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The tenth Guru - Guru Gobind Singh extended the � � � � � Equality regardless of religion, race, gender, colour? as Akal Purakh (God) is Sargun An honorable way of living-encouraging mar- riage, family life, working hard? Naam Japna-meditating on the name of God Kirat Karna-An honest way of life (no theft or deception) Wand Chhakna-sharing and being generous towards the less fortunate. (by melody)-instead of subject or author. Treatment and use in Worship The Guru Granth Sahib is very important in wor- ship.
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A part of karma is sewa; service to fellow individuals, this builds good karma. Sikhs believe that samsara is the continuous cycle of birth, life and death and that mukti is the spiritual liberation from the cycle. To reach mukti, the person must be gurmukh. This is a person centres themselves around God, following the ways and teachings of the Guru's, and not temptations or desires. A Sikh must understand, experience, and put their focus and attention on God. God cannot be entirely understood by humans but however can be experienced through means such as love and worship.
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The religious issues in this include the contrast in gender roles as observed by followers of the Sikh religion and by their British countrymen. Jess's family see the role of the female to be that of a housewife - doing the cooking, cleaning and performing the basic household tasks. The issue of arranged marriages is also discussed; Jess does not want an arranged marriage because this means that she will be unable to play football. Clothes are also mentioned by Jess's mother: "as a woman should not show her skin to everyone" and Jess argues that: it is hard to play football in restrictive clothing.
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etc, being in the presence of the Guru Granth Sahib is important to a Sikh because the Guru Granth Sahib is a Guru (teacher) and is there fore treated like a living Guru. The Guru Granth Sahib is central in the public worship of Sikhs and is the central importance to a Sikh life, work and worship.
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began preaching to others that there should be tolerance of other faiths; it made sense to some people. He taught people that the differences in people's religions were not important in God's eyes. He tried to spread his teachings to everyone everywhere Although the exact account of his journey is unclear, he is widely known to have made four major journeys, across thousands of kilometres. The first being east towards Bengal and Assam, the second south towards Ceylon via Tamil Nadu, the third north towards Kashmir, Ladakh and Tibet, and the final tour west towards Baghdad and Mecca.
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She will be redeemed only if a truly worthy person comes forward to lay down his head. Distress will then be expunged and happiness ushered in." Gobind Rai remarked that none but his father could be worthier to make such a sacrifice. Guru Tegh Bahadur made his way to Delhi, the imperial capital, and was beheaded due to his refusal to embrace Islam. This happened on the 11th November 1675. Gobind Rai was formally named Guru on Vaisakhi 1676 and was then known as Guru Gobind Rai. Guru Gobind Rai became interested in the mastery of physical skills and literary accomplishment.
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(.............act as though you are covering ...........) Sophie: they are then taken to a part where they can be cremated... .............: meaning? Sophie: to be burnt. There hymns are recited which induce feeling of detachment the congregation. This was given to the Sikhs by Guru Gobind Singh. .............: what we are reading has not been taken to heart and we are only reading a small part of the prayer as it goes on for a long time.
- Word count: 480
(NRSV, Genesis 2:27-28) When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. He created them male and female and blessed them. And when they were created, he called them "man." (NIV, Genesis 5:1-2) But the man and woman, Adam and Eve, disobeyed God in the Garden of Eden. God gave each of them punishments before evicting them from the Garden: To the woman he said, "I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you."
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Surrounding the Khanda is a circular quoit, called a Chakkar which symbolies the unity of God. On either side are crossed daggers which are called Kirpans, or Piri and Miri which are named after the personal weapons of Guru Hargobind, which symbolies spiritual and temporal, power in balance. The name Khanda is taken from the double edged sword, Khanda that was used by Guru Gobind Singh when preparing Amrit for the Panj Piare. Before you enter the Gurdwara there are various notices, reminding you not to take tobacco, meat or alcohol in the Gurdwara with you.
