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Shabbat is a day when the whole Jewish community are not allowed to work.

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Shabbat is a day when the whole Jewish community are not allowed to work. After the ceremony of Shabbat, the family come home for a festive dinner. The man of the house repeats the Kiddish prayer over the wine before dinner blessing the Shabbat. Whilst the prayer is going on, two loaves of Challah shaped into a braid are eatan by the family. The Sabbath laws come from the Ten Commandments. In the book of Exodus it says "remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy. For in 6 days the Lord made Heaven and earth and sea and all that is in them,and he rested on the seventh day, therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day;therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day and hallowed it"(Exodus1.v20). ...read more.


One of the other explanations is that old houses had two rooms and one light was for each room. Lighting the candles, is the responsibility of the mother of the family because the mother used to stay at home (which in my opinion shows sexism in this religion, which plays a part in most religion). In some cases the male member of the family or whoever mainly stays at home, lights the candle ( my opinion is supported by the old interpretation that says, it is the task of the woman to light candles to make amends for the fact that Eve, the first woman brought the darkness of sin into the world"). ...read more.


Today we have smaller families so they intertwine the bread. It is called challoh or challot. I think this is a good way to remind the Jews that God provides. The cloth over the challoh symbolises the manna they had in the desert. This proverb "and when the dew that lay was gone, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as hoarfrost on the ground" Exodus 16,14 Pesachim 100b I think this is a way to respect their forefathers and show they will never forget. In many families it is custom to have salt on their challah. Which is based on the verse: And every sacrifice of your meal of offering shall you season with salt. I think this a way illustrate they know to obey God's rules. ...read more.

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