• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Scapegoats in Society

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 1 The key idea under consideration is that societies under stress sometimes use 'outsider' groups as scapegoats. The concept of the scapegoat has its origins in the religion and culture of the Hebrew people. They celebrate a festival called Yom Kippur (the day of Atonement). Yom Kippur is a day of confession, confession, repentance and prayers for forgiveness of sins committed during the year against the laws and covenant of God. The Festival is centred upon a ritual in which all of the sins that all of the Hebrew people have gained are symbolically put onto a sacrificial goat. The goat is then banished into the wilderness, therefore leaving the people free of guilt and are then able to start fresh. The modern concept of the scapegoat is someone who takes the blame for others, which originated in the mentioned festival. "In different countries at different times groups of people have been identified, stereotyped and then scapegoated by people who have economic, political and social power." ...read more.

Middle

Although, as I researched deeper I found that Anti-Semitism has a much older history: "It was in the Christian Europe that Anti-Semitism became a deeply rooted prejudice. In medieval Europe the Jews were officially and popularly regarded as being guilty of Christ's death on the cross in the 1st century Roman Palestine..." (Adapted from Cohn, Norman: warrant for Genocide, London 1967). Cohn goes onto say that the 'murder of God' was an "explosive accusation" which carried onto the 20th century resulting in many deaths of innocent Jews. The sources of evidence booklet, source five, reinforces this view: The implication here is that the Jews were wholly to blame for Germany's economic problem. This has led to poverty and unemployment both of which are common causes of scapegoating. The Jews were also blamed for Germany's defeat in World War 1 and at that prejudice and discrimination became more noticeable. This intensified during the economic depression, which followed. Whenever scapegoats are created, a culture of blame, resentment and often-crude stereotypes are found beneath the thin covering of excuses used to justify the persecution which follows: "Accusations against Jews included ...read more.

Conclusion

This lead to mass conflict: "Many whites, who already looked down on the blacks as 'inferior', now feared them as rivals." (Scott J. The World Since 1913, London, 1982). This, whites competing with black is also shown in the source of evidence pamphlet. Source 11 is adapted from a National Front leaflet and states that "British jobs for British workers!" This tells me that the National Front thinks that they British people should be first in line for employment. The National Front leaflet also describes Britain as a "dumping ground" for the surplus population of the West Indies, Asia and Africa. What is evident from my research is that scapegoating can occur for many reasons such as, cultural differences, religious fanaticism, socio-economic envy and resentment. The struggle to create a free, democratic, fair, and rational society is still the main political and social issue of human life. Those targeted as outsider groups take the blame for others. Even though some societies are multicultural, scapegoating and it's horrific consequences seems to be a problem that is unlikely to be eradicated in the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination essays

  1. Multicultural Britain

    Some people may have been tormented and been told that they'd never make a success of themselves because of the colour of their skin. These people would start to look up to their famous role models and learn that they can be successful too.

  2. Why is racism such a common problem to society in the 21st century?

    rebuild what had been lost in the consequential devastation they started to run public transport again. However the Britons who had fought in the war didn't want low paying jobs like running a bus and making sure the trains are on time, they felt that they deserved something better.

  1. Is modern day Britain a racist society?

    start at the very bottom in education, where teachers should have the education and training to deal with racism and bullying and educate children that they are all the same." This of course is not to be seen as a one-way effort.

  2. Discrimination in Employment

    * Defence available to the employer, Victoria Fashions It is a defence to an employer to show that the variation between the man's and the woman's contract is genuinely due to a difference other than sex. The 'material difference' in a 'material factor' defence must be 'significant and relevant' and 'reasonably necessary' (Rainey v.

  1. Outline Jewish ideas about the covenant relationship between God and his people? With particular ...

    In his dream the Lord appeared to him and told him that he would have many descendants and that they would make a nation. This story can be found in Genesis 28:10-17. 'God said "I am the Lord, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac.

  2. Anti-discrimination legislation.

    of the state with racial discrimination and as an affirmation of the broad objective of using legislative action to achieve 'good race relations'. The Race Relations Acts of 1965 and 1968 were based on the twin assumptions of (a) setting up special bodies to deal with the problems faced by

  1. Medicine in the medieval period - The Black Death

    And a French doctor wrote Source 2 in 1349 claiming that invisible fumes in the air caused the pestilence. Source 1 "Terrible is God towards the sons of men. He often allows plagues, conflicts, wars and other forms of suffering to arise, and uses them to terrify and torment men and so drive out their sins.

  2. To Pray or Not to Pray…That is the Question upon Society.

    Did September 11th allow "God" back into schools? Before that date the question of prayer in school had but one answer: no. Jodie Morse stated in "Letting God Back In" "seeking to reassure students by any means necessary, schools across the country are turning more openly to God" (Morse 1).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work