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It was normal for a schoolboy to perceive a 'native' as a cannibal. Kim can be seen as different from the majority of these novels as it is not racist or one-sided. Kim maybe British but is influenced almost entirely by his upbringing into Indian life. Kim also has complex personality, which matures as he learns from other personalities, such as the lama. By birth Kim is a white, Irish boy, Kimball O'Hara, whose father was a soldier in an Irish regiment. But, as we see in Chapter 1, he has grown up as an orphan in Lahore, 'a poor white of the very poorest', looked after by a half-cast woman, probably a prostitute.
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Guru Nanak was not only endowed with Godly vision but also with the fortitude to speak against the societal atrocities committed by the ruling elite, and the corrupt implementations conducted under the garb of religion. He narrated such inhuman offenses fearlessly: * Modesty and righteousness both have vanished, and falsehood moves about as the leader, O, Lalo The function of the Qazis and Brahmins is over and satan now reads marriage rites. The Muslim women of high caste and others of low caste, may also be put in the same account, O,Lalo.
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The erection of the Baoli at Goindwal Sahib was the first in this venture. Guru Amar Das laid stress on the fitness of the human body. With this in mind he arranged and flourished the wrestling and very often sponsored periodic meets. Baisakhi had been celebrated in the Punjab, probably, since the advent of Aryans. Such bouts were held there but unfortunately, during jubilation, people indulged in the undignified joviality too. The Guru had already perceived this when one day his devoted Sikh, Bhai Paro, suggested that once a year they should assign one day for the people to come to have Guru's Darshan and enjoy the festivities too.
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Immoral or illegal work is strictly frowned upon. Making a living, for example, by producing harmful drugs or promoting pornography or prostitution is not regarded as earning a living by honest means. Sikhs believe that wealth in itself is not wrong, providing it is gained honestly. But to become obsessed by wealth is. The wealth created by hard work should be used for the benefits of your family, the Khalsa (Sikh Brotherhood) and humanity in general. For every person on this Earth, work is a moral duty and commitment.
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Guru Nanak was busy in his rice fields when Bhai Lehna, dressed up in spotless clean clothes, approached him. In spite of the presence of farm-labour, Bhai Lehna was ordered to carry away a bundle of paddy soaked with mud. Without a moment of hesitation he obeyed the order. When Mata Sulakhni, Guru Nanak's wife, expressed her apprehension against putting a thorough gentleman into such an unclean ordeal, Guru Nanak pronounced, "The bundle, in fact, was the weight of humnity.
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The decision to seek marriage may be influenced by a number of considerations. Normally the older daughter should marry before her sisters. If the young person is undergoing higher education marriage will be deferred till after graduation. An older brother whose father has died waits until his younger brothers and sisters have received an education or training and the girls have been married. The emphasis upon family life as that which God has ordained is such that few Sikhs wish to remain single. The family assists in finding a partner. Suitability should have as its criteria virtuous qualities, temperament and age.
- Word count: 2719
'Women play a special role in religious life.' How far is this true in relation to any religion you have studied?
In the Asa Di (a long composition) Guru Nanak Ji observed: "It is from women, the condemned ones, which we are conceived and it is from her that we are born...Then why denounce her from whom even kings and great men are born?" He also gave singular honour to his sister Bebe Nanaki to become his first woman disciple, and accepting his path, the first to adopt Sikhism. This was a great tribute to women by Guru Nanak Ji.
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This emphasizes the importance of the Guru Granth Sahib; on its raised takht and stool, it is above everyone else and reminds Sikhs of one of their basic beliefs - that everyone, whatever his or her class or position, is equal before God. The fifth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Arjan, was the religious teacher at a time when the Sikh community in the Punjab was becoming prosperous. He made a beautiful artificial lake at Amritsar, in the Punjab, in northern India, and on an island in the centre he built a Sikh Gurdwara, known as the Golden Temple of Amritsar.
