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GCSE: Judaism

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  1. Explain how Jesus' teaching on the Sabbath would affect the lives of Christians today

    has a Eucharist, similar to the Catholic church, the Catholic church has mass every Sunday, the Methodist church has a service of bible readings and sung hymns and the Evangelical church has praise and worship in a celebration mass. Sunday is the day of rest in all denominations but mass is treated differently in each denomination. This might be because some Christian denominations don't agree with Jesus' laid back image of how the Sabbath should be celebrated to the same extent that other Christian denominations do, or they are trying to be more modernised and less strict than the founding Church of Catholicism.

    • Word count: 622
  2. The Sabbath

    The Pharisees were these powerful preachers which spread and taught the Jewish religion in with their own altered points, which often ended up gaining them more control and power. The Pharisees had been giving the complete opposite teachings and knowledge of the Sabbath. They were taking the Jews in the wrong direction. There rules for the Sabbath were very extravagant like no Jews were allowed to do any kind of work or job related hobby, nothing. If you were caught doing any job during the Sabbath day then you'd be punished and even trialed sometimes.

    • Word count: 1228
  3. a) Pesach is the biggest of the three pilgrim festivals, along with Sukkot and Shavuot and these all commemorate the period in history that the Jews pilgrimed from Egypt to the Promised Land of Israel.

    The new Pharaoh's council was called about the situation with the Israelites and they gave him strong advice to enslave the children of Israel so he could gain total control over this foreign race who were becoming too powerful in a land where they were not wanted. Pharaoh limited the freedom of the Hebrews and laid heavy taxes upon them. He then recruited their men into forced labour, slavery, under the supervision of harsh taskmasters. The children of Israel were now forced to build cities, erect monuments, construct roads, work in the quarries, and hew stones or make bricks and tiles.

    • Word count: 4474
  4. Explain the history and the symbolism of the festival of Passover

    Moses plea of "Let my people go" was ignored and God sent terrible plagues to distress the Egyptians. Pharaoh continued to refuse the release of the slaves. Until the last plague. Pesach, meaning "passing over" or "protection" in Hebrew, is derived from the instructions given to Moses by God. In order to encourage the Pharaoh to free the Israelites, God intended to kill the first-born of every Egyptian family. To protect themselves, the Israelites were told to mark their dwellings with lamb's blood so that God could identify them and "pass over" their homes. During that night, the angel of death came and killed every first-born son of the Egyptians.

    • Word count: 1591
  5. Select describe and explain the religiousrituals involved in Shabbat.

    On Friday the males of the family will go to the synagogue, when they return the meal can begin. Before they eat however, the father says a pray called Kiddush, the pray is said to thank God for the creation of the world and giving them a day of rest. Next they the father blesses his children; he wants his children to grow up like matriarchs and patriarchs. The father then drinks the red wine then passes it round to the family.

    • Word count: 449
  6. "Christians should not take part in sporting events or go shopping on a Sunday"

    It would appear that because of watching football on a television set or in a stadium would be self-centred and inconsiderate because your presence may add to the fact that many more people would have to work because of you. Yet by playing sport on a Sunday, you are working but also causing others to. Nevertheless, in principle even if you are working, it is your choice, and if it may require others to work as well, then that cannot be blamed on you because they are not literally forced to work.

    • Word count: 547
  7. Explain how Mark shows the difference between Jesus and the Pharisees over the observance of the Sabbath

    In the Old Testament, the Sabbath is described as the seventh day, when God has completed the creation of the universe, because of this ''he blessed the seventh day and set it apart as a special day''. Genesis 2:1-3. Jesus was raised as a normal Jewish child, but as a man his divinity was recognised by many, and he began to develop his own opinions on the Jewish laws from what he thought or knew God would think about certain things.

    • Word count: 1992
  8. Judaism and Pesach (Passover).

    Everywhere in the world the Pesach is observed for one day longer than in Israel. This custom began in ancient time when the Jews living in the Diaspora could not know when the rabbis had proclaimed a new month until the messengers arrived to tell them. Continuing this ancient practice gives Jews a way of expressing the special sanctity and blessedness of the 'holy land.' The spiritual attainments of Pesach, for example, which maybe achieved in Israel in seven days, would take eight days everywhere else in the world.

    • Word count: 6673
  9. The Sabbath

    People these days think it is strict and personally I don't now how they do it. "The Sabbath was made for the human kind and not the other way around" that's what Jesus said and yet the stubborn Jews don't listen and do there own way. Mark, one of the gods disciples writes on his gospel how Sabbath is so meaningful to him ,and like all the others hi follows the laws of the Sabbath. Jesus instead to us states that in the Sabbath we should go out and do good not evil and to help peoples lives and not destroy them.

