest will also set resting times for the deity throughout the day, not allowing people in to worship at certain times of the day.

    • Word count: 699
  21. Describe the main features of a specific place of Hindu worship

    This represents purification and enlightenment. As we entered the gate, we found a flight of stairs leading up the temple. This is symbolic of our status as compared to God- as God is above us, we must travel up to Him. This is a symbol of God's power and authority over us. When we reached the top of the stairs we saw that there was a small shrine dedicated to Hanuman. The builders of this temple chose Hanuman to be the guardian of this temple, because unlike other temples this mandir is dedicated to not only on aspect of Brahman, but three.

    • Word count: 968
  22. Analyse and Explain the role and function of Mandir in the local Hindu community.

    Darshan is a good way of gaining karma. The temple is a beautiful lotus flower in a spiritually polluted world of illusion- it is an escape for worshippers. In Hong Kong, it is an escape from technology and constant business. Worshippers can come here and relax, be at ease with the little nature in Hong Kong's busy culture. The quietness also makes it easier for meditation, another way of earning good karma. The Hong Kong Temple is so peaceful it is not only a place for worship, but also a place that is simply nice to be.

    • Word count: 852
  23. Architecture and decoration of the Parthenon.

    On the east side there is a child handing a folded cloth to an older man, on one side of them the gods are present and seated, on the other side two girls are holding something. Most scholars believe that it represents the Panathenaic procession however some think that it shows the procession which took place at the same period as the temple was built and that it shows the over confident Athenians who dared to put themselves where ordinarily only the gods and heroes might be found.

    • Word count: 692
  24. Do the temples you have studied. Bear out Tomlinson's view that there was a "lack of innovation in Greek architecture?"

    For one thing, they all had columns. This is an obvious evidence to differentiate Greek architecture from, for example, Roman architecture which seldom, or didn't have columns on their buildings. All the Ancient Greek architecture was made out of stone, some even made of Pentelic marble. The temples in Ancient Greece were rectangular shaped, although some were larger than others. All temples had to follow a certain style, as previously stated: the Greeks did not like disorder, and favoured tradition and unity amongst the buildings they built.

    • Word count: 1185
  25. Ancient Egyptian Religion.

    However, if the person fell short in Osiris' judgement, the body would be eaten by a monster. 4) Horus was the god of the sky, who was represented as a man with a falcon's head 5) Thoth was the god of learning, depicted as a man with the head of an Ibis, a bird native to the Nile River. 6) Isis was the goddess of magic and the protector of children. She was portrayed as a woman with two horns, between which rested the sacred disc of the sun.

    • Word count: 1842

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