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Describe in detail the wedding ceremonies in Christianity and Sikhism and carefully explain the key features of each.
On behalf of the wife, the ragis then recite a shabad. The Granthi then recites the first verse of the Lavan, composed by Guru Ram Das. This verse emphasises the performance of duty to the family and the community. Then the other three verses are sung. The second verse refers to the stage of yearning and love for each other. The third verse refers to the stage of detachment and the fourth verse refers to the final stage of harmony and union in married life during which human love blends into the love or God.
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What is the difference between a Sikh, a Sahajdhari Sikh and a Khalsa? Please explain in context with the definition of a Sikh given in Sikh Rehat Maryada.
If a Hindu was interested in become a Sikh as many thousands were during this time then he would first dispense with his Hindu belief and study Gurbani and do the Nitnem prayers. Right from the times of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the procedure to become a Sikh was to get the Pahul from the Guru and follow the instructions given by the Guru. In 1699, when Guru Gobind Singh Ji changed the traditional method of giving 'Pahul' into 'Khandey di Pahul', he told all the members of the Sangat to adopt this way, if they wish to become part of the new Sangat - Khalsa.
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She gave birth to two sons. Their names were Sri Chand and Lakhmi Das. When Guru Nanak once went to bathe in the neighbouring river called Baeen her was disappeared in the water for three days. During those three days he was with God. He was given Amrit. God gave Guru Nanak his Divine name. After Guru Nanak had come back some people saw hallow around his head. Guru Nanak travelled around the world by foot and he met all kind of cultures and races. Guru Nanak was the founder of the Sikh religion and his messages were: * Share their earnings with others who are less fortunate - "Vand Chakna" * Always remember
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This is where a human Guru would stand so that more people could see and hear him. It is also fanned with a Chauri, made of feathers or yak's hair, as this is what would have happened in India to the Guru. It shows respect and that the Guru Granth Sahib is given the same treatment as a human Guru. The Guru Granth Sahib is kept in the Diwan Hall by day. Diwan Hall means 'Royal Court'. The Diwan Hall is the prayer hall and is in two parts - one for the men and one for the women and children.
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By 1984 Sant Jarnail Singh's followers were labelled as criminals and from that day all Sikh's were stereotyped as being criminals. And on the anniversary of the martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev Ji the 1984 the Indian Army launched a major attack on the Holiest of Shrines 'The Golden Temple'. She attacked because she wanted Bhinderwale dead and because she believed they were terrorists she attacked and also because of the followers of Bhinderwale carried guns and weapons she feared they might also attack some day.
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Sikh boys and girls are married according to its form when they grown-up and fit to undertake matrimonial responsibilities. Marriages are generally arranged and assisted by parents. Though there is no bar to the boy and the girl arranging it on their own. The marriage ceremony is simple but impressive. The bride and the bridegroom along with their relatives and friends form a congregation in the presence of the Guru Granth Sahib. The couple and their parents then stand and an Ardas is offered to seek God's blessing. The person in charge addresses the bride and the bridegroom individually and explains to them their duties in the new life that they are about to enter. Anand marriage is sacrament.
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In arranged wedding families would find a partner for their daughter or son by focusing on the family background, wealth, education, and cast. Unlike many marriages, many Sikh and Asian families do not see love as very important, but is something, which may develop after marriage. As long as they know they are marring their son or daughter into a stable background. Sometimes they're maybe problems for Sikhs who have been brought up in western counties such as London. They see their friends with boyfriends or girlfriends and feel that they should be able to choose their partner.
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During the ceremonial party the families exchange other gifts. The bride's mother presents the groom with a silver platter, Thaal, covered with symbols of the Sikh faith: sweets, saffron, and flowers. As well he receives some gold jewelry. At this point the bride and groom exchange rings of promise, now the couple are officially engaged. The next day the families invite a Guru to come and set the date of the wedding, according to the alignment of the stars when the bride and groom were born.
- Word count: 517