    • Word count: 795
  10. The Shabbat (Jewish Sabbath, holy day)

    The name 'Shabbat' comes from the root 'shin-bet-tav' which means to cease, rest or to end. How do they prepare for Shabbat? Shabbat starts when the sun sets on Friday night and ends when the sun sets on the Saturday. Therefore everything MUST be prepared before the sunset so no work has to be done on the Shabbat. They must ensure all food is made, which has to last for the Friday evening meal and Saturday lunch, all candles are lit so no switches have to be flicked on the Shabbat and everything else is done before the sunset.

    • Word count: 987
  11. Questions and answers on Synagogues.

    Give reason s to support your answer and show that you have thought abut different points of view. Part A i) A synagogue is the Jewish place of worship. Equivalents of other religions are churches and temples. The word Synagogue comes from the Greek Language, as Hebrew has no word meaning synagogue. The greek word 'synagein' is translated to mean 'to bring together'. It is called this because this is where the jewish community is brought together to worship. However, the Hebrew language refers to the synagogue as the 'Beit Haknesset', which again means 'house of assembly'. This again shows the idea of assembling and worshipping together.

    • Word count: 971
  12. Explain how observing the Shabbat every week might affect the life of a Jew

    This could mean that they find it harder to socialise and spend time with friends at weekends. It would also be a lot harder for them to get a weekend job where they would only work on Sunday. If they couldn't find an employer willing to do this, they might not have the extra money that their peers might and they would have less of an opportunity to experience employment before they leave school. In the winter, when the sun sets much earlier, children may have to leave school early so they are at home in time to prepare to see Shabbat in.

    • Word count: 947
  13. The Magician of Lublin.

    The entire novel did not appear in Yiddish in book form until 1971. It is set in late 19th-century Poland, in and around the cities of Lublin and Warsaw, the era is clearly pre-modern but other wise nonspecific. It is exactly this last notion that lends this novel an 'unreal' quality which I find at times confusing, something I also experienced while reading The Slave. This confusion, I realize now, stems from the tension between memory, evoking the European past, a real past the author had experienced, and current events, his immigration to and living in America.

    • Word count: 4370
  14. Select, describe and explain the essential features to be found in an orthodox synagogue.

    The layout of the building is rectangular, with seats arranged on three sides. The fourth side (the East wall) holds the Ark (Aron Hakodesh), the focal point of the synagogue. It is a large cupboard covered by a curtain (parochet) and contains the scrolls of the Torah. Its name derives from the original Ark - a wooden box covered with gold that contained the Ten Commandments in the Temple. This Ark was contained inside the Holy of Holies deep inside the Tabernacle and the modern ark of today is now in the shape of this. The Torah Scrolls (Sefer Torah)

    • Word count: 626
  15. Typical Shabbat.

    Cooking is forbidden on Shabbat so Jews prepare their food on Friday. The place their saucepans on a blech, which is a large metal sheet, placed over the cooker. The blech has hot and cold parts so the saucepans with the food in can be moved from hot to cold parts depending on how the food is needed. It is also forbidden for Jews to turn on lights as it makes fire and so they turn on all the lights they will need.

    • Word count: 934
  16. Roles of the synagogue.

    The synagogue is known as House of Assembly, 'Beit ha Knesset'. This reflects the fact that the synagogue is a place for Jewish people to meet together as a community. Jews share important facets of their lives with one another and achieve a great sense of community. Notice boards at the entrance of synagogues advertise forthcoming events such as lectures and outings. Social and cultural activities take place in the synagogue as well as charity events. In the Northwood Orthodox Synagogue, for example, there are social activities organised for 5-12 year olds such as 'The mum and toddler group', 'Bedtime stories in the Shul', 'Cubs' and 'Brownies'.

    • Word count: 1728
  17. Explain how a study of Tradition and Mark's gospel might influence a Christians Attitude and Behaviour on the Sabbath.

    The question is: Which one is right? Is either? In Marks Gospel there are three main chapter incidents regarding Jesus and the Sabbath. In 1:21-28 there is no conflict between Jesus and religious leaders. This parable merely highlights Jesus' attitude to the Sabbath and he tries to express his message that the law of love comes before the love of law and that we must do our best to help others, regardless of what day it is. In 2:23-27 Jesus harvests some corn from a cornfield.

