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Science and Religion, A1

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Introduction

A1 A cosmology is an account of how the world came to be. Christianity and Islam both have two cosmologies with similarities and differences between all of them. In genesis 1, it says that god created the world in six days, and in the following order; On the first day he created heaven and earth, light and dark, on the second day he separated the earth from the sky, on the third day creating dry land, plants and trees, on the fourth forming the sun, moon and stars, on the fifth creating fish and birds and finally on the sixth day creating animals and humans. ...read more.

Middle

the third day, Adam being placed in the garden of Eden on the fourth day, birds and animals being created as helpers for Adam on the fifth day but after them being deemed unsuitable helpers for man, woman being created on the final day. There are lots of similarities between the two Christian cosmologies, for example, the world being created in six days, the creation of the heavens and the earth on the first day, the creation of fish and birds on the fifth day and the creation of trees and plants on the third day. However, there are also differences. For instance, as already mentioned, genesis 2 gives the idea that everything was created for man, with everything else being scenery or help for him. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the traditional Islamic cosmology, it says that" Lord is god, who created the heavens and the earth in six days" (Surah 7:54) although it does not describe the sequence of events that took place, it says that god created the sun, moon, stars and planets, separated night from day, sent water to the earth creating vegetation, created birds, fish and animals, created Adam out of clay, gave Adam free will and made him the Khalifer of the earth, threw Adam and his wife out of the garden of Eden and did all of this by speaking. In the modern Islamic view, argued from 'the Qur'an and modern science', it says that the Arabic word for days translates more effectively as 'ages' implying that god created the world in six ages rather than six days. ...read more.

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