    • Word count: 693
  18. "Explain how observing the Shabbat affects the Jewish way of life".

    After Kiddush they all wash their hands and the man blesses the challot and thanks God for 'bringing bread out of the ground'. The man then cuts the bread and dips the pieces in salt and the meal begins. The Shabbat day starts with a service at the synagogue which lasts longer than the weekday services and after this there is another service called 'musaf'. Back at home they have a midday meal and the Kiddush is again recited.

    • Word count: 545
  19. "It strengthens the Jewish family to share religious rituals at home" - Discuss.

    The family would not enjoy themselves and it seems somewhat unfair to push the event upon them. Many of these festivals involve detailed preparations that are hard work and could cause tensions between family members. Some people doubt whether all of the festivals and celebrations are necessary and think that Judaism asks too much of its followers. Celebrating Shabbat every week may take away the excitement and special feeling of the event as well as creating added hassle during the week. Some people question the point of Rosh Hashanah, seeing it as another New Year celebration with no great importance for strengthening the Jewish family.

    • Word count: 992
  20. Describe some of the different ways in which Shabbat is observed in Jewish homes and the synagogue.

    No work can be done on Shabbat therefore all the food has to be prepared before hand as well as cleaning and tidying the house. People often find it difficult to understand the term 'work' on Shabbat as surely the rabbi is 'working' by leading the services in the Synagogue? However, some Jews will refrain from turning on light switches during Shabbat and it is therefore confusing as to what the term 'work' actually refers. The Hebrew term 'melachah' is often used instead which is simply a type of job, and on Shabbat there are 39 melachot that are forbidden.

    • Word count: 1460
  21. Explain using incidents from Mark's Gospel, what Jesus believed about the Sabbath in contrast to the Pharisees.

    It was so important to the Jews to keep the Sabbath special and to keep up the Jewish tradition, that over time, Pharisees created a number of other rules, the idea of these was to prevent people breaking the main, bigger laws of the Sabbath. But Jesus' famous quote, "Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath," shows me how wrong the elders views actually are. This quote shows me how wrong the Pharisees views and beliefs are because Jesus spoke the word of God and he is saying what God wants, meaning that God would say to the Pharisees that the people are more important than his laws.

    • Word count: 982
  22. Select describe and explain the important ways in which an Orthodox Jewish family observes Shabbat.

    Jesus being a Jew himself was supposed to abide by the rules of the Sabbath and didn't but without getting bogged down on Jesus here, the Shabbat is literally known as a day of rest! The rest isn't optional but most Jews would do it any way as we will discuss later on! So that's the keywords understood a little more, now I should be able to put the keywords into use throughout the essay. It begins on Friday evening when the sunsets and night falls.

    • Word count: 1095
  23. Pete Hamill's novel, Snow in August.

    It was Judah Hirsch, a rabbi at the local synagogue. He had asked Michael if he could help him turn on the lights and gas stove in his room below the synagogue. Michael was very scared but overcame his fear and entered into broken down synagogue and help Rabbi Hirsch. This is where their relationship began. Soon after Michael agrees to teach the Rabbi English, just as Judah will teach him Yiddish and the Kabbalah. I believe one reason why Michael helped the Rabbi was because subconsciously, he was looking for a male figure to look up to; someone with whom he can bond with.

    • Word count: 681
  24. Sabbath, Jewish Day of Rest.

    God gave Jews the Sabbath to permit us to enjoy the needed bodily rest and recreation after six days of toil, worry, and care; and this rest is to be enjoyed equally by all human beings, the servant as well as the master, and the hired laborer as well as his employer. Even the animals are to have rest, too. The Jewish Sabbath first declared liberty to man: every man is to enjoy the bliss of peace and rest. The Sabbath was instituted by God with two purposes: first, to give Jews a regular day of rest from their usual toil and care; secondly, to give them a chance for learning about God and what God desires from them.

    • Word count: 1229
  25. Describe the history and symbolism of the festival Pesach.

    It is also reminding them of the slaves being beaten without mercy so it symbolises the blood. And also the blood of freedom that they smeared over their door posts during the 10th plague. They also have something called Haroset which represents the mud which they had to make bricks with. Haroset is often made to look like mud with apples, crushed almonds, cinnamon and wine. So God punished the pharaoh and the people in Egypt with 10 plagues for the punishment. The 10th plague was to kill every 1st born son of every Egyptian. Israelites to avoid this they had to sacrifice goats and sheep and smear their blood on there door posts of their house e.g.

    • Word count: 2620

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